Gossypium hirsutum

Family:MALVACEAE
Species:Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
Common Name:Upland Cotton
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMALVACEAE - Mallow family
Genus Gossypium
Species Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus - Upland Cotton

Citation

Citation GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 975. 1763.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. at Chelsea, England, without data, Miller s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Borssum-Waalkes, Blumea 14: 1-251. 1966.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gossypium marie-galante Gossypium marie-galante Watt, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 344. 1927. ST. VINCENT: Union Island, 11 Jan 1914, Birkinshaw s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: E).
Gossypium asiaticum Gossypium asiaticum Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 16. 1838. "Siam blanc veloute", without data, Rohr s.n. (lectotype: C). Lectotypifed by Fryxell, Taxon 18: 406. 1969.
Gossypium barbadense var. hirsutum Gossypium barbadense Linnaeus, var. hirsutum (Linnaeus) Triana & Planchon, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 4. 17: 171. 1862, non Hooker & Bentham 1849.Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus 1763. 
Gossypium barbadense var. marie-galante Gossypium barbadense Linnaeus, var. marie-galante (Watt) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 18: 118. 1938.Gossypium marie-galante Watt 1927. 
Gossypium birkinshawii Gossypium birkinshawii Watt, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 330. 1927. ST. VINCENT: Canouan, near Point de Jour, on cliffs about Billy Hole, 15 Jan 1914, Birkinshaw s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: E).
Gossypium caespitosum Gossypium caespitosum Todaro, Giorn. Reale Ist. Incoragg. Agric. Sicilia 1: 80. 1863. Cult. at Palermo, Italy, s.d., Todaro s.n. (holotype: PAL).
Gossypium convexum Gossypium convexum Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 16. 1838. "Indian", without data, Rohr s.n. (lectotype: C). Lectotypified by Fryxell, Taxon 18: 403-404. 1969.
Gossypium divaricatum Gossypium divaricatum Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 17. 1838. "Domingo couronne", without data, Rohr s.n. (lectotype: C). Lectotypified by Fryxell, Taxon 18: 405. 1969.
Gossypium elatum Gossypium elatum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 385. 1796, nom. illegit.Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus 1767. 
Gossypium harrissii Gossypium harrissii Watt, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 311. 1927. JAMAICA: Coastline between Portland POint and Rocky Point, s.d., Harris s.n (holotype: K; isotypes: NY, US).
Gossypium herbaceum var. hirsutum Gossypium herbaceum Linnaeus, var. hirsutum (Linnaeus) Masters, in Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 347. 1874.Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus 1763 
Gossypium herbaceum var. religiosum Gossypium herbaceum Linnaeus, var. religiosum (Linnaeus) Masters, in Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 347. 1874.Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus 1767. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. marie-galante Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. marie-galante (Watt) J. B. Hutchinson, in J. B. Hutchinson et al., Evol. Gossyp. 43. 1947.Gossypium marie-galante Watt 1927. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. mexicanum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. mexicanum (Todaro) Roberty, Ann. Inst. Bot.- Geol. Colon. Marseille, ser. 6. 3: 43. 1945.Gossypium mexicanum Todaro 1868. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. micranthum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. micranthum (Cavanilles) Roberty, Candollea 13: 72. 1950.Gossypium micranthus Cavanilles 1788. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. nervosum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. nervosum (Watt) Roberty, Candollea 13: 66. 1950.Gossypium nervosum Watt 1927. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. paniculatum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. paniculatum (Blanco) Roberty, Candollea 13: 62. 1950.Gossypium paniculatum Blanco 1837. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. religiosum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. religiosum (Linnaeus) Watt, Wild Cult. Cotton 201. 1907.Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus 1767. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. schottii Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. schottii (Watt) Prokhanov, Bot. Zurn. SSSR 32: 73. 1947.Gossypium schottii Watt 1907. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. taitense Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. taitense (Parlatore) Roberty, Candollea 13: 66. 1950.Gossypium taitense Parlatore 1866. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. volubile Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. volubile (Ramirez Goyena) Roberty, Candollea 13: 70. 1950.Gossypium volubile Ramirez Goyena 1909. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. caespitosum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. caespitosum (Todaro) Roberty, Candollea 13: 58. 1950.Gossypium caespitosum Todaro 1863. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. latifolium Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. latifolium (Murray) Roberty, Candollea 13: 61. 1950.Gossypium latifolium Murray 1776. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. mexicanum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. mexicanum (Todaro) Mauer, Trudy Sredne- Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. Lenina 18: 22. 1950.Gossypium mexicanum Todaro 1868. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. paniculatum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. paniculatum (Blanco) Mauer, Trucy Sredne- Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. Lenina 18: 22. 1950.Gossypium paniculatum Blanco 1837. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. prostratum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. prostratum (Thonning) Roberty, Candollea 13: 59. 1950.Gossypium prostratum Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium hirsutum subsp. punctatum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, subsp. punctatum (Schumacher & Thonning) Mauer, Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. Lenina 18: 22. 1950.Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium hirsutum var. punctatum Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus, var. punctatum (Schumacher & Thonning) Roberty, Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon. Marseille, ser. 6. 3: 42. 1945.Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium hopi Gossypium hopi Lewton, Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 60(6): 9. 1912. Cult. at Victoria, Texas, 4 Aug 1909, Lewton 1009 (holotype: US; isotype: US).
Gossypium jamaicense Gossypium jamaicense Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica 1: 73. 1837. JAMAICA: Near Rockfort, s.d., Macfadyen s.n. (holotype: K?).
Gossypium latifolium Gossypium latifolium Murray, Novi Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 7: 22, t. 1. 1776. Without data (lectotype: Murray, Novi Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 7: t. 1. 1776). Lectotypified by Fryxell, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 169. 1988.
Gossypium latifolium var. paniculatum Gossypium latifolium Murray, var. paniculatum (Blanco) Roberty, Candollea 9: 91. 1942.Gossypium paniculatum Blanco 1837. 
Gossypium latifolium var. prostratum Gossypium latifolium Murray, var. prostratum (Thonning) Roberty, Candollea 9: 90. 1942.Gossypium prostratum Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium latifolium var. taitense Gossypium latifolium Murray, var. taitense (Parlatore) Roberty, Candollea 9: 89. 1942.Gossypium taitense Parlatore 1866. 
Gossypium mexicanum Gossypium mexicanum Todaro, Index. Sem. Hort. Reg. Bot. Panorm. 1867: 20, 31. 1868. MEXICO: Cult. in Italy, 1868, Todaro s.n. (holotype: PAL).
Gossypium micranthum Gossypium micranthum Cavanilles, Diss. 6: 311. 1788. Cult. at Paris, without data (holotype: MA; isotype: FI).
Gossypium nervosum Gossypium nervosum Watt, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 324. 1927. MEXICO: Veracruz: Panuco, 20 Apr 1910, Palmer 351 (holotype: K; isotypes: GH, MO, NY, US).
Gossypium nicaraguense Gossypium nacaraguense Ramirez Goyena, Fl. Nicarag. 1: 195. 1909.  
Gossypium nigrum Gossypium nigrum Buchanan-Hamilton, var. punctatum (Schumacher & Thonning) Hooker f. & Webb, in Hooker, Niger Fl. 107. 1849.Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium oligospermum Gossypium oligospermum Macfadyen, Fl. Jamaica 1: 74. 1837. JAMAICA: Liguanea, s.d., Macfadyen s.n. (holotype: K?).
Gossypium pallens Gossypium pallens Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 16. 1838. "Siam couronne brun", without data, Rohr s.n. (holotype: C).
Gossypium paniculatum Gossypium paniculatum Blanco, Fl. Filip. 539. 1837. PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Bontoc Subprovince, 9 May 1914, Vanoverbergh 3659 (neotype: B; isoneotypes: A, FI, G, GRO, L, MO, NY, U). Neotypified by Borssum Waalkes, Blumea 14: 1-251. 1966.
Gossypium peruvianum var. marie-galante Gossypium peruvianum Cavanilles, var. marie-galante (Watt) Roberty, Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon. Marseille, ser. 6. 3: 42. 1945.Gossypium marie-galante Watt 1927. 
Gossypium prostratum Gossypium prostratum Thonning, in Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 311. 1827. GHANA: Without data, Thonning 328 (holotype: S).
Gossypium punctatum Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning, in Schumacher, Bescr. Guin. Pl. 308. 1827. GHANA: Without data, Thonning 327 (holotype: ?).
Gossypium punctatum var. jamaicense Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning, var. jamaicense (Macfadyen) Watt, Wild Cult. Cotton 170. 1907.Gossypium jamaicense Macfadyen 1837. 
Gossypium punctatum var. nigeria Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning, var. nigeria Watt, Wild Cult. Cotton 170. 1907, nom. inadmiss.Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium punctatum var. prostratum Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning, var. prostratum (Thonning) Watt, Wild Cult. Cotton 174. 1907.Gossypium prostratum Thonning 1827. 
Gossypium purpurascens var. taitense Gossypium purpurascens Poiret, var. taitense Parlatore) Roberty, Candollea 7: 332. 1938.Gossypium taitense Parlatore 1866. 
Gossypium religiosum Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 12. 462. 1767. Without data, Turra s.n. (lectotype: LINN 874.6). Lectotypified by Watt, Wild Cult. Cotton Pl. World 201, 203, pl. 32. 1907.
Gossypium schottii Gossypium schottii Watt, Sild Cult. Cotton 206. 1907. MEXICO: Yucatan: Merida, 24 Aug 1865, Schott 602 (holotype: BM; isotypes: F, MO, US).
Gossypium sericatum Gossypium sericatum Prokhanov, Bot. Zurn. SSSR 32: 73. 1947. MEXICO: Cult. in Tashkent,
Gossypium siamense Gossypium siamense Tussac, Fl. Antill. 2: 68. 1818. TAHITI: Without data, Moerenhout s.n. (holotype: FI; isotype: G-DC).
Gossypium tricuspidatum var. jamaicense Gossypium tricuspidatum Lamarck, var. jamaicense (Macfadyen) Mauer, Origin Syst. Cotton 315. 1954.Gossypium jamaicense Macfadyen 1837. 
Gossypium tricuspidatum var. oligospermum Gossypium tricuspidatum Lamarck, var. oligospermum (Macfadyen) Mauer, Origin Syst. Cotton 315. 1954.Gossypium oligospermum Macfadyen 1837. 
Gossypium volubile Gossypium volubile Ramirez Goyena, Fl. Nicarag. 1: 195. 1909.  
Gossypium purpurascens var. punctatum Gossypium purpurascens Poiret, var. punctatum (Schumacher & Thonning) Harland, Empire Cotton Growing Conf. 2: 24. 1934.Gossypium punctatum Schumacher & Thonning 1827. 
Hibiscus barbadensis var. oligospermum Hibiscus barbadensis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. oligospermum (Macfadyen) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 68. 1891.Gossypium oligospermum Macfadyen 1837. 
Hibiscus barbadensis var. religiosus Hibiscus barbadensis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. religiosus (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 68. 1891.Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus 1767. 
Hibiscus barbadensis var. hirsutus Hibiscus barbadensis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. hirsutus (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 68. 1891.Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus 1763. 
Xylon religiosum Xylon religiosum (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 616. 1794.Gossypium religiosum Linnaeus 1767. 
Gossypium herbaceum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Clarke, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
73672 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4565
AUA
GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.
TROY000045650 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Matthew Parker
221
TROY
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
15037 Dallas 19 JUL 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
126
AUA
GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.
UWAL0009553 Marengo 25 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3114
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
UWAL0032955 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27092
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
UWAL0006743 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12567
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum L. var. hirsutum
JSU131996 Jackson 19 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2112
JSU
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
TROY000044672 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
1407
TROY
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
TROY000043901 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27092
TROY
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
UWAL0034728 Limestone 02 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86296
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum L.
UWAL0017000 Mobile 02 Nov 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2453
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
UNAF0001683 Marion 00 May 1984 Cruce, Angie
02433
UNAF
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
JSU131995 Etowah 10 Oct 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4405
JSU
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
JSU131994 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18916
JSU
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
UWAL0033299 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6721
UWAL
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
71695 Lee 9 JUN 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP1175
AUA
GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.
TROY000006970 Crenshaw 12 Nov 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12244
TROY
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus
TROY000030011 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12567
TROY
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus var. hirsutum
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