Oxalis corniculata

Family:OXALIDACEAE
Species:Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
Common Name:Creeping Lady's Sorrel; Creeping Wood Sorrel; Creeping Yellow Wood Sorrel
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:OXCO
Plant Notes:Creeping Wood Sorrel is an introduced perennial member of the Wood-Sorrel family (Oxalidaceae). The native distribution of this species is unknown, but it is believed to be somewhere in the Old World. It is now a common weed found in human disturbed habitats world-wide. It Alabama, it can be found throughout the state. Creeping Wood Sorrel is common in human disturbed and maintained habitats such as fields, lawns, cemeteries, roadsides, in cracks in sidewalks and parking areas, and in greenhouses. Creeping Wood Sorrel is a mat forming perennial from a decumbent stem that roots at the nodes. Only rarely are any up-right stems produced. The stems are pubescent with appressed hairs. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, trifoliate, and pubescent. The leaflets are obcordate, and vary from green to reddish purple in color. Plants growing in shade tend to be green and those in bright light tend to have some red coloration. Flowers are produced in umbels of 1-5 flowers. The petals are bright yellow with (often) orange spots at their base. The fruit is a five-sided cylindrical capsule that is pubescent. The seed are reddish brown and transversely wrinkled. When mature the capsules explosively discharge the seed when touched. Creeping Wood Sorrel is very difficult to eliminate once established. It is often a weed in potted nursery material and may be accidently introduced by purchasing these plants.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOXALIDACEAE - Wood-Sorrel family
Genus Oxalis
Species Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus - Creeping Lady's Sorrel; Creeping Wood Sorrel; Creeping Yellow Wood Sorrel

Citation

Citation OXALIS CORNICULATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 435. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: ITALY: Without data (lectotype: LINN 600.31). Lectotypified by G. Eiten, Taxon 4: 101. 1955.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Oxalis simulans Oxalis simulans Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 112. 1883. MADAGASCAR
Oxalis thunbergiana Oxalis thunbergiana Montrouzier, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci., ser. 2. 10: 192. 1860. NEW CALEDONIA: Without data, Montrouzier s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 123. 1979.
Acetosella albicans Acetosella albicans (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 92. 1891.Oxalis albicans Kunth 1822. 
Acetosella corniculata Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 90. 1891.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753.  
Acetosella corniculata var. subglabra Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. subglabra Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 90. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze 1891; Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Acetosella corniculata var. villosa Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. villosa (Marschall von Bieberstein) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 90. 1891.Oxalis villosa Marschall von Bieberstein 1808. 
Acetosella fontana Acetosella fontana (Bunge) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 91. 1891.Oxalis fontana Bunge 1833. 
Acetosella herpestica Acetosella herpestica (Schlechtendal) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 92. 1891.Oxalis herpestica Schlechtendal 1856.  
Acetosella simulans Acetosella simulans (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 91. 1891.Oxalis simulans Baker 1883. 
Acetosella stricta Acetosella stricta (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 91. 1891.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Acetosella verticillata Acetosella verticillata (Moçiño & Sessé y Lacasta ex de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 92. 1891.Oxalis verticillata Moçiño & Sessé y Lacasta ex de Candolle 1824. 
Acetosella wrightii Acetosella wrightii (A. Gray) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 92. 1891.Oxalis wrightii A. Gray 1852. 
Ceratoxalis coloradensis Ceratoxalis coloradensis (Rydberg) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 468. 1916.Oxalis coloradensis Rydberg 1902. 
Ceratoxalis cymosa Ceratoxalis cymosa (Small) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 468. 1916.Oxalis cymosa Small 1896. 
Ceratoxalis stricta Ceratoxalis stricta (Linnaeus) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 468. 1916.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis acetosella Oxalis acetosella Blanco, Fl. Filip. 388. 1837, non Linnaeus 1753. PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Manila, s.d., Blanco 226 (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 99. 1979.
Oxalis albicans Oxalis albicans Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 244. 1822. MEXICO: Moran, s.d., Humboldt & Bonpland 4071 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 303. 1963.
Oxalis albicans subsp. californica Oxalis albicans Kunth, subsp. californica (Abrams) G. Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 303. 1963.Xanthoxalis californica Abrams 1907. 
Oxalis albicans subsp. pilosa Oxalis albicans Kunth, subsp. pilosa (Nuttall ex Small) G. Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 303. 1963.Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small 1896. 
Oxalis albicans var. sericea Oxalis albicans Kunth, var. sericea de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 693. 1824. ECUADOR
Oxalis amamiana Oxalis amamiana Hatusima, J. Geobot. 13: 50. 1964. JAPAN: Ryukyu Islands:
Oxalis ambigua Oxalis ambigua Salisbury, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 242. 1794, nom. illegit. et non Jacquin 1794.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis ambigua Oxalis ambigua A. Richard, in Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe 1: 296. 1832, non Salisbury 1794.  
Oxalis arborea Oxalis arborea N. Brown, Gard. Chron. 16(2): 183. 1881.  
Oxalis boreaui Oxalis boreaui P. Fournier, Quatre Fl. France 616. 1937.  
Oxalis bradei Oxalis bradei Knuth, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 276. 1927. COSTA RICA: Irazu, 1908, Brade 2017 (holotype: ?).
Oxalis bushii Oxalis bushii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 611. 1898. MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Without locality, 28 May 1893, Bush 30 (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, NY).
Oxalis californica Oxalis californica (Abrams) Knuth, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7: 300. 1919.Xanthoxalis californica Abrams 1907. 
Oxalis californica var. subglabra Oxalis californica (Abrams) Knuth, var. subglabra Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 119. 1925. MEXICO: Chihuahua: Base of Sierra Mqadre, 27 Sep 1887, Pringle 1204 (holotype: GH; isotypes: NY 2 shts).
Oxalis ciliifera Oxalis ciliifera Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 316. 1839. NEW ZEALAND:
Oxalis cognata Oxalis cognata Steudel ex Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 1: 160. 1844.  
Oxalis coloradensis Oxalis coloradensis Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 243. 1902. COLORADO: Sangre de Christo Creek, 2 Jul 1900, Rydberg & Vreeland 5920 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Oxalis corniculata subsp. albicans Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, subsp. albicans (Kunth) Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 137. 1979.Oxalis albicans Kunth 1822. 
Oxalis corniculata subsp. pilosa Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, subsp. pilosa (Nuttall ex Small) Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 134. 1979.Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small 1896. 
Oxalis corniculata subsp. repens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, subsp. repens (Thunberg) Masamune, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1: 257. 1934.Oxalis repens Thunberg 1781. 
Oxalis corniculata var. adscendens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. adscendens Moris, Fl. Sardoa 1: 363. 1837. SARDINIA
Oxalis corniculata var. atropurpurea Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. atropurpurea Planchon, in Van Houtte, Fl. Serres 12: 47, t. 1205. 1857.Cult. in France, without data (lectotype: Van Houtte, Fl. Serres 12: t. 1205. 1857). Lectotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 117. 1979. 
Oxalis corniculata var. ciliifera Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. ciliifera (Cunningham) Hooker f., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 38. 1864.Oxalis ciliifera Cunningham 1839. 
Oxalis corniculata var. corcovadensis Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. corcovadensis Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 151. 1930. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Corcovado Peak,
Oxalis corniculata var. crassifolia Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. crassifolia (Cunningham) Hooker f., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 38. 1864.Oxalis crassifolia Cunningham 1839. 
Oxalis corniculata var. diffusa Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. diffusa Zuccarini, Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 9: 158. 1825. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro:
Oxalis corniculata var. dillenii Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. dillenii (Jacquin) Trelease, in A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 365. 1897.Oxalis dillenii Jacquin 1794. 
Oxalis corniculata var. frigida Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. frigida Zuccarini, Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 9: 158. 1825.  
Oxalis corniculata var. genuina Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. genuina Rouy, Fl. France 4: 124. 1897, nom. inadmiss.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis corniculata var. langloisii Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. langloisii (Small) Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 121. 1925.Xanthoxalis langloisii Small 1903. 
Oxalis corniculata var. longepedunculata Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. longepedunculata Sennen ex Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 434. 1930. SPAIN: Barcelona: s.d., Sennen 4725 (holotype: BC).
Oxalis corniculata var. lupulina Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. lupulina (Kunth) Zuccarini, Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 9: 158. 1825; (Kunth) Walpers, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 320. 1843.Oxalis lupulina Kunth 1822. 
Oxalis corniculata var. lyonii Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. lyonii (Pursh) Zuccarini, Denkschr. Koenigl. Akad. Wiss. Muenchen, ser. 2. 1: 230. 1831.Oxalis lyonii Pursh 1814. 
Oxalis corniculata var. macrophylla Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. macrophylla Arsène ex Knuth, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7: 300. 1919. MEXICO: Puebla: Without data, Arsène 19311 (holotype: ?).
Oxalis corniculata var. microphylla Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. microphylla (Poiret) Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 133. 1859.Oxalis microphylla Poiret 1816. 
Oxalis corniculata var. minima Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. minima Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 251. 1816. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Bosc s.n. (holotype: P).
Oxalis corniculata var. minor Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. minor Ecklon & Zeyher, Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 1: 83. 1836. SOUTH AFRICA: Without data, Ecklon & Zeyher 648 (holotype: L).
Oxalis corniculata var. minor Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. minor Lange, in Willkomm & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 520. 1878, non Ecklon & Zeyher 1836. SPAIN: San Sebastian, s.d., Lange s.n. (holotype: ?).
Oxalis corniculata var. preissiana Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. preissiana (Steudel ex Lehmann) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 152. 1930.Oxalis preissiana Steudel ex Lehmann 1844. 
Oxalis corniculata var. procumbens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. procumbens (Steudel ex A. Richard) Engler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19(Beibl. 47): 33. 1894.Oxalis procumbens Steudel ex A. Richard 1847 
Oxalis corniculata var. pubescens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. pubescens Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 133. 1860.Oxalis jamaicensis Macfadyen 1837.  
Oxalis corniculata var. pubescens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. pubescens Battandier, Fl. Algérie 1: 173. 1889, non Grisebach 1860.  
Oxalis corniculata var. purpurea Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. purpurea Parlatore, Fl. Atil. 5: 271. 1872. ITALY: Naples, s.d., Parlatore s.n. (holotype: FI).
Oxalis corniculata var. pusilla Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. pusilla Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 507. 1838, nom. inadmiss.Oxalis pusilla Salisbury 1796, nom. illegit.; Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis corniculata var. repens Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. repens (Thunberg) Zuccarini, Denkschr. Koeingl. Akad. Wiss. München, ser. 2. 1: 230. 1831.Oxalis repens Thunberg 1781. 
Oxalis corniculata var. reptans Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. reptans Laing, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 28. 1915. NORFOLK ISLAND: Without data, Laing 113 (holotype: CANTY).
Oxalis corniculata var. ringoetii Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. ringoetii (De Wildeman) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 152. 1930.Oxalis ringoetii De Wildeman 1913.  
Oxalis corniculata var. rubra Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. rubra G. Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 540. 1886.  
Oxalis corniculata var. rubrifolia Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. rubrifolia Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 3: 2. 1923.  
Oxalis corniculata var. sericea Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. sericea Knuth, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin- Dahlem 7: 300. 1919. NEW GUINEA
Oxalis corniculata var. stricta Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. stricta (Linnaeus) Savigny, in Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 683. 1798; (Linnaeus) Trelease, Mem. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc. 4: 88. 1888.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis corniculata var. subglabra Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. subglabra Masamune, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 28: 432. 1938, nom. inadmiss.Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. subglabra Kuntze 1891, nom. inadmiss.; Acetosella corniculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze 1891; Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis corniculata var. taiwanensis Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. taiwanensis Masamune, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 28: 431. 1938.  
Oxalis corniculata var. trichocaulon Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. trichocaulon H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 284. 1910. KOREA
Oxalis corniculata var. tropaeoloides Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. tropaeoloides Canarella, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1909: 78. 1909.  
Oxalis corniculata var. typica Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. typica Camarella, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1909: 78. 1909, nom. inadmiss.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis corniculata var. variegata Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. variegata Goiran, Boll Soc. Bot. Ital. 1896: 97. 1896.  
Oxalis corniculata var. villosa Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. villosa (Marschall von Bieberstein) Hohenacker, Enum. Pl. Talysch 159. 1838.Oxalis villosa Marschall von Bieberstein 1808. 
Oxalis corniculata var. viscidula Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. viscidula Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 121. 1925. MASSACHUSETTS: Hampshire Co.: Northampton, 1902, Terry s.n. (holotype: GH).
Oxalis crassifolia Oxalis crassifolia Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2:    
Oxalis cymosa Oxalis cymosa Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 267. 1896. NEW YORK: Bronx: Riverdale, 26 Aug 1894, Bicknell s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 65. 1979.
Oxalis diffusa Oxalis diffusa Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 2. 2: 111. 1849.  
Oxalis dillenii Oxalis dillenii Jacquin, Oxalis 28. 1794. Without data (holotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: pl. 221(288). 1732).
Oxalis dillenii subsp. filipes Oxalis dillenii Jacquin, subsp. filipes (Small) G. Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 301. 1963.Oxalis filipes Small 1897. 
Oxalis dillenii var. florida Oxalis dillenii Jacquin, var. florida de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 692. 1824, nom. inadmiss.Oxalis florida Salisbury 1796, nom. illegit.; Oxalis dillenii Jacquin 1794. 
Oxalis dillenii var. radicans Oxalis dillenii Jacquin, var. radicans Shinners, Field & Lab. 24: 39. 1956. TEXAS: Freestone Co.; 4.8 mi. SSE of Streetman, 28 Apr 1956, Shinners 23872 (holotype: SMU).
Oxalis dillenii var. recurva Oxalis dillenii Jacquin, var. recurva (Elliott) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 63: 411. 1987.Oxalis recurva Elliott 1821. 
Oxalis divergens Oxalis divergens Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 316. 1839, non Ecklon & Zeyher 1834-1835.  
Oxalis europaea Oxalis europaea Jordan, in F. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem. 309. 1854.  
Oxalis europaea var. bushii Oxalis europaea Jordan, var. bushii (Small) Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 135. 1925.Oxalis bushii Small 1898. 
Oxalis europaea var. rufa Oxalis europaea Jordan, var. rufa (Small) Young, Watsonia 4: 58. 1958.Oxalis rufa Small 1901. 
Oxalis exilis Oxalis exilis Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 316. 1839. NEW ZEALAND: Waapu, Bay of Islands, 1833, Cunningham 587 (holotype: K).
Oxalis filipes Oxalis filipes Small, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 2: 346. 1897. NORTH CAROLINA: Stanley Co.: Falls of the Yadkin River, 23 Aug 1894, Small 61 (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: MO, MSC, NY). Lectotypified by Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 301. 1963.
Oxalis florida Oxalis florida Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 322. 1796, nom. illegit.Oxalis dillenii Jacquin 1794. 
Oxalis florida subsp. prostrata Oxalis florida Salisbury, subsp. prostrata (Haworth) Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 156. 1979.Oxalis prostrata Haworth 1803. 
Oxalis florida var. filipes Oxalis florida Salisbury, var. filipes (Small) Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: 172. 1964.Oxalis filipes Small 1897. 
Oxalis florida var. recurva Oxalis florida Salisbury, var. recurva (Elliott) Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: 173. 1964.Oxalis recurva Elliott 1821. 
Oxalis fontata var. bushii Oxalis fontata Bunge, var. bushii (Small) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 24: 106. 1949.Oxalis bushii Small 1898. 
Oxalis furcata Oxalis furcata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 527. 1821. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Oxalis grenadensis Oxalis grenadensis Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 233. 1912. GRENADA: Monte Morne au camp, Dec, Eggers 6219 (holotype: B?).
Oxalis herpestica Oxalis herpestica Schlechtendal, Linnaea 27: 525. 1856. GUATEMALA
Oxalis interior Oxalis interior (Small) Fedde, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 32(1): 410. 1905.Xanthoxalis interior Small 1903. 
Oxalis jamaicensis Oxalis jamaicensis Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica 1: 182. 1837. JAMAICA
Oxalis javanica Oxalis javanica Blume, Bijdr. 5: 243. 1825. INDONESIA: Java:
Oxalis langloisii Oxalis langloisii (Small) Fedde, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 32: 410. 1905.Xanthoxalis langloisii Small 1903. 
Oxalis lejeunei Oxalis lejeunei Rouy, Fl. France 4: 126. 1897. FRANCE
Oxalis lupulina Oxalis lupulina Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 243. 1822. COLOMBIA
Oxalis lyonii Oxalis lyonii Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 322. 1814. GEORGIA: Camden Co.: Cumberland Island, Jun 1810-1813, Lyon s.n (holotype: ?[lost]). NEOTYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Near Jacksonville, s.d., Curtiss s.n. (neotype: NCU). Neotypified by G. L. Nesom, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3: 730. 2009.
Oxalis meridensis Oxalis meridensis Pittier, Trab. Mus. Comercial Venezuela 7: 311. 1930. VENEZUELA
Oxalis microphylla Oxalis microphylla Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 248. 1816. AUSTRALIA
Oxalis navieri Oxalis navieri Jordan, in F. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem. 310. 1854.  
Oxalis oneidica Oxalis oneidica House, Bull. New York State Mus. 243/244: 43. 1923. NEW YORK Oneida Co.: Taberg, 5 Jun 1919, House 6140 (holotype: NYS).
Oxalis perennans Oxalis perennans Haworth, Misc. Nat. 181. 1803.  
Oxalis pilosa Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 457. 1896. CALIFORNIA: Santa Barbara Co.: Woods around Santa Barbara, s.d., Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: NY; isolectotypes: GH, PH). Lectotypified by Eiten, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 69: 303. 1963.
Oxalis pilosa var. subpilosa Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small, var. subpilosa (Wiegand) Wiegand, Rhodora 28: 67. 1926.Oxalis wrightii A. Gray, var. subpilosa Wiegand 1925. 
Oxalis pilosa var. wrightii Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small, var. wrightii (A. Gray) Wiegand, Rhodora 28: 67. 1926.Oxalis wrightii A. Gray 1852. 
Oxalis pilosiuscula Oxalis pilosiuscula Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 243. 1822. VENEZUELA: Distrito Federal: Caracas, Hacienda de Blandin, Dec, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P).
Oxalis preissiana Oxalis preissiana Steudel ex Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 1: 160. 1844. AUSTRALIA
Oxalis procumbens Oxalis procumbens Steudel ex A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 123. 1847. ETHIOPIA: Near Enschecap, 5 Jan 1838, Schimper 1165 (holotype: P).
Oxalis propinqua Oxalis propinqua Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 316. 1839. NEW ZEALAND:
Oxalis prostrata Oxalis prostrata Haworth, Misc. Nat. 183. 1803. VIRGINIA: Henrico Co.: W of Elk Station, 21 Sep 1928, Fernald & Long 9355 (neotype: US). Neotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 156. 1979.
Oxalis pubescens Oxalis pubescens Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 558. 1812.  
Oxalis pusilla Oxalis pusilla Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 322. 1796, nom. illegit.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxalis recurva Oxalis recurva Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 526. 1821. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Charleston, Apr, Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).
Oxalis repens var. erecta Oxalis repens Thunberg, var. erecta (Makino) Masamune, J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 2: 32. 1930.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, forma erecta Makino 1910. 
Oxalis ringoetii Oxalis ringoetii De Wildeman, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 542. 1913.ZAIRE 
Oxalis rubens Oxalis rubens Haworth, Misc. Nat. 182. 1803. AUSTRALIA: Western Australia: Camden Haven, 1844, Verreaux s.n. (neotype: P). Neotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 166. 1979.
Oxalis rufa Oxalis rufa Small, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 577. 1901. NEW YORK: Bronx: New York Botanical Gardens,
Oxalis rupestris Oxalis rupestris Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 26. 1837 ("1836"), non A. Saint-Hilaire 1825. KENTUCKY: Without data, Rafinesque s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Lourteig, Phytologia 42: 153. 1979.
Oxalis shinanoensis Oxalis shinanoensis Ito, Encycl. Jap. 2: 818. 1909. JAPAN: Without data, Ito s.n. (holotype: TNS).
Oxalis stricta Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 435. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 474 (lectotype: BM); VIRGINIA: Cult. in England, without data (lectotype: Morison, Pl. Hist. Univ. 2(2): pl. 17(3). 1680). Lectotypified by B. L. Robinson, J. Bot. 386-391. 1906; Eiten, Taxon 4: 102-103. 1955, resp.
Oxalis stricta var. bushii Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. bushii (Small) Farwell, Annual Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 183. 1918.Oxalis bushii Small 1898. 
Oxalis stricta var. decumbens Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. decumbens Bitter, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 19: 298, t. 10(2-3). 1907.  
Oxalis stricta var. diffusa Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. diffusa Lejeune & Courtois, Consp. Fl. Belg. 2: 112. 1831, non Boenninghausen 1824.  
Oxalis stricta var. diffusa    
Oxalis stricta var. europaea Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. europaea (Jordan) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 144. 1930.Oxalis europaea Jordan 1854. 
Oxalis stricta var. fontana Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. fontana (Bunge) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 145. 1930.Oxalis fontana Bunge 1833. 
Oxalis stricta var. lanulosa Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. lanulosa Benke, Rhodora 31: 149. 1929. ILLINOIS: Johnson Co.: Bloomfield, 22 Sep 1928, Benke 4877 (holotype: F).
Oxalis stricta var. lejeunei Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. lejeunei (Rouy) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. f(Heft 95): 145. 1930.Oxalis lejeunei Rouy 1897. 
Oxalis stricta var. micrantha Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. micrantha Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 145. 1930. MADAGASCAR: Emirna, s.d., Bojer 1833 (holotype: B?).
Oxalis stricta var. navieri Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. navieri (Jordan) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 95): 195. 1930.Oxalis navieri Jordan 1854. 
Oxalis stricta var. piletocarpa Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. piletocarpa Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 123. 1925. NEW HAMPSHIRE: Cheshire Co.: Alstead, 1901, Williams s.n. (holotype: GH).
Oxalis stricta var. pseudocorniculata Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. pseudocorniculata P. Schulz, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 46: 239. 1905. GERMANY: Without data, Thellung s.n. (holotype: BAS).
Oxalis stricta var. rufa Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. rufa (Small) Farwell, Annual Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 183. 1918.Oxalis rufa Small 1901. 
Oxalis stricta var. villicaulis Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. villicaulis (Wiegand) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 62. 1928.Oxalis europaea Jordan, forma villicaulis Wiegand 1925. 
Oxalis stricta var. viridiflora Oxalis stricta L., var. viridiflora Hus, Annual Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 18: 99, pl. 10-11. 1907. MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: St. Louis,
Oxalis taimoni Oxalis taimoni Yamamoto, J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 4: 51. 1932.  
Oxalis taiwanensis Oxalis taiwanensis (Masamune) Masamune, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 30: 339. 1940.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. taiwanensis Masamune 1938. 
Oxalis tenuicaulis Oxalis tenuicaulis Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 316. 1839. NEW ZEALAND
Oxalis trinidadensis Oxalis trinidadensis Knuth, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 276. 1927. TRINIDAD: Aripo Savanna, 1920, Britton et al. 312 (holotype: US; isotype: GH).
Oxalis urvillei Oxalis urvillei Cunningham, Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 315. 1839.  
Oxalis verticillata Oxalis verticillata Moçiño & Sessé y Lacasta ex de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 691. 1824. Cult. in Mexico,
Oxalis villosa Oxalis villosa Marschall von Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 355. 1808. ALBANIA
Oxalis wrightii Oxalis wrightii A. Gray, Pl. Wright. 1: 27. 1852. NEW MEXICO: Without data, 1851, Wright 907 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Oxalis wrightii var. pilosa Oxalis wrightii A. Gray, var. pilosa (Nuttall ex Small) Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 120. 1925.Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small 1896. 
Oxalis wrightii var. subpilosa Oxalis wrightii A. Gray, var. subpilosa Wiegand, Rhodora 27: 120. 1925. CALIFORNIA: Napa Co.: E of Napa, s.d., Suksdorf 768 (holotype: GH).
Oxalis repens Oxalis repens Thunberg, Oxalis 16. 1781. Africa, Cult. at Uppsala,
Oxys corniculata Oxys corniculata (Linnaeus) Scopoli, Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 1: 326. 1772.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxys lutea Oxys lutea Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 3: 60. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Oxys stricta Oxys stricta (Linnaeus) Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 2: 89. 1785.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Xanthoxalis albicans Xanthoxalis albicans (Kunth) Small, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 25: 54. 1907.Oxalis albicans Kunth 1822. 
Xanthoxalis bushii Xanthoxalis bushii (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 667, 1332. 1903.Oxalis bushii Small 1898. 
Xanthoxalis californica Xanthoxalis californica Abrams, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 264. 1907. CALIFORNIA: San Diego Co.: Onofre Mountains, 19 Apr 1903, Abrams 3274 (holotype: CAS; isotypes: BH, CU, F, GH, MO, NY, UC, US).
Xanthoxalis coloradensis Xanthoxalis coloradensis (Rydberg) Rydberg, Fl. Colorado 220. 1906.Oxalis coloradensis Rydberg 1902. 
Xanthoxalis corniculata Xanthoxalis corniculata (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 667, 1332. 1903.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus 1753. 
Xanthoxalis corniculata var. atropurpurea Xanthoxalis corniculata (Linnaeus) Small, var. atropurpurea (Planchon) Moldenke, Phytologia 2: 324. 1947.Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus, var. atropurpurea Planchon 1857. 
Xanthoxalis cymosa Xanthoxalis cymosa (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 668, 1333. 1903.Oxalis cymosa Small 1896. 
Xanthoxalis dillenii Xanthoxalis dillenii (Jacquin) Holub, Bot. Közlem. 59: 38. 1972.Oxalis dillenii Jacquin 1794. 
Xanthoxalis dillenii var. piletocarpa Xanthoxalis dillenii (Jacquin) Holub, var. piletocarpa (Wiegand) Holub, Bot. Közlem. 59: 41. 1972.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. piletocarpa Wiegand 1925. 
Xanthoxalis europaea Xanthoxalis europaea (Jordan) Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 5. 1943.Oxalis europaea Jordan 1854. 
Xanthoxalis europaea var. bushii Xanthoxalis europaea (Jordan) Moldenke, var. bushii (Small) Moldenke, Castanea 7: 125. 1943.Oxalis bushii Small 1898. 
Xanthoxalis filipes Xanthoxalis filipes (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 667, 1332. 1903.Oxalis filipes Small 1897. 
Xanthoxalis florida Xanthoxalis florida Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 5. 1943, nom. illegit.Oxalis florida Salisbury 1796, nom. illegit.; Oxalis dillenii Jacquin 1794. 
Xanthoxalis fontana Xanthoxalis fontana (Bunge) Holub, Bot. Közlem 59: 37. 43. 1973.Oxalis fontana Bunge 1833. 
Xanthoxalis interior Xanthoxalis interior Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 668, 1333. 1903. ARKANSAS: Benton Co.: Without locality, 1899, Plank s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Xanthoxalis langloisii Xanthoxalis langloisii Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 667, 1332. 1903. LOUISIANA: St. Martin Par.: St. Martinsville, 15 Mar 1897, Langlois s.n. (holotype: NY).
Xanthoxalis lyonii Xanthoxalis lyonii (Pursh) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 175. 1973.Oxalis lyonii Pursh 1814. 
Xanthoxalis pilosa Xanthoxalis pilosa (Nuttall ex Small) Small, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 25: 54. 1907.Oxalis pilosa Nuttall ex Small 1896.  
Xanthoxalis recurva Xanthoxalis recurva (Elliott) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 668, 1333. 1903.Oxalis recurva Elliott 1821. 
Xanthoxalis repens Xanthoxalis repens (Thunberg) Moldenke, Castanea 9: 42. 1944.Oxalis repens Thunberg 1781. 
Xanthoxalis rufa Xanthoxalis rufa (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 668, 1332. 1903.Oxalis rufa Small 1901. 
Xanthoxalis stricta Xanthoxalis stricta (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 667, 1332. 1903.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus 1753. 
Xanthoxalis stricta var. piletocarpa Xanthoxalis stricta (Linnaeus) Small, var. piletocarpa (Wiegand) Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 6. 1943.Oxalis stricta Linnaeus, var. piletocarpa Wiegand 1925. 
Xanthoxalis trinidadensis Xanthoxalis trinidadensis (Knuth) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 176. 1973.Oxalis trinidadensis Knuth 1927.  
Xanthoxalis uittienii Xanthoxalis uittienii Jansen, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 54: 246. 1947. NETHERLANDS: Without data, Jansen 4617 (holotype: L).
Xanthoxalis wrightii Xanthoxalis wrightii (A. Gray) Abrams, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 264. 1907.Oxalis wrightii A. Gray 1852. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1888 - 1967

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00022974 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 1962 Rebecca Deramus
49
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
UNA00022967 Geneva 10 Apr 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
JSU112076 Dallas 15 Mar 1968 Judy O'Neal
s.n.
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
SAMF0002427 Jefferson 08 May 1996 Stiles, Jimmy
87
SAMF
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000021832 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18784
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000043711 Henry 03 Mar 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27218
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112077 Etowah 02 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
893
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022964 Hale 20 Mar 1966 Norris H. Williams
185
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
65432AUA_ACC Lee 5 APR 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2084
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
JSU112079 Jackson 19 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2111
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UWAL0012506 Clarke 25 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13662
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004268 Jefferson 21 Oct 1995 D.D. Spaulding
8748
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112136 Talladega 07 Apr 1979 Gary Knight
021
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022976 Hale 11 Apr 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
UNA00022972 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
JSU112072 Chilton 01 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1598
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UWAL0016599 Baldwin 25 Mar 2013 Spaulding, Dan
13694
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata L.
TROY000043459 Covington 08 Mar 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27226
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112080 Lee 01 Apr 1973 Debra A. Scruggs
018
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022968 Mobile 10 Apr 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D365a
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
UWAL0036308 Mobile 21 Mar 2015 Horne, Howard E.
2793
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022970 Baldwin 14 Mar 1959 Jackie Edwards
53
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
UWAL0005589 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18784
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata L.
45634AUA_ACC Escambia 9 MAY 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3209
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
TROY000021831 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18756
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112074 Clay 18 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8904
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004787 Clarke 25 Sep 2012 Dan Spaulding
13662
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata L.
TROY000007598 Pike 07 Nov 2000 Robert Precise
7
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
51367AUA_ACC Dale 25 MAY 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7378
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
SAMF0002428 Blount 08 Apr 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000028097 Barbour 13 Nov 2008 Trent McLendon
6
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112071 Bibb 28 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
414
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004267 Calhoun 31 Jan 1989 Daniel Spaulding
11
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004269 Monroe 26 Mar 1995 D.D. Spaulding
8649
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
71187AUA_ACC Clarke 17 FEB 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SWS55
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
TROY000021833 Pike 18 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18794
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022979 Mobile 28 Jul 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
TROY000035543 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Bailee Dykes
317
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000043710 Houston 25 Feb 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27206
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000044592 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Matthew R. Parker
268
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112075 Clay 13 Mar 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1120
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
3142AUA_ACC Lee 10 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
S.N.
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
AMAL00005440 Mobile 13 Mar 2011 Howard E. Horne
1571
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004265 Calhoun 27 Sep 1995 D.D. Spaulding
8741
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UWAL0011531 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0317
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UNA00022975 Greene 05 Mar 1967 H. Naugle
G198
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
AMAL00017131 Baldwin 23 Mar 2009 T. Wayne Barger
594
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000044732 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Matthew R. Parker
332
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
48483AUA_ACC Pike 8 FEB 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4112
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
72505AUA_ACC Baldwin 25 MAR 2013 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13694
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
JSU112082 Marshall 05 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1108
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00003175 Baldwin 25 Mar 2013 Dan Spaulding
13694
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata L.
48562AUA_ACC Covington 18 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4249
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
UNA00022978 Mobile _ Apr 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Oxalis corniculata L.
57180AUA_ACC Crenshaw 3 MAR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10147
AUA
OXALIS CORNICULATA L.
SAMF0002426 Tallapoosa 15 Apr 2006 Brock, Jane M.
32
SAMF
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
TROY000039111 Montgomery 04 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25041
TROY
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
JSU112078 Etowah 30 Mar 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4429
JSU
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00006794 Mobile 10 Mar 2012 Howard E. Horne
1738
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
AMAL00004266 Calhoun 26 Oct 1994 D.D. Spaulding
6745
AMAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
UWAL0016179 Montgomery 04 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25041
UWAL
Oxalis corniculata Linnaeus
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