Papaver somniferum

Family:PAPAVERACEAE
Species:Papaver somniferum Linnaeus
Common Name:Opium Poppy
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PASO2
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPAPAVERACEAE - Poppy family
Genus Papaver
Species Papaver somniferum Linnaeus - Opium Poppy

Citation

Citation PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 508. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 669.8). Lectotypified by Jafri & Qaiser, in Nasir & Ali, Fl. W. Pakistan 61: 20. 1974.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Papaver album Papaver album Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 129. 1763, nom. illegit.Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver album Papaver album Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768, non Crantz 1763.  
Papaver amoenum Papaver amoenum Lindley, Edwards's Bot. Reg. 25(Misc.): 56. 1839. INDIA
Papaver amplexicaule Papaver amplexicaule Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 181. 1812, nom. illegit.Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver amplexicaule var. album Papaver amplexicaule Stokes, var. album (Miller) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 192. 1812.Papaver album Miller 1768. 
Papaver amplexicaule var. nigrum Papaver amplexicaule Stokes, var. nigrum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 191. 1812.  
Papaver hortense Papaver hortense Hussenot, Chard. Nanc. 39. 1835.  
Papaver indehiscens Papaver indehiscens Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 130. 1827. BELGIUM
Papaver nigrum Papaver nigrum Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 129. 1763, nom. illegit.Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver officinale Papaver officinale C. Gmelin, Fl. Bad. 2: 479. 1806, nom. illegit.Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver polycephalum Papaver polycephalum Vilmorin, Fl. Pleine Terre 594. 1863.  
Papaver setigerum var. hortense Papaver setigerum de Candolle, var. hortense (Hussenot) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 152. 1893.Papaver hortense Hussenot 1835. 
Papaver silvestre Papaver silvestre Godron, Mém. Soc. Emul. Coubs, ser. 2. 5: 23. 1854. FRANCE
Papaver somniferum var. album Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. album de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 82. 1821.  
Papaver somniferum var. glabrum Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. glabrum Boissier, Fl. Orient. 1: 116. 1867.  
Papaver somniferum var. griseum Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. griseum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 228. 1866.  
Papaver somniferum var. laciniatum Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. laciniatum Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 3: t. 17(4481). 1838-1839.  
Papaver somniferum var. nigrum Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. nigrum de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 82. 1821.  
Papaver somniferum var. officinale Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. officinale Cosson & Germain de Saint- Pierre, Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2. 93. 1861. nom. inadmiss.Papaver officinale C. Gmelin 1806, nom. illegit.; Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver somniferum var. poecilospermum Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, var. poecilospermum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 228. 1866  
Papaver soporiferum Papaver soporiferum Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 349. 1914, nom. illegit.Papaver somniferum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Lee

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
59061AUA_ACC Lee 20 APR 1999 COFFEY, KRISTA
13
AUA
PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L.
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