Ammannia coccinea

Family:LYTHRACEAE
Species:Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
Common Name:Valley Redstem; Scarlet Loosestrife
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Scarlet Loosestrife is a native annual herb in the Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Scarlet Loosestrife occurs in swamps, along the margins of ponds and lakes, along streams and rivers, and in wet roadside ditches. Stems are succulent, glabrous, green in color, and often branched from near the base. The stems are slightly angled. Leaves are opposite, sessile, lanceolate in outline, with entire margins. The bases of the leaves are auriculate clasping. Leaves are glabrous or scabrous. Flowers are produce in sessile axillary cymes of 3-5 flowers in the axils of the upper leaves. Each flower has a tubular calyx and no or 4 pink petals. The fruit is a globose, purple-red capsule. Seed are numerous and yellow in color. The fruit and foliage of Scarlet Loosestrife is consumed by ducks and other waterfowl.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife family
Genus Ammannia
Species Ammannia coccinea Rottboell - Valley Redstem; Scarlet Loosestrife

Citation

Citation AMMANNIA COCCINEA Rottbøll, Pl. Horti Univ. Rar. Progr. 7. 1773.
Basionym: **
Type: JAMAICA: St. Catherine Par.: 1 mi. W of Spanish Town, 15 Nov 1958, Proctor 18339 (neotype: NY; isoneotype: A). Neotypified by S. A. Graham, J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 407. 1985.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ammannia coccinea subsp. purpurea Ammannia coccinea Rottboell, subsp. purpurea (Koehne) Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 250. 1880.Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz 1788. 
Ammannia latifolia var. octandra Ammannia latifolia Linnaeus, var. octandra A. Gray, in Engelmann et al., Pl. Lindheim. 188. 1850.Ammannia texana Scheele 1848. 
Ammannia pedunculata Ammannia pedunculata Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. Pl. 68. 1920. COLOMBIA: Magdalena: Cienaga, 10 Sep 1898, Smith 548 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CM, F, GH, K, P).
Ammannia sagittata var. angustifolia Ammannia sagittata de Candolle, var. angustifolia A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 10: 252. 1845. CUBA: Near San Diego, s.d., Sagra s.n. (holotype: P).
Ammannia sanguinolenta Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, Prodr. 33. 1788. Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).
Ammannia sanguinolenta subsp. longifolia Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, subsp. longifolia Koehne, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 13(2): 208. 1877.  
Ammannia sanguinolenta subsp. purpurea Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, subsp. purpurea Koehne, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 13(2): 207. 1877, nom. inadmiss.Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz 1788. 
Ammannia stylosa Ammannia stylosa Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 7: 41. 1841. LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: New Orleans, s.d., Wiedemann s.n. (holotype: LE).
Ammannia teres Ammannia teres Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 39. 1840. DELAWARE: Sussex Co.: Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by S. A. Graham, J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 407. 1985.
Ammannia texana Ammannia texana Scheele, Linnaea 21: 588. 1848. TEXAS: Comal Co.: Near New Braunfels, s.d., Lindheimer s.n. (holotype: ?).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Covington, Cullman, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1976 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000006850 Wilcox 03 Nov 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
16039
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0038283 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8861
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008332 Greene 27 Oct 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10638
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130565 St. Clair 9 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13702
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0030240 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26766
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00060497 Mobile 25 Dec 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8173
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0001817 Houston 22 Oct 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21671
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000021236 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19643
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006655 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18155
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00064853 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Brian R. Keener
2963
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018994 Autauga 24 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
169
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018981 Wilcox 22 Oct 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6389
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000033705 St. Clair 02 Sep 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13059
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002721 Jefferson 13 Oct 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3368
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008333 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8861
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000047257 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8861
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008341 Greene 29 Oct 1977 Michael G. LeLong
10029
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000021249 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18544
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0038731 Lawrence 01 Sep 2018 England, J. Kevin
9410
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottbøll
JSU130558 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3041
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0036475 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8606
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottbøll
TROY000006847 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18155
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000037486 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
221
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0019170 Bullock 06 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86432
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00008805 Mobile _ Jul 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018979 Shelby 24 Sep 1978 L. J. Davenport
903
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018985 Dallas 23 Oct 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6400
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000029195 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12737
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00068717 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1551
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018996 Montgomery 17 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
749
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00008810 Perry 06 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8190
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130555 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
639
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC063841 Montgomery 12 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14595
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
AUA_ACC003549 Lee 24 JUL 1950 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
UWFP012512 Sumter 26 Aug 1978 James R. Burkhalter
6111
UWFP
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0019358 Limestone 24 Aug 1991 Kral, R.
79606
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130547 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1473
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006652 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12737
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008334 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11828
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002717 Shelby 23 Sep 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3585
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130562 Marshall 19 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6794
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002720 Perry 03 Nov 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3390
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130553 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13844
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00055602 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Brian R. Keener
1036
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018982 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
728
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018992 Marengo 26 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6746
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000042784 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26766
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC067365 Choctaw 13 AUG 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12737
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
TROY000006849 Pike 01 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12164
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0033322 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6736
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130556 Etowah 4 Sep 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4334
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130551 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11830
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0019990 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5607
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008340 Greene 06 Jun 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9798
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130561 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10086
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002716 Lawrence 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4915
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008331 Greene 07 Jun 1979 Michael G. LeLong
10856
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000006848 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14595
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018964 Montgomery 17 Sep 1977 Denise Harvey
263
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018995 Tuscaloosa 04 Sep 1979 L. J. Davenport
1574
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018967 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6360
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0002353 St. Clair 02 Sep 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13059
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008329 Baldwin 23 Aug 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11345
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130563 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18538
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC048328 Barbour 20 NOV 1980 JACOBS, ROBERT
143
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
UWAL0035383 Marengo 16 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9886
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008339 Greene 19 Oct 1979 Michael G. LeLong
10978
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC041059 Calhoun 5 AUG 1982 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
11,830
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
JSU130548 Calhoun 2 Aug 1986 C. L. Lawler
1083
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006653 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2963
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130567 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18641
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00022796 Dallas 03 Aug 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018990 Dallas 25 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
183
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018983 Barbour 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6009
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0006654 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0926
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008335 Mobile 22 Sep 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9522
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130557 Etowah 9 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4015
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC069198 Lee 30 OCT 2006 LOEWENSTEIN, NANCY
SN
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
TROY000032211 Houston 22 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21671
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008336 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11883
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0030566 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87666
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130549 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 C. L. Lawler
1010
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008328 Baldwin 02 Aug 1980 Bob Lott
82
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130554 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18855
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0018052 Etowah 10 Sep 1989 Kral, R.
77111
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000006846 Covington 17 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13349
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00056024 Covington 30 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11551
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018976 Limestone 01 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6800
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018984 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6367
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0016589 Greene 18 Aug 2013 Spaulding, Dan
13839
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130559 Jackson 30 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8981
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006651 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1551
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008338 Morgan 28 Aug 1969 Robert Kral
36460
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC041928 Montgomery 9 AUG 1981 EBLE, C. F.
125
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
USAM000008337 Wilcox 04 Aug 1978 John H. Wiersema
407
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC035111 Shelby 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1881
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
JSU130550 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
883
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC005819 Blount 3 JUL 1965 ELLIS, H. C.
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
JSU130566 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13632
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00062943 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14595
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00069255 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 Kevin England
926
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018991 Lawrence 01 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6811
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018966 Lowndes 04 Sep 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6375
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0042843 Baldwin 09 Sep 2001 Larsen, H.S.
818
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000021250 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
926
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0013951 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1076
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130560 Jackson 22 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2130
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0008743 Lawrence 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4915
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC040091 Barbour 25 AUG 1982 GODWIN, JAMES C.
11
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
USAM000008330 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11828
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002715 Jefferson 22 Jul 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2902
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130564 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9188
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC061710 Choctaw 23 AUG 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1462
AUA
AMMANNIA COCCINEA ROTB.
JSU130552 Calhoun 22 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11378
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
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