Prunus angustifolia

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Prunus angustifolia Marshall
Common Name:Chickasaw Plum; Sand Plum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PRAN3
Plant Notes:Chickasaw Plum is a thicket forming shrub in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It is found throughout Alabama. Chickasaw Plum grows to a height of three to fifteen feet. It is often cultivated and can be found around old home sites, fence rows, old fields, on roadsides, and in disturbed sandy woods. The truck is often crooked with many branches. The branches tend to be stouter than on other Plum species, and thick thorny spurs are common. Prominent lenticels are present on the larger limbs and trunk. Like many Plums, this species often forms thickets from root suckers. The leaves are alternate, deciduous, lance shaped, and toothed along the margins. Leaves tend to fold upwards along the midrib. The white, five-petaled, fragrant flowers are produced in umbels before the leaves emerge. This is one of the first Plum species to flower in our area. The flowers are followed by sweet red, yellow, or orange drupes (a fleshy indehiscent fruit in which the seed is enclosed in a hard stony endocarp (pit or stone)). The fruit are eaten by humans and a wide variety of wildlife. Chickasaw Plum was widely cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans. Some believe that the native range of this species is in the Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas area, and that plants in our area are the result of repeated escapes from cultivation. I have never seen Chickasaw Plum growing in what I would consider “natural” undisturbed communities and would tend to agree with this assessment. Plum species often hybridize, and hybrids between this species and Hog Plum or Sloe (Prunus umbellata Elliott) are commonly encountered. These hybrids often have more slender twigs, and the fruits are smaller and very sour. Chickasaw Plum is easily cultivated. It prefers full sun and sandy soils. The trees are short lived, but produce an abundance of seed and suckers, so replacement is not a problem. Chickasaw Plum is available from nurseries that specialize in native plants for wildlife, or it can be gro
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Prunus
Species Prunus angustifolia Marshall - Chickasaw Plum; Sand Plum

Citation

Citation PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 111. 1785.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Prunus angustifolia var. variens Prunus angustifolia Marshall, var. variens W. Wight & Hedrick, in Hedrick, Plums New York 87. 1911. MARYLAND
Prunus angustifolia var. watsonii Prunus angustifolia Marshall, var. watsonii (Sargent) Waugh, Vermont Agric. Exp. Sta. Annual Rep. 12: 239. 1899.Prunus watsonii Sargent 1894. 
Prunus rugosa Prunus rugosa Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 90. 1931. KANSAS: Morton Co.: Sandhills S of the Cimarron River N of Elkhart, 12 Jul 1929, Rydberg & Imler 906 (holotype: NY).
Prunus watsonii Prunus watsonii Sargent, Gard. & Forest 7: 134, f. 25. 1894. KANSAS/NEBRASKA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1959 - 2000

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU131028 Talladega 18 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10914
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023565 Sumter 2 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
122
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000008369 Coffee 03 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
447
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131014 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1285
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0003811 Henry 01 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19132
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131029 Tallapoosa 8 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
043
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023557 Macon 20 JUN 1970 ROGERS, NORMAN
25
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UNA00046115 Houston 20 Feb 1994 John R. MacDonald
6947
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000008375 Washington 04 May 1991 Loren D. Powers
1
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131025 St. Clair 15 Mar 1986 R. L. Naugher
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015453 Covington 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8850
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131016 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
628
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002045 Tuscaloosa 26 Feb 1966 Mettee, Maurice F.
6
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023543 Clarke 25 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
12
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
USAM000013748 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8350
USAM
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130996 Cherokee 28 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002044 Shelby 20 Mar 1996 Stiles, Jimmy
63
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0003813 Sumter 23 May 1984 Jones
0029
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UWAL0043545 Baldwin 04 Jun 2000 Larsen, H.S.
361
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
SAMF0002025 Pike 18 Mar 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3409
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0003810 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Hansen, C.J.
3633
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000035252 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
613
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023550 Lauderdale 27 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45151
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000030065 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3633
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015509 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1959 Nelda Kathleen Williamson
s.n.
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UWAL0019732 Houston 08 Mar 1991 Kral, R.
78361
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UNA00015452 Cullman 04 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8919
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
AUA_ACC032866 Lee 2 APR 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
9
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131021 Randolph 1 Mar 1986 C. F. Nixon
2087
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130991 Calhoun 11 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
095
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015507 Hale 09 Mar 1977 Denise Harvey
78
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UWAL0011220 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0613
UWAL
Rosaceae Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131000 DeKalb 22 Jun 1969 Norma Beaty
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131006 Jackson 26 Mar 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1582
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015504 Mobile 16 Mar 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D842
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131015 Marshall 30 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1953
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA_ACC002619 Lee 10 JUL 1923 ORUM, G. A.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0047570 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-13
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
AUA000023540 Barbour 27 APR 1967 DRAKE, SAM
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
SAMF0002026 Franklin 16 Mar 2012 Davenport, L. J.
4977
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023561 Pickens 29 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45275
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
SAMF0006448 Chambers 23 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6075
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023545 Crenshaw 4 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9211
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0019728 Houston 08 Mar 1991 Kral, R.
78364
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh
JSU131013 Lowndes 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14130
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00053316 Dale 27 Feb 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10058
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131019 Randolph 15 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
694
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU139256 Dale 27 Feb 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10058
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023552 Lee 20 JUN 1969 MILLER, L. C.
38
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000049037 Lowndes 08 May 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
28908
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023542 Choctaw 3 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1321
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131023 Randolph 16 Jul 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015451 Lowndes 23 May 1987 Robert Burckhalter
1041
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131004 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
276
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130992 Calhoun 1 Mar 1992 J. M. Ballard
19
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023562 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
286
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131009 Lawrence 18 Mar 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023554 Lee 1 MAY 1963 KENNAMER, JAMES E.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
USAM000013749 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7466.4
USAM
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131002 Etowah 2 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
874
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015505 Jefferson 01 Apr 1978 L. J. Davenport
276
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000008370 Coffee 14 Oct 2000 Mark Windham
4
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015508 Walker 02 Apr 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6080
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UNA00053604 Chambers 05 Mar 1989 Robert R. Haynes
9373
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131017 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
628
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015466 Mobile 1 Mar _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000008374 Pike 14 May 1997 Astrid Evers
137
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0010149 Tallapoosa 27 Feb 2012 Davenport, L.J.
4963
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130999 Chilton 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1312
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015448 Pickens 05 Jun 1971 R. Kral
43020
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000022740 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19132
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023559 Montgomery 13 MAY 1967 ALTA M. BURNETT
217
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
AUA000023553 Lee 1 MAY 1963 LAMB, JAMES M.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131027 Talladega 3 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1354
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023564 Russell 8 MAR 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-57
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131011 Marshall 8 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1121
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023556 Lee 4 MAR 1921 ORUM, G. A.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0047967 Barbour 6 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10696
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002930 Monroe 26 Mar 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5587
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023546 Dale 8 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7931
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0002107 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21354
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU130997 Chilton 23 Mar 1969 R. Kral
33943
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00027112 Conecuh 14 Mar 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9274
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131022 Randolph 17 Mar 1983 C. F. Nixon
53
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002060 Jefferson 09 May 1969 Barclay
s.n.
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023544 Crenshaw 21 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
311
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000022814 Tuscaloosa 22 Feb 1994 Carrol J. Mann
16
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023558 Montgomery 12 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5016
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000032451 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21354
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000025002 Covington 5 MAR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3633
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000032951 Butler 16 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22128
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0003812 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1628
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131008 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
737
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131024 St. Clair 2 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10821
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023548 Lauderdale 27 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45149
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0038334 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8350
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131010 Limestone 22 Mar 1998 T. L. Hofmann
00894
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015459 Pickens 13 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
1
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000008372 Covington 08 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92121
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015456 Randolph 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9066
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
AUA000023541 Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1259
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU131020 Randolph 31 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
733
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015503 Bibb 09 Mar 1981 Charles N. Horn
173
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
USAM000013747 Mobile 18 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4204
USAM
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130993 Calhoun 11 Jun 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UWAL0035703 Chambers 23 Mar 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6064
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130998 Chilton 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1587
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015464 Tuscaloosa 15 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
290
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
SAMF0006733 Bibb 25 Mar 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6489
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU130994 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2891
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00015455 Houston 05 Mar 1967 Sidney McDaniel
8504
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
TROY000044909 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
388
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002041 Jefferson 12 Mar 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3768
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023547 Greene 29 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45242
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
SAMF0006461 Chambers 23 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6064
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023534 Montgomery 28 FEB 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2050
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0019726 Houston 08 Mar 1991 Kral, R.
78363
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
UNA00066546 Fayette 27 Feb 1999 Robert R. Haynes
9927
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
USAM000013750 Mobile 12 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4175
USAM
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131018 Randolph 15 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
694
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
TROY000028663 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1628
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000024550 Tallapoosa 11 MAR 2006 MARABLE, M. K.
21
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0005465 Butler 16 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22128
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131005 Fayette 12 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9740
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131007 Jackson 4 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
528
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00034530 Houston 13 Mar 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1347
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131003 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1285
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
USAM000013746 Mobile 08 May 1969 Francene Erwin
15
USAM
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023566 Tallapoosa 22 MAY 1965 BROWN, JIMMY E.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
TROY000008373 Dale 04 Aug 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131026 St. Clair 8 May 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023551 Lee 21 MAY 1972 PARKER, G. W.
138
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0047931 Macon 6 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10736
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002024 Tallapoosa 27 Feb 2012 Davenport, L. J.
4963
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
TROY000008368 Butler 06 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17520
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
JSU131001 Dallas 7 Mar 1977 R. Kral
59500
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
UNA00027117 Butler 14 Mar 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9278
UNA
Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
JSU131012 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
628
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002042 Jefferson 11 Mar 1948 McCullough, H. A.
48-11
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023563 Randolph 1985 NIXON, C. F.
1307
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
UWAL0046541 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
388
UWAL
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
AUA000023560 Morgan 22 APR 1972 WILLIAMS, SUSAN
70
AUA
PRUNUS ANGUSTIFOLIA MARSHALL
JSU130995 Calhoun 28 Mar 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
SAMF0002922 Shelby 02 Apr 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5589
SAMF
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
TROY000008371 Covington 20 Apr 1991 Gwyn Huggins
33
TROY
Prunus angustifolia Marshall
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