Lycopodiella alopecuroides

Family:LYCOPODIACEAE
Species:Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
Common Name:Foxtail Clubmoss; Foxtail Bog Clubmoss
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LYAL5
Plant Notes: Foxtail Clubmoss is a native herbaceous perennial in the Clubmoss family (Lycopodiaceae). Foxtail Clubmoss grows in seeps, bogs, and wet ditches. It can be found in the southern two-thirds of Alabama. The Clubmosses are not true mosses. They reproduce by forming spores, but have vascular tissue (xylem and phloem) not found in true mosses. Foxtail Clubmoss consists of an elongated creeping stem that arches over the ground, rooting where it comes into contact with the soil. The small triangular leaves are known as microphylls. They have a single unbranched strand of vascular tissue (vein). The microphylls are spirally arranged on the stem, but are best developed on the upper side of the stem. The spores are produced in an upright club shaped structure known as a strobilus. The spores have a waxy coating and are highly flammable. They have been used as flash powder for photography and in theater performances. Foxtail Clubmoss often grows with two other closely related species-- Southern Clubmoss (Lycopodiella appressa (Chapman) Cranfill) and Prostrate Bog Clubmoss (Lycopodiella prostrata (R.M. Harper) Cranfill). Hybrids are frequent-- Bruce's Clubmoss (Lycopodiella ×brucei Cranfill) results from a cross of Foxtail Clubmoss and Prostrate Bog Clubmoss, and Copeland's Clubmoss (Lycopodiella ×copelandii (Eiger) Cranfill) results from a cross of Foxtail Clubmoss and Southern Clubmoss. Foxtail Clubmoss can be grown in a bog garden or terrarium. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYCOPODIACEAE - Clubmoss family
Genus Lycopodiella
Species Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill - Foxtail Clubmoss; Foxtail Bog Clubmoss

Citation

Citation LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (Linnaeus) Cranfill, Amer. Fern J. 71: 97. 1981.
Basionym: Lycopodium alopecuroides Linnaeus 1753.
Type: "Virginia, Canada": Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1257.7). Lectotypified by Ollgaard, Biol. Skr. 34: 30. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lepidotis alopecuroides Lepidotis alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Rothmaler, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 66. 1944.Lycopodium alopecuroides Linnaeus 1753. 
Lycopodiella matthewsii Lycopodiella matthewsii (Hooker) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 441. 1983.Lycopodium matthewsii Hooker 1836. 
Lycopodium inundatum var. alopecuroides Lycopodium inundatum Linnaeus, var. alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Tuckerman, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 47. 1843.Lycopodium alopecuroides Linnaeus 1753. 
Lycopodium matthewsii Lycopodium matthewsii Hooker, Icon. Pl. 1: t. 26. 1836. PERU: Amazonas: Bagazan, s.d., Matthews 1778 (holotype: K).
Lycopodium alopecuroides Lycopodium alopecuroides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1102. 1753. "Virginia, Canada": Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1257.7). Lectotypified by Ollgaard, Biol. Skr. 34: 30. 1989.
Plananthus alopecuroides Plananthus alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Prodr. Aethéogam. 111. 1805.Lycopodium alopecuroides Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000030708 Baldwin 02 Jun 1976 Jack W. Short
607
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00051094 Baldwin 02 Jun 1976 John W. Short
607
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
JSU108655 Macon 02 Nov 1977 J. L. Glick
s.n.
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
USAM000000137 Mobile 25 Oct 1966 Michel G. Lelong
4055
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
26992 Lee 19 JUL 1966 BRELAND, MILTON
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0039969 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
33
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001096 Covington 19 Oct 2004 Kral, R.
95816
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
UNAF0000881 Colbert 02 Sep 1985 Stell, Sissy
s.n.
UNAF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000013279 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000034211 Conecuh 27 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22662
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
71956 Escambia 21 OCT 1982 SHORT, JOHN W.
1301
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0018847 Monroe 03 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86325
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
JSU108654 Etowah 31 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2953
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000033602 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Bailee Dykes
57
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000014531 Covington 19 Oct 2004 Robert Kral
95816
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
14985 Coosa 15 DEC 1969 ANONYMOUS
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0001099 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3164
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
UNA00066911 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3164
UNA
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00051070 Baldwin 11 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
JSU108653 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001092 Butler 25 Jun 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20834
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
11311 Macon 20 JUL 1967 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
JSU108659 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18720
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000000226 Clarke 01 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16990
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0011477 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0957
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
TROY000038180 Barbour 02 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24413
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
AMAL00009100 Dallas 06 Aug 2004 A.R. Diamond
14572
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
60416 Pike 8 JUL 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10391
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000000238 Pike 11 Oct 2006 Dustin C. Merritt
51
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000030710 Macon 02 Nov 1977 J.I. Glick
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
SAMF0006120 Escambia 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4384
SAMF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00055896 Tuscaloosa 02 Mar 1959 J. W. Cliburn
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
UNA00051095 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
41557 Conecuh 4 NOV 1984 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
207
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000000227 Coffee 07 Jun 2000 Brian H. Martin
742
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000030709 Clarke 14 Sep 1976 Robert W Pierce
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001100 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3026
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
31563 Clarke 14 SEP 1976 PIERCE, ROBERT W.
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
AMAL00012651 Baldwin 28 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12367
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
57346 Mobile 2 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
597
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000000247 Covington 07 Sep 2002 Kenneth Thomason
3
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
AMAL00010679 Conecuh 28 Aug 2004 A.R. Diamond
14637
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00060336 Mobile 21 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8068
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
USAM000000134 Mobile 3 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6808
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001098 Mobile 14 Aug 1927 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
TROY000044141 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Cameron Byrd
33
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
SAMF0006121 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4369
SAMF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00051102 Sumter 18 Jul 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
UNA00057539 Greene 25 Jul 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
64300 Conecuh 28 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14637
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
AMAL00007726 Pike 08 Nov 2002 Wes Edmonds
18
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
TROY000000229 Conecuh 28 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14637
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
69398 Covington 5 MAR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3631
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000000235 Dallas 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14572
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
19320 Escambia 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
489
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000013582 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3164
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000030114 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3631
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
AMAL00016791 Butler 25 Jun 2009 A.R. Diamond
20834
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00060319 Baldwin 16 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8051
UNA
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
USAM000000136 Mobile 3 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6808
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001097 Mobile 14 Aug 1927 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
72404 Baldwin 18 JUN 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-509
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
AMAL00005399 Baldwin 08 Aug 1953 J.S. White
s.n.
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00055897 Mobile _-_-1878 Charles Mohr
51
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
UNA00057538 Washington 19 Aug 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
54488 Covington 23 DEC 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9476
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0018654 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, R.
83239
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
53224 Dale 16 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7658
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
69513 Covington 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3508
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
JSU108657 Russell 27 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62170
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0033843 Autauga 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8649
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000000231 Covington 03 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11759
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000030544 Crenshaw 12 May 1967 C. Benton
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
AMAL00005400 Butler 20 Dec 2001 A.R. Diamond
12840
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
35204 Macon 28 OCT 1977 GLICK, J. I.
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0001094 Baldwin 28 Aug 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12367
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
UNA00062960 Dallas 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14572
UNA
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
TROY000000233 Crenshaw 12 May 1967 W. M. Reed
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00064827 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3026
UNA
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00051105 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
11
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
JSU108656 Mobile 16 May 1974 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000000225 Butler 20 Dec 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12840
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
34406 Covington 5 OCT 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
AMAL00012969 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3164
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
USAM000000133 Baldwin 22 Aug 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10947
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0003118 Barbour 28 Sep 2010 Dykes, Bailee
0004
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
46923 Escambia 22 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
96
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
AMAL00016349 Clarke 01 Oct 2006 A.R. Diamond
16990
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
47566 Escambia 7 NOV 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3754
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000000236 Escambia 04 Feb 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
2
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
SAMF0006122 Sumter 25 Jul 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3512
SAMF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00063593 Conecuh 28 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14637
UNA
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
TROY000000234 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1150
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00051104 Covington 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
587
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
JSU108658 Washington 01 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
347
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
TROY000000230 Covington 19 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14501
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
36849 Baldwin 25 JUL 1974 BRUCE, JAMES G.
74052
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
SAMF0006123 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
47
SAMF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0006331 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69617
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
JSU108652 Baldwin 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15252
JSU
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0009674 Conecuh 27 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22662
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
64734 Mobile 5 JUL 1974 TAYLOR, JOHN
16468
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000013280 Butler 06 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18030
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
63729 Dallas 6 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14572
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
TROY000032914 Barbour 28 Sep 2010 Bailee Dykes
4
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
AMAL00016663 Covington 19 Oct 2004 R. Kral
95816
AMAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
TROY000030711 Mobile 02 Jun 1976 Jack W. Short
597
TROY
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UNA00051099 Baldwin 08 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
UNA00023519 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9467
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
USAM000000156 Mobile 22 Oct 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4891
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0001095 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Hansen, C.J.
3631
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
UWAL0001093 Butler 12 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20290
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill.
UNAF0000880 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 Landers, K.E.
s.n.
UNAF
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0030419 Bibb 07 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5568
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
USAM000015668 Mobile 9 Aug 1984 Ginger Box
44373
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
57232 Baldwin 2 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
607
AUA
LYCOPODIELLA ALOPECUROIDES (L.) CRANFILL
UWAL0012781 Baldwin 24 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
0719
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
UNA00060401 Baldwin 25 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8077
UNA
Lycopodium alopecuroides L.
USAM000000135 Mobile 3 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6808
USAM
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (Linnaeus) Cranfill
UWAL0034606 Choctaw 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85381
UWAL
Lycopodiella alopecuroides (L.) Cranfill
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