Collinsonia canadensis

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
Common Name:Northern Horsebalm; Richweed; Canadian Horsebalm
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:COCA4
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Collinsonia
Species Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus - Northern Horsebalm; Richweed; Canadian Horsebalm

Citation

Citation COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 28. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: USA. Virginia to Canada (lectotype designated by Stearn (1957) in Introd. Linnaeus' Sp. Pl. 47. 1957.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Collinsonia angustifolia Collinsonia angustifolia Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 114. 1828. OHIO: Athens Co.: E side of Cable Lane within Athens city limits, 29 Aug 2001, Peirson 383 (neotype: BHO). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia canadensis var. cordata Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus, var. cordata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Se4pt. 20. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Pickens Co.: Table Rock State Park, 27 Oct 2004, Darr 2022 (neotype: USCH; isoneotypes: MICH, USCH). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia canadensis var. ovata Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus, var. ovata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 20. 1814. NORTH CAROLINA: Graham Co.: S of Robbinsville, 27 Aug 1955, Wilbur 4653 (neotype: MICH). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia cuneata Collinsonia cuneata Wenderoth, Schriften Ges. Beförd. Gesammten Naturwiss. Marburg 2: 242. 1831. MICHIGAN: Van Buren Co.: SW of Bangor, 12 Sep 1959, Voss 9120 (neotype: MICH). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia decussata Collinsonia decussata Moench, Methodus 379. 1794, nom. illegit.Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Collinsonia ovalis Collinsonia ovalis Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 21. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Orangeburg Co.: Without locality, 13 Sep 1939, Godfrey 8219 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: NY). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia praecox Collinsonia praecox Walter, Fl. Carol. 65. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Chester Co.: Without locality, 6 Sep 1982, Newberry 1912 (neotype: NCU). Neotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia scabriuscula var. puberula Collinsonia scabriuscula Aiton, var. puberula Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 253. 1848. ALABAMA: Clair City, Sep 1843, Rugel s.n. (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by J. A. Peirson et al., Syst. Bot. 31: 406. 2006.
Collinsonia tuberosa Collinsonia tuberosa Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 17. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Collinsonia urticifolia Collinsonia urticifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 75. 1796, nom. illegit.Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Collinsonia scabriuscula Collinsonia scabriuscula Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 47. 1789. FLORIDA: Without data, Herb. Fothergill s.n. (holotype: BM).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Macon, Madison, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU125511 Calhoun 1 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1466
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125525 Cleburne 27 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1260
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125536 Marshall 6 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6775
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125528 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7456
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC053410 Jackson 19 SEP 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
2092
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
UNA00039969 Cullman _ Sep 1885 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU125519 Cleburne 25 Sep 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10368
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125515 Cherokee 6 Oct 1973 K. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125520 Cleburne 8 Nov 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14787
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0010288 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5012
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis L.
UNA00053979 Lawrence 18 Oct 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8223
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
SAMF0004808 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5313
SAMF
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125541 Winston 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7085
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00065473 Calhoun 02 Oct 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12205
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
TROY000038606 Bullock 09 May 2013 Bailee Dykes
1615
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125531 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1426
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125514 Calhoun 3 Oct 1972 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1098
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0031486 Morgan 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3918
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125512 Calhoun 4 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1490
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0014283 Franklin 06 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7594
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000035279 Butler 21 Aug 2012 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125539 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7204
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00039964 09 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
TROY000031457 Jackson 25 Aug 1981 T. Henderson
475
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000035641 Butler 21 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23396
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125510 Calhoun 25 Sep 1986 C. Dickson
s.n.
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC034389 Macon 15 OCT 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
JSU125533 Jackson 24 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
754
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125542 Winston 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6426
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000045813 Franklin 06 Oct 2012 Brian R. Keener
7594
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000020772 Calhoun 02 Oct 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12205
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125538 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19094
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC072247 Franklin 6 OCT 2012 KEENER, BRIAN R.
7594
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
JSU146113 Cleburne 02 Oct 1992 F. Hutchinson
1036
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000006414 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18463
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125517 Cleburne 27 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
836
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0011066 Butler 29 Aug 2012 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125530 Jackson 30 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7467
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125527 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2703
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000045826 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Brian R. Keener
7636
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0037259 Elmore 05 Sep 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14719
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU125524 Cleburne 13 Sep 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10349
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00064199 Cleburne 27 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
836
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU125521 Cleburne 21 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12906
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125513 Calhoun 1 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1479
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125534 Jefferson 28 Aug 1985 J. P. Barber
1739
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00039965 Winston 23 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41236
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU125537 Marshall 9 Sep 1995 D. D. Spaulding
7367
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125532 Jackson 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6965
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0012462 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23369
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UNA00039975 Cullman 8 Oct _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU125523 Cleburne 25 Sep 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10368
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125529 Etowah 4 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3506
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125540 Winston 23 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41236
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125526 DeKalb 20 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman, Jr.
210
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125509 Calhoun 25 Sep 1986 Carol Lawler
s.n.
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0014282 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7636
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066917 Calhoun 2 OCT 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12205
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
AUA_ACC037730 Monroe 13 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
749
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
UNA00017409 Cleburne 09 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
TROY000030404 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
383
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
TROY000035731 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23369
TROY
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125518 Cleburne 26 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
532
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125516 Clay 12 Sep 1993 J. M. Ballard
3340
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125535 Madison 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6236
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
UWAL0006419 Morgan 27 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1229
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis L.
UWAL0014235 Bullock 09 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1615
UWAL
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
JSU125522 Cleburne 8 Nov 1984 P. L. Smith
s.n.
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC037530 Jackson 25 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
475
AUA
COLLINSONIA CANADENSIS L.
UNA00053453 Winston 14 Oct 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1257
UNA
Collinsonia canadensis L.
JSU138682 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9395
JSU
Collinsonia canadensis Linnaeus
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