Papaver rhoeas

Family:PAPAVERACEAE
Species:Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
Common Name:Corn Poppy; Field Poppy; Red Poppy
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PARH2
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPAPAVERACEAE - Poppy family
Genus Papaver
Species Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus - Corn Poppy; Field Poppy; Red Poppy

Citation

Citation PAPAVER RHOEAS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 507. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 669.6). Lectotypified by Jonsell & C. E. Jarvis, Nordic J. Bot. 14: 162. 1994.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Papaver aegadicum Papaver aegadicum Lojacono, Malpighia 20: 109. 1906. ITALY
Papaver agrivagum Papaver agrivagum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 464. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver ameristophyllum Papaver ameristophyllum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 308. 1909.  
Papaver arvaticum Papaver arvaticum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 463. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver arvense Papaver arvense Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 376. 1796, nom. illegit.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver caespitosum Papaver caespitosum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 302. 1909. SPAIN
Papaver caudatifolium Papaver caudatifolium Timbal-Lagrave, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 4: 163. 1870.  
Papaver caudatifolium var. agrivagum Papaver caudatifolium Timbal-Lagrave, var. agrivagum (Jordan) Rouy & Foucaud, F. France 1: 155. 1893.Papaver agrivagum Jordan 1861. 
Papaver caudatifolium var. cruciatum Papaver caudatifolium Timbal-Lagrave, var. cruciatum (Jordan) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 155. 1893.Papaver cruciatum Jordan 1861. 
Papaver cereale Papaver cereale Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 464. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver commutatum Papaver commutatum Fischer et al., Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 4: 41. 1838.  
Papaver commutatum var. angustilobum Papaver commutatum Fischer et al., var. angustilobum Fedde & Bornmüller ex Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 312. 1909. TURKEY
Papaver commutatum var. minimum Papaver commutatum Fischer et al., var. minimum K. Koch, Linnaea 15: 250. 1841.  
Papaver cruciatum Papaver cruciatum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 465. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver dodonei Papaver dodonei Timbal-Lagrave, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 4: 161. 1870.  
Papaver erraticum Papaver erraticum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 463. 1861, non Gray 1821. FRANCE
Papaver erraticum Papaver erraticum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 705. 1821, nom. illegit.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver erucifolium Papaver erucifolium Timbal-Lagrave, in Lucante, Rev. Bot. 10: 36. 1892.  
Papaver fuchsii Papaver fuchsii Timbal-Lagrave, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 4: 162. 1870.  
Papaver hookeri Papaver hookeri Baker ex Hooker f., Bot. Mag. 109: t. 6729. 1883.  
Papaver humile Papaver humile Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 446. 1905.  
Papaver insignitum Papaver insignitum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 462. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver intermedium Papaver intermedium Becker, Fl. Frankfurt 1: 386. 1827. GERMANY
Papaver intermedium var. arvaticum Papaver intermedium Becker, var. arvaticum (Jordan) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 156. 1893.Papaver arvaticum Jordan 1861. 
Papaver intermedium var. erraticum Papaver intermedium Becker, var. erraticum Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 155. 1893.Papaver erraticum Jordan 1861, non Gray 1821. 
Papaver intermedium var. erucifolium Papaver intermedium Becker, var. erucifolium (Timbal-Lagrave) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 154. 1893.Papaver erucifolium Timbal-Lagrave 1892.  
Papaver intermedium var. segetale Papaver intermedium Becker, var. segetale (Schimper & Spenner) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 155. 1893.Papaver segetale Schimper & Spenner 1829. 
Papaver intermedium var. triglyphum Papaver intermedium Becker, var. triglyphum Fedde, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 45: 230. 1903.  
Papaver nothum Papaver nothum Steven ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 24. 1878.  
Papaver obtusifolium var. minus Papaver obtusifolium Desfontaines, var. minus Moris, Fl. Sardoa 1: 76. 1837.  
Papaver rapiferum Papaver rapiferum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 302. 1909.  
Papaver rhoeas subsp. humile Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, subsp. humile (Fedde) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus 83. 1914.Papaver humile Fedde 1905. 
Papaver rhoeas subsp. strigosum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, subsp. strigosum (Boenninghausen) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 111: 46. 1977.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. strigosum Boenninghausen 1824. 
Papaver rhoeas var. agrivagum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. agrivagum (Jordan) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 433. 1892.Papaver agrivagum Jordan 1861. 
Papaver rhoeas var. albomarginatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. albomarginatum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. caudatifolium Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. caudatifolium (Timbal-Lagrave) Fedde, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 45: 230. 1903.Papaver caudatifolium Timbal-Lagrave 1870. 
Papaver rhoeas var. commutatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. commutatum (Fischer et al.) Elkan, Tent. Monogr. Papaver 28. 1839.Papaver commutatum Fischer et al. 1838. 
Papaver rhoeas var. cornutii Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. cornutii H. Hoffmann ex Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. cruciatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. cruciatum (Jordan) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 299. 1909.Papaver cruciatum Jordan 1861. 
Papaver rhoeas var. dodonei Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. dodonei (Timbal-Lagrave) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 299. 1909.Papaver dodonei Timbal-Lagrave 1870. 
Papaver rhoeas var. erythrotrichum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. erythrotrichum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 300. 1909. SWITZERLAND
Papaver rhoeas var. genuinum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. genuinum Elkan, Tent. Monogr. Papaver 25. 1839, nom. inadmiss.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver rhoeas var. glabellum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. glabellum Elkan, Tent. Monogr. Papaver 18. 1839.  
Papaver rhoeas var. glabrum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. glabrum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 300. 1909. SERBIA
Papaver rhoeas var. hoffmannianum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. hoffmannianum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. hookeri Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. hookeri (Baker ex Hooker f.) Fedde, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 45: 230. 1903.Papaver hookeri Baker ex Hooker f. 1883. 
Papaver rhoeas var. immaculatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. immaculatum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. intermedium Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. intermedium (Becker) Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Plat. entr. 62. 1876.Papaver intermedium Becker 1827. 
Papaver rhoeas var. laciniatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. laciniatum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. laevigatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. laevigatum Spenner ex Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. leucanthum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. leucanthum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 299. 1909. NETHERLANDS
Papaver rhoeas var. multifidum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. multifidum (Kuntze) Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 299. 1909.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, forma multifidum Kuntze 1887. 
Papaver rhoeas var. normale Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. normale Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 158. 1887, nom. inadmiss.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver rhoeas var. oblongatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. oblongatum Boissier, Fl. Orient. 1: 113. 1867. SYRIA: Near Sidona, s.d., Blanche s.n. (holotype: G).
Papaver rhoeas var. omphalophorum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. omphalophorum Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 169. 1909. GERMANY
Papaver rhoeas var. pallidum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. pallidum Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 1: 58. 1848. FRANCE
Papaver rhoeas var. pseudoerosulum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. pseudoerosulum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 301. 1909. SPAIN
Papaver rhoeas var. roseum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. roseum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. roubiaei Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. roubiaei (Viguier) H. Hoffmann, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 32: 265. 1874.Papaver roubiaei Viguier 1814. 
Papaver rhoeas var. rubromarginatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. rubromarginatum Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 161. 1887.  
Papaver rhoeas var. rumelicum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. rumelicum (Velenovsky) Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 169. 1905.Papaver rumelicum Velenovsky 1891. 
Papaver rhoeas var. strigosum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. strigosum Boenninghausen, Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal. 157. 1824. GERMANY
Papaver rhoeas var. subbipinnatifidum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. subbipinnatifidum (Kuntze) Fedde, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 45: 229. 1903.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, forma subbipinnatifidum Kuntze 1887. 
Papaver rhoeas var. subfruticosum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. subfruticosum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 301. 1909.  
Papaver rhoeas var. subintegrum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. subintegrum Willkomm & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 872. 1880. SPAIN
Papaver rhoeas var. trifidum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. trifidum (Kuntze) Fedde, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 45: 230. 1903.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, forma trifidum Kuntze 1887. 
Papaver rhoeas var. trilobum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. trilobum (Wallroth) Spenner ex Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 159. 1887.Papaver trilobum Wallroth 1815. 
Papaver rhoeas var. tuberculiferum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus. var. tuberculiferum Fedde & Bornmueller ex Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 300. 1909.  
Papaver rhoeas var. typicum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. typicum Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 433. 1890, nom. inadmiss.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753.  
Papaver rhoeas var. umbilicosubstipitatum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. umbilicosubstipitatum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 300. 1909.  
Papaver rhoeas var. vestitum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. vestitum Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 1: 58. 1848. FRANCE
Papaver rhoeas var. violaceum Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. violaceum Brébisson, Fl. Normandie, ed. 5. 18. 1879. FRANCE
Papaver roubiaei Papaver roubiaei Viguier, Hist. Nat. Pavots 39. 1814. FRANCE
Papaver rumelicum Papaver rumelicum Velenovsky, Fl. Bulg. 17. 1891. BULGARIA
Papaver rusticum Papaver rusticum Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 467. 1861. FRANCE
Papaver schelkovnikovii Papaver schelkovnikovii Busch, Izv. Kavkazsk. Mus. 4: 40. 1908.  
Papaver schweinfurthii Papaver schweinfurthii Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 307. 1909. TUNISIA
Papaver segetale Papaver segetale Schimper & Spenner, in Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 979. 1829.  
Papaver segetale var. rhoeas Papaver segetale Schimper & Spenner, var. rhoeas (Linnaeus) Schimper & Spenner, in Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 479. 1829.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus 1753. 
Papaver strigosum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15: 66. 1877.Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. strigosum Boenninghausen 1824. 
Papaver strigosum var. commutatum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. commutatum (Fischer et al.) Fedde, in Busch, Pl. Cauc. Crit. 4(3): 25. 1905.Papaver commutatum Fischer et al. 1838. 
Papaver strigosum var. gaillardotii Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. gaillardotii Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 446. 1905. EGYPT
Papaver strigosum var. genuinum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. genuinum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 309. 1909, nom. inadmiss.Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur 1877; Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus, var. strigosum Boenninghausen 1824. 
Papaver strigosum var. haussknechtii Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. haussknechtii Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 310. 1909. GREECE
Papaver strigosum var. subgynophorum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. subgynophorum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 310. 1909.  
Papaver strigosum var. subintegrum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. subintegrum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 309. 1909.  
Papaver strigosum var. tuberculatosetosum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. tuberculatosetosum Fedde & Bornmüller ex Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 310. 1909. TURKEY
Papaver strigosum var. urophyllum Papaver strigosum (Boenninghausen) Schur, var. urophyllum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 309. 1909.  
Papaver subpiriforme Papaver subpiriforme Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 169. 1905.  
Papaver tenerifae Papaver tenerifae Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 171. 1905 CANARY ISLANDS
Papaver tenuissimum Papaver tenuissimum Fedde, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 5: 446. 1905. GREECE
Papaver thaumasiosepalum Papaver thaumasiosepalum Fedde, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 40): 307. 1909. FRANCE
Papaver trilobum Papaver trilobum Wallroth, Annus Bot. 149. 1815. GERMANY
Papaver tumidulum Papaver tumidulum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ukran. 5: 502. 1953. RUSSIA: Ukraine
Papaver uniflorum Papaver uniflorum Balbis ex Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 980. 1829.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Calhoun, Cleburne, Jackson, Marion, Marshall, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: JSU, TROY, UNA

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00061082 Marion 3 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11828
UNA
Papaver rhoeas L.
JSU140825 Jackson 26 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1845
JSU
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
JSU140826 Marshall 16 May 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5483
JSU
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
JSU140824 Cleburne 04 May 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
129
JSU
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
JSU141819 Cleburne 21 May 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3757
JSU
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
TROY000022026 Marion 03 May 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11828
TROY
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
TROY000007643 Pike 11 Apr 1995 Martin, Joe
30
TROY
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
JSU143063 Calhoun 30 May 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4052
JSU
Papaver rhoeas Linnaeus
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