Ruellia strepens

Family:ACANTHACEAE
Species:Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
Common Name:Limestone Wild Petunia
Habitat:Mesic woodlands over limestone, rocky stream banks.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RUST2
Plant Notes:Limestone Wild Petunia is a native perennial in the Acanthus family (Acanthaceae). It is found in rich woods and along streams in areas underlain by limestone. It Alabama it is most common in the Black Belt area of central Alabama and the Tennessee Valley of north Alabama. It is a perennial from tough, cord-like roots. Each root mass produces 1 or more up-right stems from 1-3 feet in height. The stems are green in color, slightly angled, and pubescent to nearly glabrous. The stems are occasionally branched in the upper half. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, entire, and pubescent or glabrous. Flowers are produced in the axils of the middle and upper leaves. The flowers are in glomerules of 1-5. The calyx lobes are lanceolate and glandular pubescent. Flowers are funnelform and pinkish purple to blue in color. The corolla has 5 rounded lobes and an undulate margin. Individual flowers last for a single day, and are easily detached. The fruit is a capsule. Limestone Wild Petunia is a larval host plant for Buckeye Butterflies (Junonia coenia). Limestone Wild Petunia is occasionally available from wildflower nurseries. It is the largest members of the genus in Alabama. Limestone Wild Petunia prefers light shade and moist, organic rich soil that is basic or neutral in pH.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyACANTHACEAE - Acanthus family
Genus Ruellia
Species Ruellia strepens Linnaeus - Limestone Wild Petunia

Citation

Citation Ruellia strepens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 634. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dipteracanthus micranthus    
Dipteracanthus strepens Dipteracanthus strepens (Linnaeus) Nees, Del. Sem. Hort. Vratisl. A. 1841: [3]. 1842.Ruellia strepens Linnaeus 
Ruellia strepens var. cleistantha Ruellia strepens Linnaeus var. cleistantha A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 327. 1878.  
Ruellia strepens var. micrantha    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1898 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000025536 Dallas 13 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
559
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00027551 Butler 13 May 1898 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
USAM000000684 Baldwin 25 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11773
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000021164 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1341
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67843 Dallas 13 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
550
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0035366 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7193
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67851 Jackson 30 Sep 1971 Kral, Robert
44592
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104157 Limestone 02 Jun 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00557
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AMAL00012116 Madison 08 Aug 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9813
AMAL
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000050730 Madison 06 Jun 2020 England, J. Kevin
11061
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0030008 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5708
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67863 Pickens 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43006
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AMAL00006488 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1400
AMAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00026844 Greene 28 Sep 1962 Harper, Roland M.
4539
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
JSU104154 Jefferson 17 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12486
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0051919 Madison 04 Oct 2020 England, J. Kevin
11264
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67854 Madison 20 Oct 1983 Kral, Robert
70997
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104165 St. Clair 03 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12098
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000043042 Colbert 26 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4888
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000037097 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
562
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0036530 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8233
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000052133 Lowndes 21 May 2021 Diamond, Alvin R.
29630
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67855 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1400
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0000012 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1341
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67859 Morgan 29 Sep 1981 Kral, Robert
67976
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000051492 Lawrence 20 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5206
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67846 Franklin 14 Sep 1971 Kral, Robert
43999
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104160 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3136
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025541 Montgomery 9 May 1970 Murchison, Grover R.
160
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67847 Franklin 04 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42936
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
USAM000000714 Madison 09 May 1976 Higgins, Charles
s.n.
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0003069 Marshall 11 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5962
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67849 Greene 28 Sep 1962 Thomas, Joab L.
715
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNAF0000034 Lawrence 11 Jun 1992 Spencer, Lisa
s.n.
UNAF
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000028675 Marshall 11 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5962
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67858 Morgan 18 Sep 1975 Kral, Robert
56553
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104155 Jefferson 23 May 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1554
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000046576 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
619
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
SAMF0004994 Hale 03 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
201
SAMF
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0016069 Colbert 26 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4888
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67844 DeKalb 11 May 1981 Collins, J.L.
5178
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104148 Etowah 08 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1407
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0018001 Lawrence 26 May 2015 England, J. Kevin
5437
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000014474 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18075
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00054123 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
850
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
ALNHS00001122 Limestone 12 May 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#454
ALNHS
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000036094 Montgomery 12 Apr 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20601
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67853 Lowndes 09 Sep 1968 Kral, Robert
33072
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025539 Lowndes 16 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
615
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00027548 Tuscaloosa _ Jun _ Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
AUA000025540 Lowndes 3 May 1971 Donovan, Lois A.
275
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
TROY000047566 Lowndes 29 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28602
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
SAMF0004995 Jackson 04 Jun 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3467
SAMF
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000030679 Morgan 6 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5689
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UWAL0032192 Etowah 29 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4667
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67848 Franklin 27 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46759
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
USAM000000718 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11879
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000050784 Sumter 12 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5253
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
SAMF0004997 Morgan 13 May 2001 Henderson, Matt
1
SAMF
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0016332 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25436
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67840 Choctaw 01 Jul 1980 Causey, Ann S.
2042
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104159 Madison 17 May 1973 Gurley, Bob
s.n.
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025538 Dallas 1 Jun 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1472
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
JSU104162 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18499
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00042847 Lowndes 16 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
615
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67841 Washington 03 May 1968 McDaniel, Sidney
10612
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104146 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18903
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00042849 Hale 03 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
201
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
AUA000025545 Wilcox 16 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
493
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00042844 Pickens 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43006
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67868 Wilcox 07 Oct 1971 Kral, Robert
44979
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025534 Choctaw 24 Aug 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1131
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
TROY000047465 Lowndes 29 Oct 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28591
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000038051 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8233
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UWAL0034050 Pickens 11 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6698
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67845 Franklin 23 May 1979 Kral, Robert
63710
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
USAM000000716 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11879
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0030917 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82344
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
UWAL0014535 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2963
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104150 Jackson 22 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17675
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0017116 Colbert 29 Apr 2012 England, J. Kevin
3390
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000014475 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19418
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0017253 Lawrence 20 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5206
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000014473 Butler 16 Aug 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17909
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00027547 Blount s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000043678 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5708
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67837 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88288
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104145 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88288
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025544 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
629
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67860 Morgan 03 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
34867
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025535 Colbert 17 May 1970 Redmond, Bill
094
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67861 Pickens 08 May 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2034
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
SAMF0004996 Blount 03 Aug 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3322
SAMF
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000030369 Morgan 6 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5708
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00042812 Etowah 18 Oct 1980 Williams, John S.
179
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
USAM000000717 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11899
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000033748 Marshall 11 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5962
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0011166 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3658
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0015291 Greene 27 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3550
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
AUA000025537 Dallas 13 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
550
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UWAL0031218 Pickens 12 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5239
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000039880 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3658
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67857 Marshall 26 Aug 1974 Golden, Michael
s.n.
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0000013 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1400
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67839 Clarke 30 Jun 1980 Kral, Robert
65558
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104147 Etowah 27 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1354
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000040579 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2963
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104161 Marshall 28 May 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4121
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0030013 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5689
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67647 Franklin 04 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42936
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104156 Lawrence 25 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17728
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0018514 Lowndes 23 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82473
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
JSU104149 Jackson 26 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1848
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0015326 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6020
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67864 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82344
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104158 Madison 22 Sep 1995 Threlkeld, Steven J.
80
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000049569 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
916a
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000041582 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25436
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000043905 Madison 9 Oct 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7940
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
AUA000025543 Morgan 3 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
34867
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67856 Madison 06 May 1977 Bell, Barry
42
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
USAM000000683 Baldwin 25 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11783
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AMAL00012114 Blount 19 Sep1998 Keener, Brian R.
1641
AMAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67867 Wilcox 16 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
493
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU142333 Franklin 14 Aug 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#696
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0035364 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7223
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67836 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Lelong, Michel G.
11879
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104163 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12785
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0014850 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
562
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000021218 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1400
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00058942 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88288
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67862 Pickens 05 Oct 1972 Kral, Robert
48803
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025542 Montgomery 5 Aug 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00054458 Blount 19 Sep 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1641
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
AMAL00020209 Greene 22 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#960
AMAL
Ruellia strepens L.
UWAL0032638 Lawrence 07 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6554
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67866 Washington 21 Sep 1969 Kral, Robert
37324
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104151 Jackson 04 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4213
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0030858 Sumter 22 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6407
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000043981 Lawrence 26 May 2015 England, J. Kevin
5437
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0046942 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
619
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0014780 Montgomery 12 Apr 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20601
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67842 Colbert 02 Jul 1987 Bryson, Charles T.
6337
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104153 Jackson 25 May 1975 Durham, Steven D.
463
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000042912 Montgomery 21 Apr 2018 Birkhead, Roger
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
BRIT67852 Lowndes 16 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
615
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104152 Jackson 10 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1790
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0030881 Sumter 12 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5253
UWAL
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67850 Hale 03 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
201
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
JSU104164 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12785
JSU
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00042848 Dallas 13 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
550
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
TROY000049697 Autauga 24 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1144
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UNA00042845 Franklin 04 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42936
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
BRIT67865 Sumter 06 Oct 1972 Kral, Robert
48884
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AUA000025459 Choctaw 24 Apr 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
886
AUA
Ruellia Strepens L.
UNA00042850 Pickens 08 May 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2034
UNA
Ruellia strepens L.
AMAL00018202 Choctaw 30 Jun 1980 Kral, Robert
65558
AMAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
UWAL0047908 Madison 06 Jun 2020 England, J. Kevin
11061
UWAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
BRIT67838 Blount 23 May 1979 Kral, Robert
63694
BRIT
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
USAM000000715 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11879
USAM
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
TROY000013779 Marshall 11 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2562
TROY
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
AMAL00012115 Limestone 26 May 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8959
AMAL
Ruellia strepens Linnaeus
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