Pinguicula lutea

Family:LENTIBULARIACEAE
Species:Pinguicula lutea Walter
Common Name:Yellow Butterwort
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PILU2
Plant Notes:Yellow Butterwort is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bladderwort family (Lentibulariaceae). It is found in the southern most counties of the state. It grows in very wet and sunny locations such as seeps, spring runs, and bogs. Yellow Butterwort is a perennial with a poorly developed fibrous root system. Leaves form a basal rosette. The leaves are sessile, ovate to elliptic in outline, glandular, with entire margins. The leaves are a yellowish-green color and the sides of the margins of the leaves are often revolute (rolled up). Flowers are solitary on a leafless glandular stalk (scape). The corolla has an expanded portion with 5 notched lobes. The corolla is bright yellow with a mass of yellow club-shaped hairs in the throat. The tube of the corolla is short and ends with a downward pointing spur. The tube and spur are yellow with reddish lines. The fruit is a capsule with many small brown seed. Like all members of the Lentibulariaceae, Yellow Butterwort is insectivorous. The leaves are covered with tiny glands which secrete a sticky fluid, giving the leaves a shiny appearance. Pinguia is Latin for “fat” and refers to the shiny appearance of the leaves. When an insect encounters the leaf it becomes trapped in this sticky fluid. As it struggles it comes into contact with more of the glands and eventually suffocates as it is covered with the fluid. The plant then secretes digestive enzymes that dissolve the soft parts of the prey. The Butterwort then absorbs the nutrients, especially nitrogen which in lacking in the acidic sandy soil where this plant grows. Yellow Butterwort is available from nurseries that specialize in insectivorous plants and should not be collected from the wild. It can be grown in a bog garden or terrarium.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLENTIBULARIACEAE - Bladderwort family
Genus Pinguicula
Species Pinguicula lutea Walter - Yellow Butterwort

Citation

Citation PINGUICULA LUTEA Walter, Fl. Carol. 63. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 83-G (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Fernald & Schubert, Rhodora 50: 224, pl. 1113. 1948; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 418. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Isoloba lutea Isoloba lutea (Walter) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 59. 1838 ("1836").Pinguicula lutea Walter 1788. 
Isoloba recurva Isoloba recurva Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 4: 59. 1838 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Pinguicula edentula Hooker 1823. 
Pinguicula campanulata Pinguicula campanulata Lamarck, J. Hist. Nat. 1: 335, t. 18(1). 1792.  
Pinguicula edentula Pinguicula edentula Hooker, Exot. Fl. 1: t. 16. 1823.  
Pinguicula lutea var. edentula Pinguicula lutea Walter, var. edentula (Hooker) Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 32. 1844.Pinguicula edentula Hooker 1823. 
Pinguicula lutea var. minor Pinguicula lutea Walter, var. minor Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 32. 1844. SOUTH CAROLINA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Escambia, Mobile, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00060546 Escambia 21 Apr 1962 Dianne Ingram
123
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
5280 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
TROY000006738 Mobile 16 Apr 1978 Ted Weems
s.n.
TROY
Pinguicula lutea Walter
46976 Mobile 8 APR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
47
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
UNA00042966 Mobile 27 Mar 1966 Jerry P. Thomas
s.n.
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
45776 Mobile 25 MAR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
021
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
UWAL0006612 Washington 05 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5150
UWAL
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
UNA00042967 Mobile 8 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
843
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
TROY000034294 Washington 05 Apr 2009 Brian R. Keener
5150
TROY
Pinguicula lutea Walter
30918 Covington 6 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
082
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
JSU129415 Mobile 15 Mar 1973 Ed Bordon
s.n.
JSU
Pinguicula lutea Walter
UNA00065205 Mobile 3 Apr 2004 L. J. Davenport
3067
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
USAM000008042 Mobile 23 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7442
USAM
Pinguicula lutea Walter
52092 Covington 13 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6813
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
UNA00027541 Mobile _ Apr _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
UNA00042962 Mobile 24 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
272
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
UWAL0006611 Mobile 07 Apr 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
37963 Baldwin 24 FEB 1982 JONES, T. R.
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
JSU129414 Mobile 15 Mar 1973 Ed Bordon
s.n.
JSU
Pinguicula lutea Walter
UNA00042959 Mobile 23 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1005
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
USAM000008043 Mobile 24 Mar 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9044
USAM
Pinguicula lutea Walter
JSU129413 Mobile 15 Mar 1973 Ed Bordon
s.n.
JSU
Pinguicula lutea Walter
UNA00042960 Mobile 28 Apr 1956 E. G. Patton
s.n.
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
AUA000031037 Mobile 18 Apr 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4626
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALT.
USAM000008041 Mobile 04 Apr 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4283
USAM
Pinguicula lutea Walter
UNA00042956 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
10
UNA
Pinguicula lutea Walt.
SAMF0004951 Mobile 03 Apr 2004 Davenport, L. J.
3067
SAMF
Pinguicula lutea Walter
24025 Baldwin 8 APR 1972 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
748
AUA
PINGUICULA LUTEA WALTER
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