Houstonia lanceolata

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
Common Name:Midwestern Summer Bluet; Calycose Bluet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Calycose Bluet is a native herbaceous perennial in the Madder family (Rubiaceae). It can be found primarily in the northern and western counties of Alabama. Calycose Bluet occurs along streams, in prairies, in cedar glades, and on chalk outcrops. It is a perennial from a short rhizome or taproot. Leaves of the basal rosette are usually present at flowering. Stems are 3-12 inches in height, green or purplish in color, 4-angled, and pubescent. Stem leaves are opposite, sessile, oblong to lanceolate or elliptic in outline, entire but with marginal cilia. Flowers are produced in terminal cymes. The calyx has 4 lanceolate lobes that are longer than the corolla tube. The corolla is funnelform with 4 lobes that are shorter than the tube. The inside of the corolla is pubescent. Flower color ranges from white to deep lavender. The fruit is a bi-lobed capsule. Calycose Bluet is occasionally available from wildflower nurseries. It prefers partial to full sun and a moist loamy soil. Calycose Bluet is generally short-lived but will re-seed itself.---A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Houstonia
Species Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton - Midwestern Summer Bluet; Calycose Bluet

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hedyotis lanceolata    
Hedyotis purpurea var. calycosa    
Houstonia calycosa    
Houstonia purpurea var. calycosa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Dallas, DeKalb, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Morgan, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0003923 Sumter 13 Apr 1998 White, James E.
B-115
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
SAMF0004256 Franklin 27 Jun 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
15
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000040845 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7855
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043794 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1965 Rees, Fred
64
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0010572 Lawrence 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5083
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043796 Madison 15 Jun 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
143
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
JSU132426 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88290
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0018562 Colbert 19 May 1993 Kral, R.
82325
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britt.
UWAL0050090 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28887
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132425 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13419
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00064757 Lawrence 17 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2812
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0011822 Blount 30 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6428
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000034388 Dallas 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5924
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
UNA00022868 Hale 22 Apr 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
182
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0035661 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6171
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132429 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16397
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000048454 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28887
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043764 Autauga 15 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
468
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0010654 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7216
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britt.
UNA00043790 Marengo 28 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2014
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0033687 Greene 16 May 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9603
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00057790 Bibb 2 May 1993 Allison, James R.
7587
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0003932 Marengo 01 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1811
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
JSU132427 Colbert 15 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16517
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
SAMF0004257 Calhoun 07 Jun 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3220
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0030384 Bibb 22 May 1993 Kral, R.
82500
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britt.
TROY000023283 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4241
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0013237 Franklin 14 Apr 2012 England, J. Kevin
3319
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00056816 Franklin 14 Jul 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
91
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UNA00043795 DeKalb 15 May 1954 Sherman, Harry
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0003920 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4241
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
UNA00043789 Franklin 27 Jun 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
15
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0033821 Dallas 17 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8862
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043804 Tuscaloosa 28 Apr 1963 Deramus, Rebecca
364
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
SAMF0004258 Franklin 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5110
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000023439 Sumter 27 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11785
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
NY00131725 Madison Oct 1843 Ferdinand I. X. Rugel
s.n.
NY
Hedyotis calycosa Shuttlew.
SAMF0004259 Bibb 24 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5239
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000028736 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
96706
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
AUA_ACC019424 Lee 28 MAY 1971 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1179
AUA
HOUSTONIA PURPUREA L. var. CALYCOSA GRAY
UNA00043808 Franklin 18 May 1974 Richey, Tom
39
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
SAMF0004254 Franklin 25 Apr 2004 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3087
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0010589 Jackson 09 Apr 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5141
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043797 Madison 14 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
500
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
JSU132436 Sumter 1 May 1988 Thomas, R. Dale
104196
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0036788 Pickens 09 Apr 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9952
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0050135 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1622
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132428 Franklin 14 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16164
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00064778 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2830
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
SAMF0006104 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6171
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0018521 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81972
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britt.
JSU132431 Jackson 1 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
625
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043791 Tuscaloosa 27 Apr 1959 Edwards, Jackie
125
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
SAMF0004261 Morgan 26 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5165
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0036242 Hale 27 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7284
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043793 Sumter 14 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
1967
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
TROY000042486 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21881
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0036107 Madison 15 Jun 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8999
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
USAM000014006 Sumter 01 May 1983 Thomas, R. Dale
83397 & 3056
USAM
Houstonia purpurea Linnaeus var. calycosa A. Gray
AUA_ACC025863 Sumter 20 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23787
AUA
HOUSTONIA PURPUREA L. var. CALYCOSA GRAY
JSU132430 Jackson 15 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
652
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
SAMF0004255 Bibb 25 Apr 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4666
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043711 Franklin 04 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42938
UNA
Hedyotis lanceolata Poir.
TROY000049650 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1622
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0003931 Dallas 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5924
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
UWAL0032538 Lawrence 14 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6322
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000023424 Cherokee 25 Apr 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
28
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
JSU132437 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4704
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0031436 Colbert 23 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2841
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132434 Jefferson 18 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
488
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0034025 Blount 23 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8789
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00058940 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88290
UNA
Hedyotis lanceolata Poir.
UNA00043803 Tuscaloosa 19 May 1977 Connell, Terry D.
4
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UNA00043792 Tuscaloosa 16 May 1974 Cunningham, Alan
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0003922 Sumter Apr 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
UWAL0032508 Colbert 19 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6375
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000023438 Sumter 16 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2531
TROY
Houstonia purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray var. calycosa Gray
UNA00043806 Calhoun 19 Apr 1953 Pendergrass, Suevilla S.
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
AUA_ACC049747 Sumter 1 MAY 1988 THOMAS, R. DALE
104196
AUA
HOUSTONIA PURPUREA L. var. CALYCOSA GRAY
SAMF0004262 Jackson 09 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5141
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132433 Jefferson 28 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
648
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNAF0001810 Lawrence 07 May 2008 Webb, David H.
6757
UNAF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00043805 Tuscaloosa 06 May 1952 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UNA00054103 Blount 17 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
633
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0011696 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7855
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000037628 Butler 25 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23954
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UWAL0003921 Sumter 25 Apr 1934 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poir.) Britton
UNA00043798 Tuscaloosa 16 May 1974 Lewis, Cynthia
4
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0036941 Fayette 18 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7805
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
TROY000038412 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7216
TROY
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
SAMF0004260 Lawrence 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5083
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132432 Jefferson 28 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
401
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
SAMF0004253 Dallas 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5924
SAMF
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
UNA00017604 Marshall 29 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
45962
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UNA00058510 Sumter 16 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2531
UNA
Houstonia purpurea L. var. calycosa Gray
UWAL0013875 Butler 25 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23954
UWAL
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
JSU132435 Marshall 2 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4204
JSU
Houstonia lanceolata (Poiret) Britton
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