Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
Common Name:Appalachian Bergamot; Wild Bergamot; Mint Leaf Beebalm
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Wild Bergamot is a native herbaceous perennial in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It is native to the northern and western portions of Alabama, but is absent from southeast Alabama. Wild Bergamot occurs in dry woods, in prairies, on rocky hillsides, on roadside banks, and in meadows. It is a perennial forming short stolons. The stems are erect, to 3 feet in height, square in cross section, green or purple in color, sometimes glaucous, and pubescent. The stems are unbranched or branched above the middle. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, lanceolate to elliptic in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves are pubescent. Flowers are produced in a terminal head-like cyme subtended by several leaf-like bracts. The bracts may be colored. The corolla is 2-lipped. The upper lip is entire and the lower lip is 3 lobed. The corolla varies in color from white, to lavender, to light or dark pink. The fruit is a mericarp. Two varieties of Wild Bergamot occur in Alabama. Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa has petioles and lower leaf surfaces pubescent with spreading hairs. Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. mollis (Linnaeus) Bentham has petioles and lower leaf surfaces pubescent with appressed hairs. Wild Bergamot is a popular native species. It is available from nurseries in a number of color forms. Wild Bergamot prefers well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Large clumps can be divided in the autumn, and addition plants can also be started from seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Monarda
Species Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa - Appalachian Bergamot; Wild Bergamot; Mint Leaf Beebalm

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1970 - 1970

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000050431 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
805
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126426 Jefferson 23 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
327
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126407 Calhoun 27 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
592
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0006351 Colbert 08 Jun 1982 Kral, R.
68741
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_41686 Coosa 9 Jul 1973 French, Tom W.
188
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_58354 Tallapoosa 12 Jul 1997 Tyler, Patricia J.
TYLER107
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000020981 Franklin 11 May 1997 Pennington, Tiffany
15
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126410 Calhoun 13 May 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126425 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
903
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126414 Clay 23 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
444
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000020983 Marion 14 Jun 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2167
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0035156 Morgan 01 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7850
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
TROY000020979 Blount 18 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1276
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0006884 Jefferson 27 Apr 2019 Campbell, Devon
15
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_30084 Talladega 22 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
3008
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126409 Calhoun 31 May 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11254
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42412 Jefferson 8 Jul 1972 Hallmark, Wendy
053
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126422 DeKalb 1 Sep 1982 Black, Randall
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0006382 Bibb 28 Apr 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6198
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65021 Jefferson 5 Jun 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12108
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126432 Marshall 21 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1810
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0031361 Jackson 15 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4314
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126439 Talladega 1 Jul 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
243
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42411 Cleburne 22 Jul 1972 Eudaly, Edwin M.
135
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
SAMF0004837 Jefferson 23 Apr 1959 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126412 Clay 19 Jul 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
775
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UNA00054441 Blount 3 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1154
UNA
Monarda fistulosa Sims
UWAL0006492 Sumter 06 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4616
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_12191 Clay 7 Jul 1968 Grimes, Jr., E.S.
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
SAMF0004831 Jefferson 25 Jun 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3478
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126423 Etowah 11 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1469
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_23872 Tuscaloosa 26 Jun 1971 Burdett, R.A.
075
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_28826 Talladega 27 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
3040
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
AUA000040387 Madison 23 May 2018 Swick, E.N.
1043
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126405 Calhoun 26 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
546
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0044638 Colbert 08 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10323
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
UWAL0050924 Tuscaloosa 11 Jun 1970 Gonsoulin, G.
1374
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_47006 Randolph 24 Jun 1973 Spencer, S.K.
035
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
SAMF0004836 Shelby 25 Jun 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2867
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20244 Lauderdale 8 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
229
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000020980 Fayette 12 Jul 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11990
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126418 Cleburne 19 Jul 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
782
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0006489 Jackson 09 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5433
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
JSU126402 Calhoun 12 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
462
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000031461 Fayette 09 Jun 1955 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126413 Clay 6 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11903
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0013792 Fayette 05 Jul 2009 Younghance, Steve
0222
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_21430 Clay 26 Jul 1970 Hopson, George R.
00124
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU145258 Cleburne 02 Jun 1993 Hutchinson, Francine
1688
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000044881 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4290
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126429 Jefferson 28 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
653
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126440 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4656
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0004830 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5465
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_47073 DeKalb 24 Jun 1972 Galloway, Juanita
42B
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126441 Tuscaloosa 10 Jul 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000029063 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12653
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus ssp. fistulosa
UWAL0013662 Madison 02 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8037
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
JSU126433 Marshall 2 Jun 1975 Wayner, Gary A.
516
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126424 Jackson 4 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1952
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126435 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4132
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000040278 Washington 24 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7346
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0034690 Limestone 22 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
78978
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
TROY000020984 St. Clair 09 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3673
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
USAM000007772 Madison 25 Jun 1976 Elam, G.J.
s.n.
USAM
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_27621 Clay 23 Jun 1975 Rutland, David W.
474
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
UNA00065324 Cleburne 18 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1546
UNA
Monarda fistulosa Sims
TROY000034492 Colbert 08 Jun 1982 Kral, Robert
68741
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126430 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
734
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126431 Marshall 12 Jun 1993 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0004835 Blount 25 Apr 2004 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3085
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_23874 Hale 4 Jul 1971 Mckitrick, S.R.L.
040
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126408 Calhoun 29 May 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_34713 Sumter 8 Jun 1979 Johnson, Kenneth G.
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000050990 Morgan 16 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4317
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126434 Marshall 2 Jun 1975 Wayner, Gary A.
516
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0012258 Washington 24 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7346
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126411 Clay 7 Jul 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
2072
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126437 Randolph 4 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
3981
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000028136 Sumter 06 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4616
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0031672 Shelby 23 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79061
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_23876 Tallapoosa 25 Jul 1971 Anderson, Robert
097
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000043611 Fayette 01 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4280
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
AUA_ACC_27576 Clay 24 Jun 1975 Rutland, David W.
528
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000037860 Fayette 05 Jul 2009 Younghance, Steven L.
222
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126427 Jefferson 9 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
171
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UNA00065088 Jefferson 5 Jun 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12108
UNA
Monarda fistulosa Sims
SAMF0004832 Clay 24 Jul 2014 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5648
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_20083 Sumter 16 Jun 1970 Moore, Harold D.
073
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126416 Cleburne 24 Jun 1969 Cofield, Jan
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126339 Blount 29 May 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
271
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17396 Cleburne 2 Aug 1969 Ellis, H.C.
165
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
UNA00040317 Tuscaloosa 11 Jun 1970 Simmers, Richard W.
1970
UNA
Monarda fistulosa L.
UWAL0006490 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12653
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
JSU126417 Cleburne 11 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
301
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UNA00053339 Fayette 20 Jun 1999 Haynes, Robert R.
10012
UNA
Monarda fistulosa Sims
UWAL0039878 Coosa 30 Apr 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27815
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_4108 Fayette 9 Jun 1955 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
UWAL0034545 St. Clair 28 Jun 1989 Kral, R.
76696
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_47289 Clay 14 Jul 1974 Williams, B.
92
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
TROY000034291 Jackson 09 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5433
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_27944 Clay 24 Jun 1975 Rutland, David W.
599
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_41685 Coosa 25 Jun 1973 Hanlin, H.G.
124
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126404 Calhoun 26 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
546
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0051900 Madison 04 Oct 2020 England, J. Kevin
11283
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L. var. fistulosa
AUA_ACC_67412 Madison 6 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12653
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L. Var. Fistulosa
JSU126421 Cullman 27 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5099
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0031523 Morgan 16 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4317
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
AUA_ACC_17395 Lee 25 Jun 1969 Floyd, Jr., John A.
032
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
SAMF0006794 Calhoun 01 Jun 2017 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6570
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126419 Cleburne 19 Jul 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
782
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0006491 St. Clair 09 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3673
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa L.
JSU126401 Calhoun 29 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0004833 Cleburne 18 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1546
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126436 Randolph 15 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4024
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0012924 Fayette 01 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4280
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
AUA_ACC_37180 Sumter 22 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
213
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126438 Talladega 19 Jul 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
355
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0013424 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4290
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000042766 Madison 02 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8037
TROY
Monarda fistulosa L.
AUA_ACC_13608 Talladega 21 Jul 1967 Thompson, Olivia C.
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126428 Jefferson 23 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
299
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126406 Calhoun 26 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
546
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
TROY000020697 Cherokee 22 May 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
52
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
JSU126340 Calhoun 12 Jul 1966 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
ALNHS00006817 Jackson 20 May 2020 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#5170
ALNHS
Monarda fistulosa L.
JSU126415 Clay 23 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
444
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0047727 Franklin 13 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
805
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
JSU126403 Calhoun 12 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
462
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
UWAL0044745 Marion 12 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10345
UWAL
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus var. fistulosa
TROY000044958 Coosa 30 Apr 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27815
TROY
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
SAMF0004834 Shelby 24 Apr 2002 Bowles, Mollie E.
14
SAMF
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_30197 Talladega 18 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
2949
AUA
Monarda Fistulosa L.
JSU126420 Cleburne 29 May 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1425
JSU
Monarda fistulosa Linnaeus
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