Maclura pomifera

Family:MORACEAE
Species:Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid.
Common Name:Osage Orange; Bow wood; Hedge Apple
Habitat:Roadsides, fields and forest edges.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MAPO
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMORACEAE - Mulberry family
Genus Maclura
Species Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. - Osage Orange; Bow wood; Hedge Apple

Citation

Citation Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C.K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1(5): 806. 1906.
Basionym: Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque 1817.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ioxylon aurantiacum Ioxylon aurantiacum (Nuttall) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 260. 1830.Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall 1818. 
Ioxylon maclura Ioxylon maclura Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 43. 1838 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque 1817. 
Ioxylon pomiferum Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817.  
Ioxylon pomiferum  Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817. 
Maclura aurantiaca Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 234. 1818.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1967 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00031098 Lowndes 09 Jul 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1419
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000034378 Hale 01 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
5929
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133831 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13823
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0036483 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8614
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C.K. Schneider
UNA00031106 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133832 Cherokee 6 May 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9974
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
SAMF0003110 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5773
SAMF
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000007165 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18245
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133905 St. Clair 29 Jun 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC002041 Lee 13 MAY 1956 KRUEGER, DONALD R.
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
JSU133828 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2834
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133835 Cherokee 19 Sep 1972 Gene Phifer
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC046934 Marengo 10 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
53
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
JSU133833 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18746
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC013155 Lee 15 APR 1965 WRIGHT, LARRY
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UNA00022767 Marengo 09 Sep 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133827 Calhoun 30 Apr 1969 Sandra Morello
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005194 Sumter 23 May 1984 Green
0028
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC073206 Limestone 9 SEP 2012 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
3931
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
AUA_ACC014930 DeKalb 17 MAY 1969 CHITWOOD, JOHN C.
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
AUA_ACC070860a Franklin 13 JUN 2008 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
812
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UWAL0005189 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20071
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133834 Colbert 1 Jun 1969 Donny Sizemore
21-19
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC041566 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1505
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
AUA_ACC052408 Pike 19 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9168
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
TROY000007164 Dale 11 Aug 2000 Tiffany Pennington
955
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00022752 Greene 08 Jun 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133838 Jackson 8 Aug 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8803
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000021475 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20071
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC014929 Lee 8 MAY 1969 BARNES, W. K.
112
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
SAMF0002158 Montgomery 18 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4340
SAMF
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133903 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18496
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133902 Marshall 19 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2332
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00063636 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1042
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
USAM000008641 Baldwin 12 Nov 1988 Elizabeth W. Benson
s.n.
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133901 Madison 22 Sep 1995 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000021177 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 J. Kevin England
812
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00031107 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T 1082
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC067611 Cullman 31 MAR 2007 HINKLE, R. S.
17-6
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UWAL0005195 Sumter 23 May 1984 Welch
0056
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133826 Calhoun 13 Jul 1969 Jan E. Payne
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000007166 Pike 19 Apr 1997 Dawn L. Pyron
1
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
USAM000008642 Greene 07 Jun 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9853
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005193 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 Reynolds, R. Brock
0019
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneid.
JSU133829 Calhoun 22 Apr 1967 Gary Collier
4
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC022441 Crenshaw 21 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
171
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
AUA_ACC002043 Lee 15 MAY 1953 WALSH, C. S.
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UNA00022396 Sumter 04 Oct 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU133830 Cherokee 19 Sep 1972 R. L'Eplattenier
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000021476 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19633
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC014001 Montgomery 28 APR 1967 LANE, RONNIE
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
JSU144004 Calhoun 25 Apr 1967 W. E. Boone
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
TROY000033305 Montgomery 29 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21293
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC010742 Lee 22 MAY 1963 POTTS, WILLIAM N.
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
JSU133906 Shelby 3 Sep 1972 J. McCool
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133836 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16176
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC010620 Lee 4 MAY 1963 LAMB, JAMES M.
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UNA00031100 Marengo 28 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2017
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
JSU144002 Calhoun 18 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
s.n.
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005197 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-20
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0001973 Montgomery 29 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21293
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0005196 Sumter 26 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0713
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneider
JSU133904 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
545
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005192 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1028
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000044005 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 J. Kevin England
3931
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UNA00047111 Barbour 09 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11165
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
TROY000040941 Sumter 22 Apr 2011 Brian R. Keener
6399
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133825 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11493
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC014254 Montgomery 3 AUG 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UNA00031103 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T 1082
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
AUA_ACC019783 Lee 4 MAY 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
153-69
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UWAL0005191 Hale 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5929
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UWAL0032814 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6584
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0010881 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22973
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneier
TROY000037733 Butler 05 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23994
TROY
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0005190 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
0812
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
UNA00031108 Hale 30 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1559
UNA
Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
USAM000008640 Baldwin 30 Apr 1989 James A. Burkhalter
11404
USAM
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133840 Lawrence 25 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17711
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
UWAL0013725 Butler 05 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23994
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133839 Lauderdale 4 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18347
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC045915 Lowndes 3 MAY 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
271
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UWAL0018122 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3931
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133837 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1042
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
AUA_ACC022172 Montgomery 30 APR 1970 KNOTTS, CARL R.
168
AUA
MACLURA POMIFERA (RAF.) SCHNEID.
UWAL0012056 Sumter 22 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6399
UWAL
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
JSU133824 Calhoun 18 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
818
JSU
Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) Schneider
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