Magnolia pyramidata

Family:MAGNOLIACEAE
Species:Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
Common Name:Pyramid Magnolia; Bartram's Magnolia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MAPY
Plant Notes:Pyramid Magnolia is a native deciduous tree in the Magnolia family (Magnoliaceae). It can be found in the southern two-thirds of Alabama. Pyramid Magnolia grows in rich hardwood forests, along the banks of streams, in steepheads and ravines, and on steep slopes. It is often a multi-trunked small tree to 30 feet, with an overall pyramidal shape. The bark is smooth and thin. On young twigs the bark is reddish-brown and on older limbs and the trunk it is grayish brown. Leaves are alternate, deciduous, rhombic-spatulate in outline, and entire. Leaf bases are cordate or auriculate. Leaves are broadest above the middle and glaucous on the lower surface. The leaves are typically clustered near the ends of branches. Flowers are large and showy. They are produced with the leaves at the ends of branches. Flowers have several creamy white tepals and numerous stamens and pistils. Flowers are fragrant with a musty smell that is unpleasant to some. The fruit is a cone-like aggregate of follicles. The fruit often becomes red as the seed mature. The seed are covered in a red fleshy aril. Pyramid Magnolia is available from some native plant nurseries. It is an excellent small tree for the home landscape. It also works well along a woodland margin or near a stream or other water body. Plants should be protected from damage from lawn mowers or string weed-eaters.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMAGNOLIACEAE - Magnolia family
Genus Magnolia
Species Magnolia pyramidata Bartram - Pyramid Magnolia; Bartram's Magnolia

Citation

Citation MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA W. Bartram, Travels Carolina 340, 408. 1791.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Magnolia auriculata var. pyramidata Magnolia auriculata W. Bartram, var. pyramidata (W. Bartram) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 18. 1818. Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram 1791.  
Magnolia fraseri subsp. pyramidata Magnolia fraseri Walter, subsp. pyramidata (W. Bartram) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 1983.Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram 1791.  
Magnolia fraseri var. pyramidata Magnolia fraseri Walter, var. pyramidata (W. Bartram) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 43. 1838.Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram 1791. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Butler, Chilton, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Monroe, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC002322 Dallas JOHNSTONE, GEORGE R.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000021627 Geneva 20 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96152
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
SAMF0003226 Clarke 10 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
86061
SAMF
Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram
UWAL0037996 Baldwin 23 May 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5388
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC036402 Bibb 14 SEP 1981 GOLDEN, MICHAEL S.
S.N.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
AUA_ACC013116 Butler 24 APR 1966 MIXON, WILLIAM
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00056894 Coffee 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11942
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
AUA_ACC034513 Butler 6 SEP 1979 JOHNSON, K. G.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000021359 Bibb 28 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11925
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UWAL0009896 Escambia 15 Apr 2011 Pancakce, D., Jr.
s.n.
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
AUA_ACC073231 Hale 13 MAY 2003 WOODS, MICHAEL
9733
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000048202 Autauga 03 Apr 2018 Matthew R. Parker
1568
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC002327 Dallas ANONYMOUS
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00055944 Houston 04 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
10987
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
TROY000041045 Autauga 03 May 2013 Brian R. Keener
7811
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UWAL0006706 Geneva 20 Apr 2005 Kral, R.
96152
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
TROY000006946 Dale 21 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13391
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UNA00062297 Bibb 28 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11925
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
TROY000021431 Crenshaw 03 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19696
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC051787 Dale 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5953
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
JSU131584 Coffee 18 Oct 1977 R. Kral
61145
JSU
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UNA00023911 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Norris H. Williams
354
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
AUA_ACC034518 Butler 18 APR 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
AUA_ACC049076 Coffee 6 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4657
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
AUA_ACC043541 Conecuh 20 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
448
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000045161 Geneva 25 Apr 2017 Cameron Byrd
1061
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram
UWAL0043370 Baldwin 08 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
467
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram
AUA_ACC043626 Butler 25 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2344
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00023912 Monroe 15 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7705
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
UWAL0017971 Clarke 10 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
86061
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
AUA_ACC066881 Chilton 20 JUL 2006 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
2028
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00067285 Chilton 20 Jul 2006 Alfred Schotz
2028
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
JSU131581 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC043540 Butler 19 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
400
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UWAL0011778 Autauga 03 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7811
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
JSU131583 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18991
JSU
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UNA00050053 Henry 12 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11184
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
USAM000008417 Baldwin 23 May 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5388
USAM
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC060385 Geneva 12 OCT 1997 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1570
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000006945 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
944
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC049145 Henry 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5238
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000006944 Coffee 04 Sep 2006 Jason D. Chesser
34
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
JSU131582 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18991
JSU
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UNA00050052 Geneva 10 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11198
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
AUA_ACC035345 Butler 12 SEP 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UWAL0010792 Butler 07 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22912
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UWAL0006707 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4155
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
TROY000021360 Hale 09 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13892
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC039873 Crenshaw 2 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
JSU131580 Baldwin 8 Jun 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9942
JSU
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC051445 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7503
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00029568 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Norris H. Williams
354
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
UWAL0034591 Escambia 03 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84216
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr. ex Pursh
AUA_ACC051285 Covington 16 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6824
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
AUA_ACC070383 Covington 20 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4039
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
TROY000035314 Butler 07 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22912
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
UWAL0034915 Hale 06 Aug 2016 Lobdell
0040
UWAL
Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram
TROY000006947 Dale 30 Mar 1997 Hannelore Rundell
49
TROY
Magnolia pyramidata Bartram
AUA_ACC070200 Escambia 29 MAR 2011 PANCAKE, JR., DALE C.
AUA
MAGNOLIA PYRAMIDATA BARTR. EX PURSH
UNA00045776 Dale 09 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11449
UNA
Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
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