Nelumbo lutea

Family:NELUMBONACEAE
Species:Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
Common Name:American Lotus; Yellow Lotus; Water Chinquapin
Habitat:Standing or slow moving water.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:NELU
Plant Notes:American Lotus is a large native herbaceous aquatic perennial in the Lotus-Lily family (Nelumbonaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama, but is particularly common in large lakes and swamps. American Lotus grows in ponds and lakes, in beaver ponds and sloughs, in sluggish streams and marshes, and in canals. It is a perennial with a thick, branching rhizome buried in the mud. The rhizomes form swollen storage tubers late in growing season. Leaves are petiolate, held above or floating on the water’s surface, orbicular in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are peltate (the petiole attaches to the center lower surface of the leaf instead of at the margin). Flowers are solitary on long peduncles that exceed the leaves. Each flower has 14-30 pale yellow tepals. The pistils are embedded in the receptacle which is obconical and flat topped. The receptacle enlarges and becomes brown and woody with the hard, indehiscent, nut-like fruit embedded in its surface in circular pits. American Lotus is sometimes cultivated in large pools or ponds, but its use is limited by its size. It can also become aggressive and overtake small water bodies. The fruiting structures are often collected for use in dried flower arrangements.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyNELUMBONACEAE - Lotus-Lily family
Genus Nelumbo
Species Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon - American Lotus; Yellow Lotus; Water Chinquapin

Citation

Citation NELUMBO LUTEA Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 2: 1259. 1799.
Basionym: **
Type: NEW JERSEY: Without data, Bartram s.n. (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Wiersema & Reveal, Taxon 40: 512. 1991.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cyamus flavicomus Cyamus flavicomus Salisbury, Ann. Bot. (Koenig & Sims) 2: 75. 1805.  
Cyamus luteus Cyamus luteus (Willdenow) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 25. 1818.Nelumbo lutea Willdenow 1799. 
Cyamus mysticus Cyamus mysticus Salisbury, Ann. Bot. (Koenig & Sims) 2: 75. 1805.  
Cyamus pentapetalus Cyamus pentapetalus (Walter) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 398. 1814.Nymphaea pentapetala Walter 1788. 
Nelumbo codophylla Nelumbo codophylla Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 22. 1817. LOUISIANA
Nelumbo indica Nelumbo indica Tussac, Fl. Antill. 3: 83. 1824, non Poiret 1798.  
Nelumbo jamaicensis Nelumbo jamaicensis de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 47. 1821. JAMAICA
Nelumbo nucifera subsp. lutea Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner, subsp. lutea (Willdenow) Borsch & Barthlott, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 68: 443. 1996 ("1994").Nelumbo lutea Willdenow 1799. 
Nelumbo nucifera var. lutea Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner, var. lutea (Willdenow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 12. 1891.Nelumbo lutea Willdenow 1799. 
Nelumbo pentapetala Nelumbo pentapetala (Walter) Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 2: 1259. 1799.Nymphaea pentapetala Walter 1788. 
Nymphaea pentapetala Nymphaea pentapetala Walter, Fl. Carol. 155. 1788, nom. rej. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Mayrant Backwater, pond, Sewee Bay NW E-7, 5 Jun 1943, Hunt & Martin 2056 (neotype: CLEMS). Neotypified by Wiersema & Reveal, Taxon 40: 509. 1991.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Etowah, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_55383 Covington 11 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9645
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UWAL0039595 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27930
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Persoon
UWAL0049728 Marshall 26 Aug 2009 Webb, David H.
7096
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers.
UNA00031215 Washington 20 Aug 1977 Wiersema, John H.
253
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0047149 Jackson 20 Jul 1988 Webb, David H.
5402
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Persoon
UNA00031381 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6844a
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00047176 Barbour 10 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11433
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_62205 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-296)
AUA
Nelumbo Lueta Willd.
UWAL0035110 Morgan 10 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7999
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
UNA00069683 Lawrence 25 Sep 2008 Webb, David
6847
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
TROY000045505 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27930
TROY
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031265 Morgan 04 Jun 1979 Wiersema, John H.
792
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0005234 Clarke 03 Jul 1971 Little, Jesse
s.n.
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031377 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6844a
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNAF0000726 Morgan 01 Jul 1979 Daly, Robert
44
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
AUA_ACC_2216 Montgomery 24 Jul 1954 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UWAL0005233 Clarke 11 Jul 1984 Fields, Frank
s.n.
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031326 Montgomery 12 Aug 1980 Wiersema, John H.
2033
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031205 Tuscaloosa 06 Jun 1977 Wiersema, John H.
184
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0049569 Marshall 17 Aug 2020 Webb, David H.
9112b
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031371 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6844a
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
JSU134100 Jackson 6 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1065
JSU
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNAF0000723 Morgan 06 Jul 1991 Engle, Dennis
010575
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
AUA_ACC_47141 Jackson 24 Jul 1983 Dodd, J.K.
107
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
AUA000038378 Morgan 10 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7999
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_50169 Crenshaw 2 Aug 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6204
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
TROY000007221 Conecuh 08 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13263
TROY
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031270 Barbour 22 Aug 1977 Wiersema, John H.
261
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_23172 Covington 8 Aug 1971 Hester, D.
143
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UNA00031372 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6769
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031210 Baldwin 25 Sep 1977 Wiersema, John H.
275
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0005232 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-09
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_61164 Barbour 23 Oct 2001 Gil, Glenda
(2001-37)
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
JSU134099 Jackson 2 Sep 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7634
JSU
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031336 Mobile 25 Jul 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D963
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
JSU136339 Limestone 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9096
JSU
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
AUA_ACC_52029 Conecuh 28 Aug 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8748
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UWAL0030291 Marengo 18 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9005
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031331 Butler 01 Jul 1977 Wiersema, John H.
202
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA000043899 Madison 13 Sep 2019 Wernecke, David
7737
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UNA00031366 Tuscaloosa 26 Sep 1977 Wiersema, John H.
279
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNAF0000724 Morgan 01 Jul 1979 Daly, Robert
38
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
UNA00031346 Wilcox 19 Nov 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6408
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNAF0001837 Marshall 06 Aug 2008 Webb, David H.
6783
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
UNA00069921 Marshall 26 Aug 2009 Webb, David
7096
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
ALNHS00001407 Barbour 26 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#824
ALNHS
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031351 Morgan 04 Jun 1979 Wiersema, John H.
792
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0049568 Lawrence 11 Aug 2020 Webb, David H.
9114
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031382 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6844a
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
JSU134098 Jackson 6 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1065
JSU
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNAF0000735 Lauderdale 16 Jul 1993 Dyer, Jason
s.n.
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
UNA00031341 Mobile 25 Jul 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D963
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00031356 Mobile _ Jun 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_10261 Etowah 28 Jul 1962 Rosene, J.M.
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
TROY000007222 Covington 09 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13264
TROY
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031362 Etowah 06 Jul 1978 Wiersema, John H.
362
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0010320 Marengo 30 Jun 2012 England, J. Kevin
3595
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
AUA000043900 Madison 13 Sep 2019 Wernecke, David
7737
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UNAF0000725 Morgan 01 Jul 1979 Daly, Robert
38
UNAF
Nelumbo lutea Willdenow
AUA_ACC_47140 Jackson 24 Jul 1983 Dodd, J.K.
107
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_23173 Barbour 10 Aug 1971 Cook, Harry D.
105
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
UWAL0049570 Limestone 28 Jul 2020 Webb, David H.
9041
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031376 Washington 20 Aug 1977 Wiersema, John H.
253
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0047012 Marshall 21 Jul 1988 Webb, David H.
5405
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon
UNA00031367 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6769
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UNA00047162 Barbour 10 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11433
UNA
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
UWAL0005231 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-09
UWAL
Nelumbo lutea Willd.
AUA_ACC_62204 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001-296
AUA
Nelumbo Lutea Willd.
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