Delphinium alabamicum

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Delphinium alabamicum Kral
Common Name:Alabama Larkspur
Habitat:Calcareous and prairie woods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Alabama Larkspur is a native herbaceous perennial in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Up until recently it was thought to be endemic to Alabama, but new collections from NW Georgia have ended that status. Alabama Larkspur occurs in central and north Alabama. It grows in calcareous woods, around the wooded margins of prairies, and on the floodplain of streams. It is a perennial with a tap root. Leaves are mostly basal with 1-3 cauline leaves. The basal leaves are petiolate, reniform to semicircular in outline, and deeply palmately lobed. The leaves are nearly glabrous. Cauline leaves are alternate and similar to the basal leaves but with short peduncles or sessile. Flowers are produced in a terminal raceme. The pedicel and sepals are pubescent. Each flower has 5 dark blue sepals, the upper one spurred. There are 4 dark blue petals. The fruit is a follicle. Alabama Larkspur is listed as a S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G2 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Alabama Larkspur is occasionally available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a rich, basic soil high in organic matter and light shade.--A. Diamond and B. Keener
Taxonomic Notes:In citing the holotype, Kral designated US in the protologue. Warnock (1989) discovered three specimens US matching the Type details without an indication of which was the holotype. This necessitated the designation of a lectotype (US-00901606) leaving the remaining two specimens at US as isotypes.
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G2 (Global Rank)
References:Warnock, M.J. Clarification and lectotypifications of some North American Delphinium. Phytologia 67(6): 468-493.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Delphinium
Species Delphinium alabamicum Kral - Alabama Larkspur

Citation

Citation Delphinium alabamicum Kral, Sida 6(4): 250–253, f. 2. 1976.
Basionym: **
Type: ALABAMA: Franklin Co.: limestone glade ca. 5 mi. s. of Russellville by US 43-Alabama 17, 26 May 1970. R. Kral 39113. (Lectotype: US; isotypes: AUA, C, MO, NY, PAC, TENN, UC, UNA, USAM, US(2)), VDB).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Butler, Clarke, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, St. Clair

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000034973 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22950
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0003582 Blount 16 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5317
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00058191 Blount 16 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
797
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000033391 Blount 16 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5317
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017747 Lawrence 27 May 1978 Kral, R.
61936
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0032470 Franklin 16 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6352
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128171 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16141
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000033945 Marengo 30 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2444
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128166 Etowah 6 May 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4471
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0011737 St. Clair 14 May 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6498
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0001044 Marengo 22 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6034
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00067276 Monroe 5 May 2006 Alfred Schotz
2006
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00014742 Lawrence 5 May 1889 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
AUA_ACC047038 Jefferson 3 JUN 1973 RANDLE, F. W.
55
AUA
DELPHINIUM ALABAMICUM KRAL
JSU128167 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16392
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0047791 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 England, J. Kevin
574
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017349 Franklin 26 Apr 2012 England, J. Kevin
3336
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0003585 Marengo 06 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2074
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0015184 Butler 17 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24028
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017822 Franklin 08 Jun 1981 Kral, R.
67392
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00061335 Franklin 18 May 2001 Alfred Schotz
1838
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000032333 Marengo 22 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
6034
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00061383 Franklin 26 May 1974 R. Kral
39113
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128172 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16199
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0003583 Blount 26 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4481
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
SAMF0001629 Franklin 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5116
SAMF
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
AUA_ACC066877 Monroe 5 MAY 2006 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
2006
AUA
DELPHINIUM ALABAMICUM KRAL
TROY000022447 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Brian R. Keener
2644
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
AUA_ACC056672 Lowndes 23 APR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5863
AUA
DELPHINIUM ALABAMICUM KRAL
AUA_ACC032238 Franklin 26 MAY 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
39113
AUA
DELPHINIUM ALABAMICUM KRAL
UNA00060740 Jefferson 17 May 2001 Alfred Schotz
1837
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00064153 Morgan 29 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4129
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128169 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16141
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0010735 Butler 14 Apr 2012 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
SAMF0001627 Blount 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5072
SAMF
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
AUA_ACC070511 Marengo 22 MAY 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6034
AUA
DELPHINIUM ALABAMICUM KRAL
UNA00030484 Montgomery 5 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2154
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000022446 Blount 16 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
797
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00063653 Dallas 13 Jun 2003 Alfred Schotz
1898
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000046162 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22216
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00064152 Morgan 29 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4129
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128170 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16141
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
NY00353298 Franklin 26 May 1970 Robert Kral
39113
NY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000039135 Montgomery 04 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25043
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00058450 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
825
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00014741 Perry 31 May 1876 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000044394 Franklin 16 May 2014 Brian R. Keener
8409
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
SAMF0002935 Franklin 23 May 1979 Kral, R.
63711
SAMF
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017737 Lawrence 27 May 1978 Kral, R.
61938
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
SAMF0001628 Franklin 26 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5156
SAMF
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
JSU128168 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16141
JSU
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00056745 Franklin 27 May 1989 Steven L. Timme
9587
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0031355 Franklin 13 May 2011 England, J. Kevin
2876
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000040976 St. Clair 14 May 2011 Brian R. Keener
6498
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0012049 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7327
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000037939 Butler 17 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24028
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
USAM000013379 Franklin 26 May 1970 Robert Kral
39113
USAM
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0011691 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7844
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0032534 Lawrence 14 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6325
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0002725 Marengo 30 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2444
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000035385 Butler 14 Apr 2012 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000040791 Clarke 24 May 2013 Brian R. Keener
7844
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017097 Franklin 16 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8409
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UNA00053857 Blount 13 Jun 1997 Brian R. Keener
206
UNA
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000033381 Etowah 02 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5235
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0017748 Franklin 23 May 1979 Kral, R.
63709
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0003584 Etowah 02 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5235
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
UWAL0032496 Lawrence 14 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6338
UWAL
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
TROY000032849 Marengo 06 May 2009 J. Kevin England
2074
TROY
Delphinium alabamicum Kral
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: