Maclura pomifera

Family:MORACEAE
Species:Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid.
Common Name:Osage Orange; Bow wood; Hedge Apple
Habitat:Roadsides, fields and forest edges.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MAPO
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMORACEAE - Mulberry family
Genus Maclura
Species Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. - Osage Orange; Bow wood; Hedge Apple

Citation

Citation Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C.K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1(5): 806. 1906.
Basionym: Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque 1817.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ioxylon aurantiacum Ioxylon aurantiacum (Nuttall) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 260. 1830.Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall 1818. 
Ioxylon maclura Ioxylon maclura Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 43. 1838 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque 1817. 
Ioxylon pomiferum Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817.  
Ioxylon pomiferum  Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817. 
Maclura aurantiaca Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 234. 1818.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1967 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0049295 Bullock 01 Oct 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3625
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C. K. Schneider
JSU144004 Calhoun 25 Apr 1967 Boone, W.E. (Bill)
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_10742 Lee 22 May 1963 Potts, William N.
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005196 Sumter 26 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0713
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneider
JSU133829 Calhoun 22 Apr 1967 Collier, Gary
4
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_41566 Conecuh 17 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1505
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133832 Cherokee 6 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9974
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_2043 Lee 15 May 1953 Walsh, C.S.
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_14930 DeKalb 17 May 1969 Chitwood, John C.
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005192 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1028
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_19783 Lee 4 May 1969 Moore, Harold D.
153-69
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
SAMF0002158 Montgomery 18 Jun 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4340
SAMF
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133906 Shelby 3 Sep 1972 McCool, Jeff
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_14254 Montgomery 3 Aug 1967 Rankin, H.Taylor
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
SAMF0003110 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5773
SAMF
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133834 Colbert 1 Jun 1969 Sizemore, Donny
21-19
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_52408 Pike 19 May 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9168
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133838 Jackson 8 Aug 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8803
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0036483 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8614
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C.K. Schneider
JSU133904 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
545
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_46934 Marengo 10 Oct 1982 Wilburn, John C.
53
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005193 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 Reynolds, R. Brock
0019
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneid.
JSU133830 Cherokee 19 Sep 1972 L'Eplattenier, R.
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
USAM000008640 Baldwin 30 Apr 1989 Burkhalter, James R.
11404
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133827 Calhoun 30 Apr 1969 Morello, Sandra
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133826 Calhoun 13 Jul 1969 Payne, Jan E.
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000007165 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18245
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00031098 Lowndes 09 Jul 1988 Burckhalter, Robert
1419
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0010881 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22973
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneier
AUA_ACC_2041 Lee 13 May 1956 Krueger, Donald R.
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00022752 Greene 08 Jun 1993 Haynes, Chris G.
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
USAM000008641 Baldwin 12 Nov 1988 Benson, Elizabeth W.
s.n.
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133828 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2834
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_13155 Lee 15 Apr 1965 Wright, Larry
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000021476 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19633
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133833 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18746
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000034378 Hale 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5929
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133903 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18496
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133835 Cherokee 19 Sep 1972 Phifer, Gene
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000021475 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20071
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00031106 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0012056 Sumter 22 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6399
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_10620 Lee 4 May 1963 Lamb, James M.
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00022396 Sumter 04 Oct 1993 Haynes, Chris G.
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_14929 Lee 8 May 1969 Barnes, W.K.
112
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133902 Marshall 19 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2332
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005197 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-20
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133840 Lawrence 25 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17711
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000033305 Montgomery 29 Apr 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21293
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133836 Franklin 14 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16176
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133825 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11493
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_70860a Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
812
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000049645 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1599
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00031100 Marengo 28 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2017
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005189 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20071
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_14001 Montgomery 28 Apr 1967 Lane, Ronnie
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00022767 Marengo 09 Sep 1993 Haynes, Chris G.
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_67611 Cullman 31 Mar 2007 Hinkle, R.S.
17-6
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005194 Sumter 23 May 1984 Green
0028
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133831 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13823
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005191 Hale 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5929
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000040941 Sumter 22 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6399
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00063636 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1042
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_73206 Limestone 9 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3931
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005190 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
0812
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133901 Madison 22 Sep 1995 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000048839 Autauga 16 Aug 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1877
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid.
UNA00031103 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
T 1082
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0050133 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1599
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133837 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1042
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA000043348 Cullman Wolf, Wolfgang
676
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0047177 Autauga 16 Aug 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1877
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00073335 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
812
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0032814 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6584
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000007166 Pike 19 Apr 1997 Pyron, Dawn L.
1
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_22441 Crenshaw 21 May 1970 Montgomery, John
171
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0050651 Calhoun 31 Aug 1972 Landers, K.E.
s.n.
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneider
UNA00047111 Barbour 09 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11165
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0018122 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3931
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA000038804 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6584
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000007164 Dale 11 Aug 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
955
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133839 Lauderdale 4 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18347
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU144002 Calhoun 18 Sep 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC_22172 Montgomery 30 Apr 1970 Knotts, Carl R.
168
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000037733 Butler 05 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23994
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0001973 Montgomery 29 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21293
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_45915 Lowndes 3 May 1971 Donavan, Lois A.
271
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC_775 Lee 8 May 1949 Finch, C.Thornton
AUA
Maclura Pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005195 Sumter 23 May 1984 Welch
0056
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00031108 Hale 30 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1559
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
ALNHS00000905 Jackson 01 Sep 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-553
ALNHS
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00031107 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
T 1082
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000044005 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3931
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133905 St. Clair 29 Jun 1969 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133824 Calhoun 18 Sep 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
818
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000021177 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
812
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
USAM000008642 Greene 07 Jun 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9853
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0013725 Butler 05 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23994
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
ALNHS00000405 Dallas 24 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-178
ALNHS
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
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