Malus angustifolia

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
Common Name:Southern Crabapple
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MAAN3
Plant Notes:Southern Crabapple is a native deciduous tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It is native throughout Alabama. Southern Crabapple occurs in dry woods, on fence rows, along power lines, and along roadsides. It is a large shrub or small tree reaching heights of 30 feet. The plants often form thickets from root sprouts. The trunk is twisted with reddish-gray bark that splits into long narrow ridges. Branches are spreading and the tree often has a rounded crown. Short side branches have sharp tips that form thorns. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblong to elliptic in outline, and have rounded teeth along the margins. The leaves are rather stiff and are pubescent on the lower surface. Flowers are produced in umbels of 3-5 flowers on short shoots. The flowers are perfect and have 5 pink petals. The flowers are very fragrant. The fruit is a globular yellowish-green pome. Southern Crabapple is available from many nurseries that sell native trees and shrubs, especially those that specialize in plants for wildlife. The sour apples are eaten by a variety of wildlife and can be used to make jelly, tarts, and preserves. The flowers are also heavily visited by bees.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Malus
Species Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux - Southern Crabapple

Citation

Citation MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (Aiton) Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292. 1803.
Basionym: Pyrus angustifolia Aiton 1789.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pyrus coronaria var. angustifolia Pyrus coronaria Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Aiton) Wenzig, Linnaea 38: 41. 1874.Pyrus angustifolia Aiton 1789. 
Pyrus angustifolia Pyrus angustifolia Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 176. 1789.  
Pyrus angustifolia var. spinosa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1884 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU130647 Etowah 9 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1121
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015069 St. Clair 26 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023226 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
264
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
JSU130641 Clay 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1404
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023212 Conecuh 6 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
366
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UNA00015484 Cherokee 28 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
605
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
UNA00066834 Butler 21 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17420
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023210 Cherokee 15 APR 1972 HALE, A. R.
54
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
JSU130652 St. Clair 30 Mar 1986 R. L. Naugher
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130644 DeKalb 20 Apr 1968 Charles Payton
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UWAL0038739 Choctaw 17 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10503
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015068 Clay 03 Aug 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
USAM000013706 Mobile 30 May 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4696
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130640 Clay 10 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1615
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023208 Butler 4 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
277
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UNA00015064 Fayette 20 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
586
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
JSU130645 DeKalb 11 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
178
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023219 Macon 9 APR 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
S.N.
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
TROY000008337 Dale 03 Jun 1998 Hannelore Rundell
591
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130631 Barbour 29 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39889
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130633 Calhoun 26 Apr 1987 C. L. Lawler
1547
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000023002 Randolph 22 Apr 1988 C. F. Nixon
3704
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130656 Talladega 10 Apr 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10519
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000037813 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24148
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000043663 Marengo 26 Mar 2014 J. Kevin England
4739
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130653 Talladega 29 Sep 1983 D. Dean Baldwin
21
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UWAL0038750 Marengo 25 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10515
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU144221 Jefferson 08 May 1972 Pam Davis
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000008334 Butler 21 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17420
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00021832 Tuscaloosa 31 May 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1802
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023216 Lee 29 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
013-69
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
USAM000013703 Baldwin 11 Apr 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11055
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023211 Clarke 31 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
33
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
TROY000032512 Conecuh 02 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21848
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015071 Mobile 04 Apr 1887 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
USAM000013707 Mobile 27 Sep 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4753
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130654 Talladega 22 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130651 St. Clair 2 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10848
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015482 Shelby 14 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
565
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023209 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
183
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UWAL0030141 Marengo 26 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4739
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130650 Marshall 15 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49518
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130634 Calhoun 1 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
194
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023213 Crenshaw 8 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9638
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UNA00015072 Jefferson 10 Apr 1884 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
USAM000013708 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8446
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130649 Lee 18 Apr 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU145251 Calhoun 10 Apr 1993 F. Hutchinson
1302
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000008336 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
496
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015481 Bibb 11 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
517
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023223 Montgomery 13 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6712
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UWAL0010838 Montgomery 14 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22847
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130637 Cherokee 10 May 1977 R. Kral
59962
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
SAMF0002009 Elmore 12 Apr 1969 Glover, Betsy
s.n.
SAMF
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023222 Monroe 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1392
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
JSU130655 Talladega 14 May 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00065823 Tallapoosa 13 Jun 2006 Dan Tenaglia
222
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023215 Lee 29 MAR 1967 LIPPS, E. LEWIS
S.N.
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
TROY000034698 Montgomery 14 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22847
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
AUA000023220 Macon 10 APR 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
133
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
AUA000023227 Tallapoosa 9 MAY 1998 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER 220
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
UNA00064937 St. Clair 15 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2780
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023218 Macon 10 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2151
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
JSU130642 Cleburne 15 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1462
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130646 Etowah 17 Apr 1970 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130635 Calhoun 11 Apr 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10560
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130643 DeKalb 11 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13113
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
USAM000013709 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8446
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130638 Cherokee 29 May 1987 Erik Alford
04
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU144448 Cleburne 10 Apr 1993 F. Hutchinson
1273
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000008335 Coffee 30 Apr 1991 Tammy Turner
12
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130632 Calhoun 16 Sep 1993 Susan Hruska
10
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000008338 Pike 26 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12635
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000038284 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Bailee Dykes
1555
TROY
Malus augustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
SAMF0002008 Etowah 19 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4223
SAMF
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UWAL0043372 Baldwin 29 Aug 2000 Larsen, H.S.
317
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michx.
AUA000023224 Pike 11 APR 1966 MIXON, WILLIAM
S.N.
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
AUA000023225 Pike 31 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4323
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
JSU130639 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7972
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015070 Tuscaloosa _ Apr 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
UWAL0014824 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1555
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UWFP015882 Escambia 31 Mar 1988 James R. Burkhalter
10871
UWFP
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
SAMF0002010 Jefferson 20 May 1953 Knight, R.
s.n.
SAMF
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UWAL0013287 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24148
UWAL
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
TROY000023003 Tallapoosa 13 Jun 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
222
TROY
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00021491 Tuscaloosa 22 Feb 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1759
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
AUA000023221 Macon 9 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
S.N.
AUA
MALUS ANGUSTIFOLIA (AIT.) MICHX.
USAM000013704 Mobile 07 May 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4485
USAM
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
JSU130648 Jackson 18 May 1999 Kristin Brodeur
1813
JSU
Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michaux
UNA00015483 Dale 30 Mar 1980 L. J. Davenport
1734
UNA
Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
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