Monarda citriodora

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
Common Name:Lemon Beebalm; Lemon Bergamot; Lemon Mint
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MOPCI
Plant Notes:Lemon Beebalm is a native herbaceous annual in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It can be found in the Black Belt of Central Alabama and the Tennessee Valley of North Alabama in areas underlain by limestone. Lemon Beebalm grows in prairies, in cedar glades, on chalk outcrops, and on roadsides. It is an annual with a taproot. The stems are 6-24 inches in height, green or reddish in color, 4-angled, and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, elliptic to oblong in outline, toothed, and pubescent. The foliage has the odor of lemon or oregano. Flowers are produced in 2-3 whorls of head-like cymules. The flowers are subtended by a whorl of large purple bracts. Individual flowers have a green calyx with 5 teeth and a 2-lipped corolla. The upper lip of the corolla is entire and the lower lip is 3-lobed. The corolla is pinkish to lavender in color. The fruit is a mericarp. Lemon Beebalm is available from wildflower seed companies as seed. The seed should be planted in the autumn. Lemon Beebalm can be planted in a prairie or meadow garden or in a pollinator garden. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Monarda
Species Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca - Lemon Beebalm; Lemon Bergamot; Lemon Mint

Citation

Citation MONARDA CITRIODORA Cervantes ex Lagasca y Segura, Gen. Sp. Pl. 2. 1816.
Basionym: **
Type: MEXICO: Cult. in Spain,

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Monarda aristata Monarda aristata Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 5: 186. 1837, non Hooker 1836. ARKANSAS
Monarda nuttallii Monarda nuttallii J. C. Nelson, Bot. Gaz. 31: 397. 1901.Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca y Segura, var. tenuiaristata A. Gray 1870; Monarda aristata Nuttall 1837, non Hooker 1836. 
Monarda tenuiaristata Monarda tenuiaristata (A. Gray) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1038, 1337. 1903, nom. illegit.Monarda nuttallii J. C. Nelson 1901; Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca y Segura, var. tenuiaristata A. Gray 1870; Monarda aristata Nuttall 1837, non Hooker 1836. 
Monarda dispersa Monarda dispersa Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1038, 1337. 1903. MISSOURI: Barry Co.: Eagle Rock, s.d., Bush 122 (holotype: NY?).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Dallas, DeKalb, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, St. Clair, Sumter, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1893 - 2003

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU126326 Marshall 29 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2172
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0006488 Wilcox 14 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5315
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. ssp. citriodora
AUA_ACC030465 Montgomery 4 JUL 1971 MCKITRICK, S. R. L.
064
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00040281 Greene 06 Jun 1967 H. Naugle
G 337
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UWAL0006485 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3699
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. ssp. citriodora
JSU126322 Jackson 22 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2016
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
JSU126325 Lowndes 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14100
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC063412 Bibb 22 JUN 2003 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
11913
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG. ssp. CITRIODORA
JSU126321 DeKalb 30 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9023
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC020066 Lowndes 18 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
099
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00040283 Montgomery 05 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2159
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. var. citriodora
TROY000020929 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3699
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca ssp. Citriodora
TROY000033392 Wilcox 14 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5315
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
TROY000032995 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22232
TROY
Monarda citriodora Vervantes ex Lagasca
JSU126328 Sumter 4 Jun 1990 R. Dale Thomas
118
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC004112 Bullock 30 MAY 1951 THORNTON, A. L.
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA (CERV. EX LAG.) ssp. CITRIODORA
JSU126323 Jackson 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
6033
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
TROY000020970 Bibb 22 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11913
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca ssp. Citriodora
USAM000007768 Sumter 02 Jul 1983 R. Dale Thomas, Scott Thomas, Doug Wheeler
84543
USAM
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
TROY000035258 Bullock 17 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
744
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC013793 Lowndes 6 JUL 1967 ATKINS, W. B.
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
TROY000033772 Marengo 31 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2451
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
JSU126327 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
658
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0010891 Lowndes 23 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23053
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC014151 Montgomery 21 JUN 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00040287 Lowndes 28 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39810
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UNA00062327 Bibb 22 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11913
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UWAL0002682 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2451
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca var. citriodora
UWAL0011402 Bullock 17 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0744
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UNA00040277 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
658
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UWAL0010860 Macon 17 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23044
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
SAMF0004839 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5225
SAMF
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC049042 Bullock 19 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5056
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
AUA_ACC004107 Dallas 27 MAY 1950 ORR, WILLIAM P.
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00021992 Montgomery 23 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53358
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UNA00040285 Hale 25 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
USAM000007771 Lowndes 28 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39810
USAM
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0043399 Baldwin 22 May 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1369
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag.
AUA_ACC005105 Montgomery 30 MAY 1964 BOZARTH, GENE A.
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
USAM000007769 Greene 08 Jun 1979 Michael G. LeLong
10862
USAM
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
TROY000034978 Macon 17 May 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23044
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC049864 Montgomery 9 JUN 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5911
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00058453 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2239
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
USAM000007770 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39766
USAM
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
TROY000032097 Sumter 21 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5336
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC071082 Hale 7 JUN 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
569
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UWAL0044653 Lawrence 08 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10307
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca y Segura var. citriodora
TROY000034727 Bullock 17 May 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23039
TROY
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0019221 St. Clair 27 Jun 1989 Kral, R.
76675
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv.
AUA_ACC030895 Wilcox 15 JUL 1973 OWEN, J. T.
111
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UNA00040286 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39766
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UNA00040284 26 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UWAL0012084 Dallas 18 Jun 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6517
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC039148 Wilcox 20 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
658
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
UWAL0010907 Bullock 17 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23039
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
SAMF0004838 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Davenport, L. J.
5469
SAMF
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
JSU126320 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18796
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0004971 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22232
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UNA00055423 Lowndes 09 Jul 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1426
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. subsp. citriodora
UNA00040282 Sumter 01 May 1972 Frank Morris
9
UNA
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. var. citriodora
UWAL0006486 Sumter 21 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5336
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag.
JSU126319 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
311
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
UWAL0006487 Sumter 12 Jul 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3685
UWAL
Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex Lag. ssp. citriodora
JSU126324 Lowndes 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14100
JSU
Monarda citriodora Cervantes ex Lagasca
AUA_ACC046059 Wilcox 12 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3364
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
AUA_ACC050716 Bullock 26 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6939
AUA
MONARDA CITRIODORA CERV. EX LAG.
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