Houstonia procumbens

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
Common Name:Creeping Bluet; Roundleaf Bluet; Fairy Footprints
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HOPR
Plant Notes:Innocence is a native perennial herbaceous plant in the Coffee family (Rubiaceae). It occurs in the southern third of Alabama. Innocence grows in sandy pine forests, on roadside banks, in lawns, and in cemeteries. It is a mat forming perennial with creeping stems that root at the nodes. The leaves are sessile or short petiolate, opposite on the stem, ovate to orbicular in outline, with ciliate margins. They are yellowish-green in color. Flowers are solitary on short pedicels from the leaf axils. Two types of flowers are produced, chasmogamous (fully opened flowers) and cleistogamous (non-opening buds that self-pollinate). In addition, the chasmogamous flowers are distylous (having flowers with styles of differing length). The chasmogamous flowers are salverform with a tubular lower portion and 4 lobes. The flowers are pure white in color and glabrous within. The fruit is a two-locular capsule. Innocence is not usually available from native plant nurseries. It can be propagated from seed or by dividing rooted portions of the mat. It prefers a moist, sandy soil and full sun. It makes an interesting low growing cover, rock garden plant, or terrarium plant. Because of its small size and ground hugging growth form it is often over looked. It also tends to get covered over by larger plants or pine straw if the forest has not burned recently.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Houstonia
Species Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley - Creeping Bluet; Roundleaf Bluet; Fairy Footprints

Citation

Citation HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (J. F. Gmelin) Standley, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 32: 26. 1918.
Basionym: Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Charleston, 2-10 Jun 1902, Palmer s.n. (neotype: US). Neotypified by W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anotis rotundifolia Anotis rotundifolia (Michaux) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 433. 1830.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Hedyotis procumbens var. hirsuta Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, var. hirsuta W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966. FLORIDA: Walton Co.: Villa Tasso, 1 mi. W of Choctaw Bay, 28 May 1964, McDaniel 4707 (holotype: FSU).
Hedyotis rotundifolia Hedyotis rotundifolia (Michaux) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 39. 1841, non Sprengel 1815.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Hedyotis veronicifolia Hedyotis veronicifolia Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 729. 1840, nom. illegit.Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Houstonia procumbens var. hirsuta Houstonia procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Standley, var. hirsuta (W. H. Lewis) D. B. Ward, Novon 14: 370. 2004.Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, var. hirsuta W. H. Lewis 1966. 
Oldenlandia rotundifolia Oldenlandia rotundifolia (Michaux) A. Gray ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 180. 1860.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Panetos rotundifolius Panetos rotundifolius (Michaux) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 93. 1915.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Poiretia procumbens Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 263. 1791. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Charleston, 2-10 Jun 1902, Palmer s.n. (neotype: US). Neotypified by W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966.
Hedyotis procumbens Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, Castanea 19: 32. 1954.Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Houstonia rotundifolia Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 85. 1803. "Floridae, et Carolinae",

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Fayette, Houston, Marengo, Mobile, Pike, Russell

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1987

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000008707 Dale 03 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15056
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043741 Clarke 15 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7715
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000008708 Dale 15 Feb 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
341
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043743 Mobile _ Jun _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA000040376 Houston 3 Mar 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP52
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UNA00043746 Mobile 24 Mar 1963 Deramus, Rebecca
273
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0003935 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18752
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_36990 Clarke 24 Mar 1981 O'Halloran, K.
008
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_42056 Conecuh 18 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
2131
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_41537 Conecuh 10 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
175
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0044235 Baldwin 21 Mar 2007 Larsen, Harry S.
1588
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_69415 Covington 5 Mar 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
3628
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_49997 Pike 21 Feb 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5695
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000008704 Covington 26 Feb 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14953
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043738 Crenshaw 21 Mar 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
8862
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000041716 Marengo 21 Feb 2012 England, J. Kevin
3219
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000008706 Dale 27 Feb 1999 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000023281 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18752
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043742 Mobile 1 Mar 1975 Ellison, D. Jeanne
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0047688 Barbour 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10671
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043747 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0038901 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4909
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA000032677 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4909
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
USAM000014002 Mobile 12 Mar 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4169
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043745 Mobile 06 Mar 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D268
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0037372 Bullock 07 Mar 2017 Soehren, Eric C.
453
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. Ex J.F. Gmel.) Standley
AUA_ACC_56597 Crenshaw 24 Mar 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10152
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0049077 Bullock 28 May 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3284
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J. F. Gmelin) Standley
AUA000036715 Covington 15 Aug 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5175
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000049141 Houston 28 Feb 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27210
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000023282 Russell 25 Mar 2003 Kral, Robert
93736
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000039478 Coffee 31 Mar 2014 Pullen, Robert
452
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000008705 Dale 25 Feb 1998 Rundell, Hannelore
492
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
AUA_ACC_73670 Covington 22 Oct 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4568
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UNA00043734 Fayette 1 Apr 1989 Ganus, Leah M.
16
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000008703 Coffee 11 Mar 2000 Martin, Brian H.
484
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
JSU132459 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1229
JSU
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043739 Baldwin 21 Feb 1959 Edwards, Jackie
30
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UNA00043737 Covington 21 Mar 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
8849
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0015776 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24866
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0009608 Marengo 21 Feb 2012 England, J. Kevin
3219
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
AUA_ACC_52087 Coffee 23 Jan 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8521
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0012148 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7735
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000046132 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7735
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
USAM000014001 Mobile 27 Feb 1969 Scott, D.L.
256
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0036624 Mobile 14 Feb 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3677
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0018316 Covington 08 Apr 1988 Kral, Robert
74582
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.)
AUA_ACC_42054 Conecuh 23 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2196
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0003936 Mobile 22 Mar 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_44068 Conecuh 26 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2434
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000039091 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24866
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
SAMF0004194 Covington 21 Mar 1981 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2131
SAMF
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J. F. Gmelin) Standley
ALNHS00001554 Clarke 17 Feb 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-13
ALNHS
Houstonia procumbens (Walt.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_44069 Conecuh 13 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2314
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_46322 Covington 1 Apr 1978 Lamb, Trip
24
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA_ACC_52876 Dale 21 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7901
AUA
Houstonia Procumbens (Walt. Ex J. F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000030117 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
3628
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
USAM000014000 Mobile 22 Mar 1968 Scott, D.L.
100
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
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