Collinsonia anisata

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Collinsonia anisata Sims
Common Name:Southern Horsebalm; Anise Horsebalm; Blue Ridge Horsebalm
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Horsebalm is a native herbaceous perennial in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It can be found in central and southern Alabama. Southern Horsebalm occurs in mesic hardwood forests, in mixed pine-hardwood forests, in ravines, and on slopes. It is a perennial from a thickened rhizome. Usually 1-3 stems are produced from the apex of each rhizome. The stems are erect, unbranched or branched above the middle, 4-sided, and green or purplish in color. The stems are pubescent below with unbranched hairs and glandular pubescent above. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, with toothed margins. The leaves are sparsely to moderately pubescent on both surfaces and glandular punctate on the upper surface. All parts of the plant have an anise odor when crushed. Flowers are produced in a terminal panicle or raceme. There are 2 flowers per node. The calyx is pubescent and glandular punctate with 5 lanceolate teeth. The corolla is zygomorphic, light yellow in color, with 4 fertile stamens. The fruit is a nutlet. The only other Horsebalm in Alabama with 4 fertile stamens is Whorled Horsebalm (Collinsonia verticillata Baldwin). That species is confined to extreme northeast Alabama, has 6 flowers per node, whorled leaves, and a lemon scent. It is also a spring flowering species.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Collinsonia
Species Collinsonia anisata Sims - Southern Horsebalm; Anise Horsebalm; Blue Ridge Horsebalm

Citation

Citation COLLINSONIA ANISATA Sims, Bot. Mag. 30. 1809
Basionym: Hypogon anisatum Rafinesque,Fl. Ludov. p. 148, 1817
Type: USA. South Carolina (lectotype designated by Shinners (1962): Bot. Mag. t. 1213. 1809)

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Collinsonia anisata var. major Colinsonia anisata Sims var. major Benth, in DC., Prodr. 12: 254. 1848 USA. Florida: locality unknown, Hooker 1846 (lectotype (designated by J. A. Peirson et al., Systematic Botany 31(2): 398-409. 2006): K!; syntype (Georgia, locality unknown, Nuttall):K!.
Collinsonia serotina COLLINSONIA SEROTINA Walter, Fl. Carol. 65. 1788.  
Collisonia verticillaris Collosinia verticellaris Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. p. 41. 1817. USA. Mississippi: Perry Co., slopes of Milky Creek in Camp Shelby Training Area 11, T3N R11W, Sect. 36., 7 Oct. 1996, S. W. Leonard 9655 (holotype: presumed destroyed; neotype (designated by J. A. Peirson et al., Systematic Botany 31(2): 398-409. 2006): MICH!; isoneotypes: GA!, NCU!, NY!)
Hypogon anisatum Hypogon anisatum (Sims) Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. P. 148, 1817 USA. South Carolina (lectotype designated by Shinners (1962): Bot. Mag. t. 1213. 1809)
Hypogon verticillatum Hypogon verticillatum Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. p. 148. 1817 USA. Mississippi: Perry Co., slopes of Milky Creek in Camp Shelby Training Area 11, T3N R11W, Sect. 36., 7 Oct. 1996, S. W. Leonard 9655 (holotype presumed destroyed; neotype (designated by J. A. Peirson et al., Systematic Botany 31(2): 398-409. 2006) MICH!; isoneotypes: GA!, NCU!, NY!)
Micheliella anisata Micheliella anisata (Sims) Briquet, in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenf.4(3a) p. 325, 1897  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1976 - 2003

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC051810 Covington 12 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7582
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
AUA_ACC050561 Dale 20 SEP 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8454
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UWAL0016005 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24462
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
TROY000035392 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Robert Kral
97683
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UNA00039973 Lee _ Oct 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC048987 Henry 1 OCT 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5569
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
TROY000033852 Pike 05 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22623
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC020625 Lee 26 SEP 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
712-69
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UNA00023684 Escambia 17 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9484
UNA
Collinsonia anisata Sims
TROY000020806 Autauga 17 Oct 1977 Robert Kral
61108
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
TROY000006419 Dale 08 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
343
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UNA00060833 Bullock 04 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14101
UNA
Collinsonia serotina Walt.
TROY000006418 Dale 03 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
97
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC043417 Monroe 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1408
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
AUA_ACC049531 Bullock 16 OCT 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5610
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
AUA_ACC014051 Macon 10 AUG 1967 EICHLIN, THOMAS D.
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
AUA_ACC053926 Bullock 27 MAY 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7393
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
AUA_ACC058420 Tallapoosa 4 OCT 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER170
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
TROY000006416 Butler 30 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12711
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC073878 Covington 21 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4471
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
UNA00056201 Geneva 05 Oct 1998 John R. MacDonald
12198
UNA
Collinsonia serotina Walt.
UWAL0031740 Crenshaw 13 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25506
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0044017 Baldwin 11 Apr 2001 Larsen, H.S.
669
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC044799 Lee MILLS, F.
23
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UNA00039972 Elmore 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6056
UNA
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0005871 Crenshaw 24 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69645
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
TROY000036508 Bullock 24 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
771
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UNA00039974 Mobile _ Sep _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC053176 Pike 30 JUN 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5929
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
AUA_ACC035653 Lee 16 OCT 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
387
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
AUA_ACC061228a Lee 12 OCT 2001 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
(2001-73)
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
AUA_ACC057033 Crenshaw 4 SEP 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11108
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UWAL0044946 Covington 24 Oct 2011 Hansen, C.J.
5292
UWAL
Collinsonia serotina Walt.
UNA00059263 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13703
UNA
Collinsonia serotina Walt.
UWAL0014246 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0771
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
USAM000007675 Baldwin 04 Nov 1967 B. E. Wofford
10271
USAM
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC039137 Wilcox 17 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1059
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UWAL0006420 Butler 01 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20993
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UNA00039971 Wilcox 17 Aug 1982 S. C. Gunn
1059
UNA
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0010210 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Kral, R.
97683
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0042611 Baldwin 30 Sep 2017 Bryson, Charles T.
25437
UWAL
Collinsonia af. serotina Walter
TROY000041850 Crenshaw 13 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25506
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC063135 Bullock 4 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14101
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
JSU125508 Autauga 17 Oct 1977 R. Kral
61108
JSU
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC026818 Tallapoosa 16 JUL 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
407
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
TROY000034380 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Brian R. Keener
5652
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
TROY000006415 Bullock 04 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14101
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0043999 Baldwin 28 Jul 2001 Larsen, H.S.
856
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC023045 Macon 1 OCT 1971 LANDERS, SUSAN
49
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UWFP011757 Baldwin 14 Oct 2002 J.R. Burkhalter with F. Nation
18837
UWFP
Collinsonia serotina Walter
UWAL0006421 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5652
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWAL0039976 Bullock 29 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4265
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC012994 Lee 28 JUL 1967 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
AUA_ACC035278 Covington 12 AUG 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
TROY000006417 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13703
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC004077 Lee 3 JUN 1921 ANONYMOUS
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
UWAL0014140 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24462
UWAL
Collinsonia anisata Sims
UWFP011756 Baldwin 18 Aug 2002 J.R. Burkhalter with H.S. Larsen
18634
UWFP
Collinsonia serotina Walter
AUA_ACC039955 Crenshaw 2 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
COLLINSONIA ANISATA SIMS
TROY000029561 Butler 01 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20993
TROY
Collinsonia anisata Sims
AUA_ACC004079 Lee JUN 1949 ORR, WILLIAM P.
AUA
COLLINSONIA SEROTINA WALTER
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