Aquilegia canadensis

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Aquilegia canadensis L.
Common Name:Red Columbine; Canadian Columbine; Eastern Columbine
Habitat:Open woods, along forest edges, on rock outcrops, on roadside banks, and around caves
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Eastern Columbine is a native herbaceous perennial in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is native to the northern third of Alabama with insolate populations in the southern half of the state. Eastern Columbine grows in open woods, along forest edges, on rock outcrops, on roadside banks, and around caves. It is a perennial from a woody rhizome. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate and twice ternately compound. Leaflets are obovate in outline, entire, and 3-lobed at the apex. Cauline leaves are alternate with the uppermost sessile and reduced in size. Flowering stems are erect, 1-3 feet tall and branched above the middle. The stems are round, green to red in color, and glabrous or pubescent. The inflorescences is a terminal 1-10-flowered cyme. Individual flowers are pendent with 5 red sepals and 5 petals. The petals have an erect red spur and yellow blade. The fruit is a follicle. Eastern Columbine is available from wildflower nurseries. In prefers a sunny to partial sunny site with well-draining soil. It is easily grown from seed, and will flower in the second year. Eastern Columbine flowers are visited by Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Aquilegia
Species Aquilegia canadensis L. - Red Columbine; Canadian Columbine; Eastern Columbine

Citation

Citation Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 533–534. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 699.7). Lectotypified by Munz, Gentes Herb. 7: 118. 1948.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aquilegia australis Aquilegia australis Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 466. 1898. USA: FLORIDA: Jackson Co.: Marianna, s.d., Chapman s.n. (syntype: NY).
Aquilegia canadensis var. australis Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus var. australis (Small) Munz, Gentes Herbarum 7(1): 122. 1946.Aquilegia australis Small 1898. 
Aquilegia canadensis var. coccinea    
Aquilegia coccinea    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marshall, Morgan, St. Clair, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1953 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_40003 Conecuh 23 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
131
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128037 Calhoun 16 Apr 1970 Sims, Janet D.
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_67650 DeKalb 29 Mar 2007 Shepherd, J.J.
1-13
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
AUA_ACC_20798 Colbert 2 Apr 1970 Black, Bryan W.
S.N.
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
AUA_ACC_50070 Lauderdale 9 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9363
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
AUA_ACC_14534 DeKalb 3 May 1969 Chitwood, John C.
S.N.
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128052 St. Clair 21 Apr 1956 Terry, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00030222 Marshall 06 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
957
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UNAF0001568 Lauderdale 12 Apr 1969 Cunningham, J.R.
s.n.
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0052157 Bibb 13 Jul 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10767
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis L. var. canadensis
UWAL0034644 Cleburne 23 Apr 1990 Kral, Robert
77359
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis L.
JSU128042 Cherokee 1 May 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1192
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0003691 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1835
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis L.
JSU138691 Marshall 18 Apr 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
7395
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128043 Cherokee 10 Mar 1992 Bailey, D.S.
20
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00031700 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9363
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
AUA_ACC_14080 Calhoun 23 Apr 1968 O'Neal, Judy
S.N.
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
AUA000038350 Morgan 3 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6072
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
UNA00030212 Conecuh 21 Mar 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
8826
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UWAL0032378 Limestone 09 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6169
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0015453 Colbert 15 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13721
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis L.
TROY000032836 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1835
TROY
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128055 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45201 Limestone 6 May 1979 Atchley, Cecil G.
132
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128051 Limestone 7 Mar 1996 Rogers, C.P.
011
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNAF0001563 Colbert 10 Oct 1989 Hammond, Kathryn
07243
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128050 Jackson 3 Apr 1986 Marlin, J.L.
071
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
USAM000013337 06 May 1976 Higgins, Charles
s.n.
USAM
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00045889 St. Clair 04 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
573
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
TROY000022966 Etowah 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4328
TROY
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128039 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
127
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000022400 Etowah 07 Apr 1992 Harris, Christy
49
TROY
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128053 22 Apr 1969 Haraway, D.
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNAF0001566 Morgan 05 Apr 1992 Graves, Frances
s.n.
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128048 Etowah 7 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1084
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128040 Calhoun 8 Apr 1954 Leath, Lewis T.
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00068826 Etowah 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4328
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UNAF0001567 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1972 Rutland, David
s.n.
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128044 Cleburne 28 Apr 1973 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128054 Talladega 11 Apr 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3548
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128038 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
127
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0032522 Colbert 19 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6385
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0003690 Etowah 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4328
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis L.
AUA_ACC_67616 Talladega 22 Apr 2007 Stewart, K.I.
1-26
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128049 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1193
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_14536 Lee 4 Apr 1969 Roberson, B.J.
20
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128046 DeKalb 14 May 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6037
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0032263 Morgan 03 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6072
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00028690 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9323
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
AUA000038351 Limestone 9 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6169
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
UWAL0031319 Lauderdale 17 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2791
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_72482 Colbert 15 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13721
AUA
Aquilegia Canadensis L.
JSU128045 Colbert 10 May 1969 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00030206 Colbert 12 Mar 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UWAL0032268 Lawrence 03 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6074
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000050826 Lauderdale 17 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2791
TROY
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
ALNHS00004933 Etowah 07 Apr 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#3168
ALNHS
Aquilegia canadensis L.
JSU128047 Etowah 7 Apr 1992 Fuller, Alison
10
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNAF0001565 Franklin 29 Apr 1997 Gibson, K.
s.n.
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0050925 DeKalb 26 Apr 1969 Vann, Sue
185
UWAL
Aquilegia canadensis
UNA00030217 Morgan 24 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
631
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
ALNHS00001044 Etowah 13 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#395
ALNHS
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UNA00030211 Lauderdale 14 Mar 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
UNAF0001564 Lauderdale 18 Jul 1992 Hart, Margaret
s.n.
UNAF
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128036 Calhoun 18 Apr 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10567
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU128041 Cherokee 1 Mar 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
7
JSU
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00030221 Autauga s.d. Smith, Dr. John
s.n.
UNA
Aquilegia canadensis L.
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