Claytonia virginica

Family:MONTIACEAE
Species:Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Spring Beauty; Eastern Spring Beauty
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Spring Beauty is a native perennial herb in the Spring Beauty Family (Montiaceae). It is found most commonly in the northern half of Alabama, with scattered locations in south Alabama. It appears to be absent from the Wiregrass Region on southeast Alabama. Virginia Spring Beauty can be found in lawns, on roadsides, in wetlands, in moist woods, in prairies, and in pastures. It is a perennial with a globose corm or tuber. The basal leaves are petiolate, linear, glabrous, with entire margins. The cauline leaves are sessile and linear. Flowers are produced in racemes. The racemes have 6-20 pedicellate flowers. The flowers have 2 leaf-like sepals and 5 white to pink petals. The petals are striped with dark pink/lavender. The fruit is a 3-valved capsule with shiny, smooth seeds bearing an elaisome. Virginia Spring Beauty is one of two species of Claytonia that occur in Alabama. The second species, Carolina Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana Michaux), has only been documented in the extreme northeast counties of Alabama. It has shorter, wider leaves. Virginia Spring Beauty is one of our earliest flowering wildflowers, and often creates spectacular displays in woodlands, fields, lawns, and roadsides. The flower color ranges from white with pink stripes, through deep pink. The flowers only open when the sun is shining, and close at night and on rainy days. Several varieties with different chromosome numbers have been described, and polyploidy is common.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMONTIACEAE - Spring Beauty Family family
Genus Claytonia
Species Claytonia virginica Linnaeus - Virginia Spring Beauty; Eastern Spring Beauty

Citation

Citation Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica, Sp. Pl. 1: 204. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Claytonia media    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1934 - 1988

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0031465 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5919
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. acutiflora AP de Candolle
UNA00047567 Madison 27 Mar 1975 Simmers, Richard W.
2811
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
SAMF0003726 Jefferson 27 Mar 1990 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2703
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00054190 Lamar 08 Apr 2001 Haynes, Robert R.
10085
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000033206 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21213
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0039052 Cullman 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9973
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. acutiflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU133620 Jackson 9 Mar 1968 Stuart, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46346 Lawrence 15 Apr 1978 Lamb, Trip
75
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033341 Tuscaloosa 16 Feb 1959 Williamson, Nelda Kathleen
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC_63208 St. Clair 28 Mar 2003 Umphrey, Shane
10
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133622 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
375
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65514 Lee 14 Mar 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1714
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033302 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1959 Edwards, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133644 Walker 18 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9399
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA000036711 Montgomery 18 Feb 2018 Birkhead, Roger
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00064798 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2727
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133637 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16207
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037273 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23845
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005916 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5110
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133640 Talladega 3 Apr 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1360
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003734 Marengo 01 Apr 1962 Ingram, Dianne
43
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033303 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1955 Farmer, Joe A.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133639 Talladega 11 Mar 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037996 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23805
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133634 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 House, Russell
8
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_47108 Talladega 1 Apr 1978 Frank, Tim R.
23
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00053704 Blount 14 Mar 1997 Keener, Brian R.
26
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005914 Elmore 22 Feb 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17290
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133632 Marshall 19 Mar 1980 Allred, S.
013
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0013961 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23805
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133609 Calhoun 26 Apr 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1552
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25168 Talladega 3 Mar 1973 Redmond, Bill
65
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033331 Hale 22 Mar 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
SAMF0003732 Jefferson 21 Mar 1955 Wade, Albert
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWFP015215 Escambia 25 Mar 2007 James R. Burkhalter
21327
UWFP
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133615 Etowah 30 Mar 1996 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4432
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20912 Lauderdale 28 Mar 1970 Black, Bryan W.
S.N.
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0031214 Pickens 26 Mar 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8688
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0050853 Jefferson 09 Mar 1966 Blackwell, Lula Rose
156
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005915 Jefferson 28 Mar 1980 Kral, Robert
66752
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
UNA00033313 Calhoun 02 Apr 1954 Sherman, Harry
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000037369 Bullock 12 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23799
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0009864 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7015
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU143998 Calhoun 19 Mar 1968 Stuart, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25923 Franklin 16 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
23585
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033307 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9369
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
ALNHS00002746 Colbert 3 Apr 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-268
ALNHS
Claytonia virginica L. var. acutiflora A.P. de Candolle
AUA_ACC_19544 Lee 11 Apr 1969 Moore, Harold D.
67-69
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133618 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
375
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_61942 Choctaw 4 Mar 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1329
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0014845 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1511
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133627 Marshall 10 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1541
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_62614 Lauderdale 29 Mar 2003 Hudson, E.K.
7
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00054261 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1850
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133614 Cullman 31 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7906
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000043411 Lowndes 08 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26000
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005917 Lawrence 15 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1604
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC_32141 St. Clair 29 Mar 1978 Owsley, M.
509
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133641 Talladega 7 Mar 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1307
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037083 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1511
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033366 Madison 04 Apr 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
299
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
ALNHS00004875 Elmore 22 Mar 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
YLW-85
ALNHS
Claytonia virginica L. var. acutiflora DC.
AUA_ACC_16940 Montgomery 29 Apr 1969 Freeman, John D.
676
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133603 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1850
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000039488 Elmore 03 Mar 2012 Pullen, Robert
325
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033312 Jefferson 04 Apr 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
8877
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133629 Lauderdale 23 Mar 1967 Frutiger, John
6
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003733 Blount 04 Mar 1956 Avery, J.C.
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00066628 Elmore 22 Feb 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17290
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000022954 Tallapoosa 27 Mar 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
481
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005913 Marengo 13 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1594
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133630 Lawrence 21 Mar 1992 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
053
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_2158 Lauderdale 15 Mar 1955 Burch, Jack
S.N.
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0036808 Marion 11 Apr 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9982
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133646 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_14092 Calhoun 19 Mar 1968 O'Neal, Judy
S.N.
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133626 Marshall 26 Feb 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1085
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0006721 Colbert 17 Mar 2017 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6485
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033376 Tuscaloosa 16 Feb 1975 Frye, Susan Ulmer
37
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133636 Randolph 1 Mar 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
2093
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_41033 Macon 25 Feb 1986 Freeman, John D.
S.N.
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133607 Calhoun 2 Feb 1956 Jones, Marion
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003730 Bibb 03 Apr 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2820
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0046782 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
356
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133621 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
953
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0037639 Limestone 03 Apr 2018 England, J. Kevin
8917
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica
SAMF0006877 Shelby 12 Mar 2019 Hatcher, Joy
41
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA000043795 Madison 6 Mar 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7832
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133623 Jefferson 18 Mar 1979 Christian, Elizabeth
018
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037402 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23832
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0030242 Lowndes 08 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26000
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133645 Limestone 1 Mar 1996 Hofmann, Tim L.
00171
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_50058 Lauderdale 9 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9369
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133613 Colbert 11 Mar 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133638 Talladega 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1417
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0033893 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9427
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133635 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7760
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_53626 Talladega 9 Mar 1994 Hilton, Jarel L.
149
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0052536 Bibb 16 Mar 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11013
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133619 Jackson 28 Mar 1975 Whetstone, R. David
7661
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_62100 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1850
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033381 Madison 14 Mar 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
32
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005921 Marengo 13 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133611 Cherokee 9 Apr 1972 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1180
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005918 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1853
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133625 Marshall 8 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1127
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_39385 Lowndes 7 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
355
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033336 Lawrence 09 Apr 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6453
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
ALNHS00000430 Dallas 29 Mar 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-172
ALNHS
Claytonia virginica L. var. acutiflora DC.
SAMF0003729 Shelby 20 Feb 2009 Burns, Kelly L.
3
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133604 Calhoun 22 Apr 1970 Borden, Morris
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_61943 Choctaw 31 Mar 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1356
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0009809 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6947
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133605 Calhoun 8 Apr 1970 Sims, Janet D.
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45205 Macon 20 Apr 1979 Creswell, Tommy
102
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033356 Jefferson 01 Apr 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
290
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133617 Franklin 3 Apr 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8145
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000029401 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5110
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0013025 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23845
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00060647 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1964 Williams, James D.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
SAMF0007622 Jefferson 21 Mar 2021 Thompson, Madelyn
18
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45206 Jefferson 15 Apr 1979 Gilchrist, Scott M.
32
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133633 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Hruska, Susan E.
9
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003735 Jefferson 20 Mar 1957 Helms, Peggy
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033351 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1955 Farmer, Joe A.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133608 Calhoun 11 Mar 1955 Lowery, John
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_16948 Montgomery 15 Apr 1969 Freeman, John D.
644
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033386 Dallas 11 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
1937
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005920 Sumter 02 Mar 2004 Neal, Tamara M.
8
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133642 Talladega 2 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1168
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005919 Sumter 02 Apr 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133610 Cherokee 24 Mar 1984 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003728 Jefferson 27 Mar 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2622
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_21883 Fayette 11 Apr 1970 Rush, Larry
.027
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033361 Greene 17 Mar 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
T 932
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
SAMF0003727 Jefferson 10 Mar 2001 White, Janet F.
14
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0009836 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6898
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133631 Limestone 1 Feb 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00225
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_67626 Limestone 31 Mar 2007 Harris, E.D.
SN
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0033642 St. Clair 17 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9373
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133628 Lauderdale 5 May 1973 Langley, Andrea E.
098
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003731 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5018
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00058616 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2484
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033391 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033332 Tuscaloosa s.d. Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000044768 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
356
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033371 Greene 08 Apr 1934 Harper, Roland M.
3156
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133612 Cleburne 25 Apr 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_14886 Lee 20 Mar 1969 Sheldon, Joe
19.22
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033346 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 1964 Yeuell, Jane
2
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA000043752 Madison 13 Mar 2018 Swick, E.N.
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133606 Calhoun 16 Mar 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
108
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_25178 Calhoun 15 Apr 1972 Redmond, Bill
18
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UNA00033326 Tuscaloosa 27 Mar 1963 Heath, Joe E.
7
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133643 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8063
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0006888 Jefferson 20 Mar 2019 Thompson, Hannah
30
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA000037760 Calhoun 26 Mar 2016 Pruitt, S.
17
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
JSU133616 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1222
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_72755 Jackson 19 Mar 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-61
AUA
Claytonia Virginica L.
UWAL0032322 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6113
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica
JSU133624 Jefferson 1 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1276
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
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