Mirabilis jalapa

Family:NYCTAGINACEAE
Species:Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
Common Name:Garden Four O'clock; Marvel of Peru; Beauty of the Night
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MIJA
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyNYCTAGINACEAE - Four-O'clock family
Genus Mirabilis
Species Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus - Garden Four O'clock; Marvel of Peru; Beauty of the Night

Citation

Citation MIRABILIS JALAPA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 177. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 240.2). Lectotypified by K. Larsen, in Morat, Fl. Cambodge 24: 108. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Admirabilis peruana Admirabilis peruana Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 280. 1914, nom. illegit.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Jalapa congesta Jalapa congesta Moench, Methodus 508. 1794, nom. illegit.Jalapa officinalis Crantz 1766; Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Jalapa dichotoma Jalapa dichotoma Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 266. 1766, nom. illegit.Mirabilis dichotoma Linnaeus 1762, nom. illegit.; Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Jalapa officinalis Jalapa officinalis Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 266. 1766.  
Jalapa undulata Jalapa undulata Moench, Suppl. Meth. 196. 1802, nom. illegit.Mirabilis dichotoma Linnaeus 1762, nom. illegit.; Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Mirabilis ambigua Mirabilis ambigua Trautvetter, Linnaea 15(Litt. Ber.): 97. 1841. Cult. in Russia, without data (holotype: KW).
Mirabilis dichotoma Mirabilis dichotoma Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 252. 1762, nom. illegit.Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Mirabilis divaricata Mirabilis divaricata Lowe, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 4: 17. 1831.  
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. ciliata Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. ciliata Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 368. 1909. MEXICO: Oaxaca: Valley of Oaxaca, 1 Oct 1894, Smith 791 (holotype: MO).
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. lindheimeri Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 368. 1909. TEXAS: Comal Co.: New Braunfels, Jun 1846, Lindheimer 158 (lectotype: MO; isolectotypes: MO). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. volcanica Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. volcanica Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 367. 1909. MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Pedregal, 19 Aug 1896, Pringle 6433 (holotype: F; isotypes: GH, MO, US).
Mirabilis jalapa var. ambigua Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. ambigua (Trautvetter) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13: 428. 1849.Mirabilis ambigua Trautvetter 1841.  
Mirabilis jalapa var. lindheimeri Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. lindheimeri (Standley) Cory, Rhodora 38: 405. 1936.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley 1909. 
Mirabilis jalapa var. planiflora Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. planiflora (Trautvetter) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 428. 1849.Mirabilis planiflora Trautvetter 1840. 
Mirabilis jalapa var. procera Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. procera (Bertoloni) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 428. 1849.Mirabilis procera Bertoloni 1839. 
Mirabilis lindheimeri Mirabilis lindheimeri (Standley) Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 175. 1951.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley 1909. 
Mirabilis odorata Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1: 7. 1755. MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: LINN 240.1). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Mirabilis pedunculata Mirabilis pedunculata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 311. 1812, nom. illegit.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Mirabilis pedunculata var. alba Mirabilis pedunculata Stokes, var. alba Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 312. 1812.  
Mirabilis planiflora Mirabilis planiflora Trautvetter, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 6: 216. 1840. Cult. in Russia, without data (holotype: KW).
Mirabilis procera Mirabilis procera Bertoloni, Novi Comment Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 3: 15, t. 1. 1839. Cult. in Italy, without data (lectotype: Bertoloni, Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 3: t. 1. 1839). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Nyctago hortensis Nyctago hortensis Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult. 1: 654. 1802, nom. illegit.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Nyctago jalapa Nyctago jalapa (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Fl. Franc. 3: 426. 1805.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Nyctago mirabilis Nyctago mirabilis J. Saint-Hilaire, Expos. Fam. 1: 212, t. 37. 1805. MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: J. Saint-Hilaire, Expos. Fam. 1: t. 37. 1805). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Nyctago versicolor Nyctago versicolor Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 57. 1796, nom. illegit.Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Trimista levigata Trimista levigata Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 12. 1840.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Geneva, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Marshall, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1994 - 2001

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
47356AUA_ACC Chambers 3 JUL 1983 HAYES, SHERRAD
44
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
JSU139121 Marshall 13 Jul 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9042
JSU
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
TROY000021636 Pike 03 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19688
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
UWAL0016029 Pike 15 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23560
UWAL
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
TROY000007225 Pike 21 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12625
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
TROY000036026 Butler 24 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23530
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
TROY000009229 Coffee 28 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
82
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
UNA00047121 Houston 23 Jun 1996 John R. MacDonald
9660
UNA
Mirabilis jalapa L.
22383AUA_ACC Lee 12 JUL 1970 MORRIS, KERMIT
39
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
57452AUA_ACC Conecuh 23 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9956
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
UWAL0015102 Butler 24 Oct 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23530
UWAL
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
UNA00057630 Pike 21 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12615
UNA
Mirabilis jalapa L.
50551AUA_ACC Montgomery 24 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7779
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
UWAL0013511 Bullock 02 Nov 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1455
UWAL
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
TROY000007224 Coffee 16 Jul 1999 Brian H. Martin
92
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
UNA00056904 Geneva 26 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11811
UNA
Mirabilis jalapa L.
UWAL0005245 Pike 03 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19688
UWAL
Mirabilis jalapa L.
53056AUA_ACC Crenshaw 8 NOV 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7184
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
UNA00046149 Houston 22 Oct 1994 John R. MacDonald
8098
UNA
Mirabilis jalapa L.
55389AUA_ACC Pike 17 OCT 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9412
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
36249AUA_ACC Jefferson 21 OCT 1972 BOWERS, JOHN R.
161
AUA
MIRABILIS JALAPA L.
TROY000036294 Bullock 02 Nov 2012 Bailee Dykes
1455
TROY
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
JSU134111 Calhoun 4 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6626
JSU
Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus
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