Ipomopsis rubra

Family:POLEMONIACEAE
Species:Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
Common Name:Standing Cypress; Scarlet Gilia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:IPRU2
Plant Notes:Standing Cypress is an herbaceous biennial (requires two years to complete its life cycle) in the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae). It is found in the southern half of Alabama on the thin soils of limestone prairies and on sandhills. After germination, the plants spend one year as a one to two inch tall stem. Then in the second year they elongate and flower. The plant has a tap root system, and can grow to a height of six feet. Typically, plants have a single unbranched stem unless damaged. The stems are green in color and pubescent. They have alternate, pinnately dissected leaves. The segments of the leaves are filiform. Flowers are produced in slender terminal panicles. The panicles are elongate and may be ¼ to 1/3 of the total plant height. The flowers are salverform and bright red in color. They begin to open at the top of the inflorescence and progress downwards. The flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and hawk moths. The fruit is a capsule containing many seed. The plant dies when the seed are mature. Standing Cypress does not transplant well, but is easy to grow from seed. It needs an area with excellent drainage and full sun. Plants are subject to root rot in poorly draining soils. Plant the seed in the autumn and only lightly cover them. Mark the spot so you will know to look for seedlings. If plants are grown in areas that have rich soils, or in areas without proper light they will tend to want to fall over and will have to be staked. Seed are available from many wildflower seed companies. Since the plants are biennials, plant a few each year to make sure you have some plants in flower each summer.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G4G5IPRU2 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOLEMONIACEAE - Phlox or Jacob's-Ladder family
Genus Ipomopsis
Species Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry - Standing Cypress; Scarlet Gilia

Citation

Citation IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (Linnaeus) Wherry, Bartonia 18: 56. 1936.
Basionym: Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: t. 241(312). 1732). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis, Order out of Chaos 593, 754. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cantua floridana Cantua floridana Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 110. 1834. FLORIDA
Cantua rubra Cantua rubra (Linnaeus) Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult. 2: 185. 1802.Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 
Cantua coronopifolia Cantua coronopifolia Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 1: 879. 1798, nom. illegit. Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753.  
Ipomeria coronopifolia Ipomeria coronopifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 124. 1818, nom. illegit.Cantua coronopifolia Willdenow 1798, nom. illegit.; Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ipomoea rubra Ipomoea rubra (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 13. 171. 1774. Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753.  
Ipomopsis elegans Ipomopsis elegans Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 142. 1803, nom. illegit.Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 
Navarretia rubra Navarretia rubra (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 433. 1891.Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 
Polemonium rubrum Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 162. 1753. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: t. 241(312). 1732). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis, Order out of Chaos 593, 754. 2007.
Gilia coronopifolia Gilia coronopifolia Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 187. 1805, nom. illegit.Cantua coronopifolia Willdenow 1798, nom. illegit.; Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 
Gilia rubra Gilia rubra (Linnaeus) A. Heller, Bot. Explor. S. Taxas 81. 1895.Polemonium rubrum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Calhoun, Chilton, Henry, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Pike, Russell, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
5872 Russell 26 JUN 1968 JORDAN, JR., R.
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
USAM000012840 Mobile 09 Oct 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5618
USAM
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
65200 Chilton 27 JUL 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15618
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
UNA00057745 Bibb 29 May 1992 James R. Allison
6665
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0013423 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4289
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
34123 Bibb 24 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1444
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
22422 Bullock 18 JUN 1972 PULLEN, S. B.
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
JSU142082 Calhoun 11 Aug 1994 J. M. Ballard
4340
JSU
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
SAMF0003882 Sumter 25 Jul 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3495
SAMF
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
UNA00064548 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15618
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0012109 Calhoun 08 Jul 2013 Davenport, L.J.
5519
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
TROY000007782 Pike 16 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13311
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
57553 Sumter 18 MAY 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
50106
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
TROY000035554 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
882
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
SAMF0003884 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5210
SAMF
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
TROY000044884 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 J. Kevin England
4289
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
UWAL0005705 Sumter 21 May 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UNA00039070 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
461
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0005708 Sumter 11 Jul 1995 Cooper, Jennifer
B-086
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0009716 Sumter 26 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6048
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
TROY000022122 Sumter 18 Jun 2005 Robert Kral
96587
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
48753 Henry 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5263
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
UNA00066915 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3171
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UNA00055996 Bullock 27 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11489
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
SAMF0003883 Calhoun 08 Jul 2013 Davenport, L. J.
5519
SAMF
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
13690 Baldwin 6 AUG 1967 THOMPSON, OLIVIA C.
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
34016 Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1271
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
JSU142083 Calhoun 11 Aug 1994 J. M. Ballard
4340
JSU
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
TROY000022121 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15618
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
SAMF0006768 Bibb 20 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6385
SAMF
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
57578 Mobile 15 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51318
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
UNA00039073 Bibb 06 Jun 1980 Sidney McDaniel
23913
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
USAM000012839 Bibb 29 May 1970 Robert Kral
39307
USAM
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
5873 Russell 22 JUN 1968 ESTRIDGE, RON
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
UNA00039067 Sumter 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1751
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
57574 Bibb 21 MAY 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
50256
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
TROY000036671 Sumter 26 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
6048
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
30843 Lee 29 JUL 1972 OWEN, J. T.
001A
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
SAMF0003885 Bibb 24 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5241
SAMF
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
JSU142081 Bibb 29 May 1970 R. Kral
39307
JSU
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
UWAL0005707 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 White, James E.
B-143
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0005709 Sumter 07 Oct 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-085
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
TROY000022123 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3171
TROY
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
UWAL0005706 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3171
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
UWAL0011475 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
s.n.
UWAL
Ipomopsis rubra (Linnaeus) Wherry
51599 Pike 1 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7544
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
51971 Bullock 18 JUL 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8730
AUA
IPOMOPSIS RUBRA (L.) WHERRY
UNA00039072 Autauga s.d. Dr. John Smith
s.n.
UNA
Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
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