Sida elliottii

Family:MALVACEAE
Species:Sida elliottii Torrey & A. Gray
Common Name:Elliott's Fanpetals; Coastal Plain Sida
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SIEL
Plant Notes:Elliott's Fanpetals is a native perennial herb or subshrub in the Hibiscus family (Malvaceae). It can be found at scattered locations across Alabama. Elliott's Fanpetals occurs in prairies, in scrub oak woods, in sand hills, in xeric sandy Longleaf pine woods, and on disturbed sites. It is a perennial with a tap root. Stems are 1-3 feet in height, erect, green or purplish in color, slightly pubescent to glabrous, and scantly branched. The stems are very tough and wiry. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, linear to narrowly elliptic in outline, with toothed margins. The leaves are slightly hairy on the lower surface and glabrous on the upper surface. The petiole of the leaf is shorter than the blade, and the blade often has a purplish margin. Flowers are solitary in the axils of the leaves. Each flower has 5 yellow-orange petals and numerous stamens. The fruit is a schizocarp with 8-11 mericarps. Elliott's Fanpetals is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G4G5 species (G4 - imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors--G5 - demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery).—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMALVACEAE - Mallow family
Genus Sida
Species Sida elliottii Torrey & A. Gray - Elliott's Fanpetals; Coastal Plain Sida

Citation

Citation SIDA ELLIOTTII Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 231. 1838.
Basionym: Sida gracilis Elliott 1822, non Richard 1792, nec Salisbury 1796, nec R. Brown 1814.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: Near Beaufort, s.d., Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sida elliottii var. parviflora Sida elliottii Torrey & A. Gray, var. parviflora Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 48. 1897. FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Key West, s.d., Without collector s.n. (neotype: NY). Neotypified by Siedo, Lundellia 2: 107. 1999.
Sida floridana Sida floridana Siedo, Lundellia 4: 69, f. 1-3. 2001. FLORIDA: Lee Co.: Middle Captiva Island, 29 Apr 1967, Brumbach 5819 (holotype: GH; isotype: US).
Sida gracilis Sida gracilis Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 159. 1822, non Richard 1792, nec Salisbury 1796, nec R. Brown 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: Near Beaufort, s.d., Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).
Sida leptophylla Sida leptophylla Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 468. 1898. GEORGIA: Without data (holotype: NY).
Sida rubromarginata Sida rubromarginata Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 102. 1896. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Ballast Point, Tampa, 24 Aug 1895, Nash 2472 (holotype: NY; isotype: F, GH, K, MASS, MO, OS, US).
Sida inflexa Sida inflexa Fernald, Rhodora 42: 463, pl. 638, 639(1-3). 1940. VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: Near Three Creek, NW of Carey Bridge, 23 Sep 1939, Fernald & Long 11373 (holotype: GH; isotypes: GH, MO, NY, PH, US).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Butler, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Escambia, Greene, Jackson, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Russell, Tallapoosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_47053 Tallapoosa 22 Jun 1977 Rush, C.F.
33
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
UWAL0013644 Butler 01 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24487
UWAL
Sida elliotii Torrey & A. Gray
AUA_ACC_34641 Butler 10 Sep 1975 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
UWAL0013544 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23312
UWAL
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA_ACC_69481 Escambia 8 Jul 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4096
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray Var. Elliottii
UWAL0006739 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4852
UWAL
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_33463 Bibb 20 Sep 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
748
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_51947 Lowndes 17 Sep 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8790
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_43907 Conecuh 28 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1624
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_13220 Jackson 2 Jul 1966 Rogers, Kenneth
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
UWAL0044954 Escambia 25 Oct 2011 Hansen, C.J.
5350
UWAL
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray var. elliottii
TROY000036223 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23312
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
JSU132285 Macon 5 Oct 1973 Bedwell, C.R.
152
JSU
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
JSU132284 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18265
JSU
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
ALNHS00006966 Coosa 23 Jul 2020 Yawn, Noah D.
NDY#38
ALNHS
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_41585 Macon 5 Oct 1973 Wright, D.
52
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000033094 Escambia 08 Jul 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4096
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA000042540 Escambia 6 Jun 2011 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000039196 Butler 01 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24487
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & A. Gray
UNA00057731 Bibb 20 Aug 1994 Allison, James R.
8555
UNA
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000021409 Greene 30 Jul 1995 MacDonald, John R.
9006
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA000035451 Lowndes 7 Sep 2012 Schotz, Alfred
2175
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
UWAL0045624 Madison 28 Jun 2019 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Sida elliottii Torrey & A. Gray
TROY000007010 Perry 21 Jul 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14035
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
UNA00010984 Autauga _ Jul 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000021408 Greene 30 Jul 1995 MacDonald, John R.
9006
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
UNA00053564 Montgomery 8 Jul 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2297
UNA
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000030669 Butler 10 Sep 1975 Crawford, Lloyd C.
s.n.
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA000037812 Escambia 25 Oct 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5350
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray Var. Elliottii
UWAL0011869 Clarke 24 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7334
UWAL
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA_ACC_52608 Montgomery 3 Sep 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8757
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
JSU132283 Colbert 8 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18358
JSU
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
TROY000045400 Lowndes 07 Sep 2012 Schotz, Alfred
2175
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
UNA00069491 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4852
UNA
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
AUA_ACC_47484 Russell 8 Jul 1981 Gates, William R.
54
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000007009 Montgomery 29 Aug 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12027
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA_ACC_50220 Pike 31 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6187
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
UNA00010979 Washington _ Sep 1874 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Sida elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000021443 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4852
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA_ACC_35029 Bibb 12 Jul 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1705
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
TROY000035517 Butler 12 Sep 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Sida elliottii Torrey & Gray
AUA_ACC_3436 Montgomery 15 May 1955 Burch, Jack
AUA
Sida Elliottii Torr. & Gray
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