Edrastima uniflora

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
Common Name:Clustered Mille Graines; Clustered Bluet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Clustered Mille Graines is a native herbaceous annual in the Madder family (Rubiaceae). It is found primarily in the southern half of the state. Clustered Mille Graines grows on the wet shores of ponds and lakes, on the banks of rivers and streams, in swamps and marshes, in bogs and seeps, in wet flatwoods, around waterfilled depressions, and in wet roadside ditches. It is an annual with a tap root. The stems are erect to ascending, green in color, angled, loosely branched, and pubescent with white hairs. Leaves are opposite, sessile to subsessile, lanceolate to ovate in outline, pubescent to nearly glabrous, with entire margins. Flowers are clustered and sessile in the axils of the leaves or terminal. Each flower has 4 pubescent green sepals. The corolla is white with a short tubular portion and 4 spreading lobes. The fruit is an inferior capsule with many small seed. Clustered Mille Graines has previously been placed in Oldenlandia or Hedyotis.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Edrastima
Species Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf. - Clustered Mille Graines; Clustered Bluet

Citation

Citation Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf., Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 6: 269. 1834.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 587 (lectotype: LINN 155.3; isolectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Terrell & H. Robinson, Sida 22: 317. 2006.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hedyotis fasciculata Hedyotis fasciculata Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 306. 1851.  
Hedyotis glomerata Hedyotis glomerata (Michaux) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 188. 1816.Oldenlandia glomerata Michaux 1803. 
Hedyotis uniflora var. fasciculata Hedyotis uniflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. fasciculata (Bertoloni) W. H. Lewis, Amer. J. Bot. 49: 865. 1962.Hedyotis fasciculata Bertoloni 1851. 
Hedyotis virginica Hedyotis virginica Sprengel, Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2; 34. 1815. VIRGINIA
Hedyotis uniflora Hedyotis uniflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl  Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Oldenlandia glomerata Oldenlandia glomerata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 83. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Oldenlandia fasciculata Oldenlandia fasciculata (Bertoloni) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1106, 1338. 1903.Hedyotis fasciculata Bertoloni 1851. 
Oldenlandia littoralis Oldenlandia littoralis C. Mohr, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 27. 1897. ALABAMA: Mobile Co.: Grand Bay near Mobile, 6 Sep 1888, Mohr s.n. (lectotype: UNA). Lectotypified by Terrell & H. Robinson, Sida 22: 318. 2006.
Oldenlandia uniflora Oldenlandia uniflora (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Sp. Pl. 1:119.1753.Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Stelmanis glomerata Stelmanis glomerata (Michaux) Rafinesque, Autik. B  Oldenlandia glomerata Michaux 1803. 
Stelmotis glomerata Stelmotis glomerata (Michaux) Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 101. 1838 ("1836").Oldenlandia glomerata Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 1992

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0003948 Baldwin 08 Jun 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12478
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
AUA_ACC_51820 Pike 26 Aug 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5407
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
AUA_ACC_72425 Baldwin 8 Oct 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-524
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
USAM000014039 Mobile 08 Oct 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4800
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
AUA000041560 Covington 17 Oct 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5741
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
USAM000014045 Mobile 14 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
196
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
JSU132792 Randolph 21 Sep 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3079
JSU
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UWAL0001789 Pike 15 Sep 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21587
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UNA00048599 Houston 12 Sep 1992 MacDonald, John R.
5504
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
ALNHS00006927 Covington 06 Oct 2020 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#5332
ALNHS
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
UWAL0049257 Bullock 30 Sep 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3596
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (Linnaeus) Rafinesque
USAM000014040 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
4088
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
JSU132791 Calhoun 10 Sep 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
930
JSU
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_44831 Conecuh 28 Aug 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2719
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UWAL0050147 Autauga 21 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1259a
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
AUA000032962 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4882
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UWAL0003949 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18525
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UNA00045780 Houston 12 Sep 1992 MacDonald, John R.
5504
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
USAM000014043 Baldwin 20 Aug 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10953
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00064267 Mobile 14 Aug 1897 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UNA00064268 Mobile 27 Jul _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UWAL0038518 Mobile 09 Sep 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5598
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000049720 Autauga 21 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1253
TROY
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
UWAL0003950 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1250
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
USAM000014042 Baldwin 09 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11404
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00026894 Mobile 01 Sep 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
TROY000008759 Dale 15 Sep 2000 Woods, Michael
8232
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
ALNHS00001429 Covington 27 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#844
ALNHS
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000049585 Autauga 05 Oct 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1309
TROY
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
USAM000014044 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7330.2
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
JSU132790 Calhoun 10 Sep 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
930
JSU
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000008760 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
1158
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UWAL0015166 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1191
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_40482 Mobile 2 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41011
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UWAL0044233 Baldwin 28 Oct 2005 Larsen, H.S.
1448
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
UNA00043859 Bibb 16 Sep 1985 Horn, Charles N.
923
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UWAL0047019 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
115
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_73834 Covington 22 Oct 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4516
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UNA00043860 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UWAL0037981 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7330.1
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000023293 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18525
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UWAL0015353 Clarke 24 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6242
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UNA00043858 Lee 04 Aug 1896 Earle, Franklin S.
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UNA00043856 Baldwin 18 May 1889 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
TROY000023294 Baldwin 08 Jun 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12478
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000031923 Pike 15 Sep 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21587
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000046904 Autauga 03 Sep 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7484
TROY
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
UNA00064269 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UWAL0048226 Covington 17 Oct 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5741
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
AUA_ACC_63057 Bullock 11 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14074
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
TROY000008762 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18160
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UWAL0044234 Baldwin 16 May 2000 Larsen, H.S.
575
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000037684 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1191
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
AUA000040302 Covington 2 Oct 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1586
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UWAL0044239 Baldwin 15 Aug 2006 Larsen, H.S.
1526
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
USAM000014041 Baldwin 20 Jun 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5429
USAM
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00064266 Mobile 6 Sep 1888 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
UWAL0038482 Mobile 09 Sep 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5600
UWAL
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000049567 Autauga 21 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1259a
TROY
Edrastima uniflora (L.) Raf.
TROY000047579 Geneva 03 Oct 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28516A
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000035580 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23304
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000047674 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
115
TROY
Edrastima uniflora (Linnaeus) Rafinesque
UWAL0030215 Hale 23 Aug 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9161
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
AUA_ACC_59310 Elmore 19 Sep 2000 Hansen, Curtis J.
2000-103
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
AUA_ACC_56635 Conecuh 30 Sep 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
10015
AUA
Oldenlandia Uniflora L.
UWAL0011977 Autauga 03 Sep 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7484
UWAL
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
TROY000008757 Bullock 11 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14074
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00065712 Clarke 9 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17068
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
TROY000008758 Clarke 09 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17068
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00060781 Baldwin 15 Oct 2001 Kral, Robert
92036
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
TROY000008761 Houston 12 Sep 1992 MacDonald, John R.
5504
TROY
Oldenlandia uniflora Linnaeus
UNA00068906 Baldwin 8 Jun 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12478
UNA
Oldenlandia uniflora L.
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