Ruellia humilis

Family:ACANTHACEAE
Species:Ruellia humilis Nuttall
Common Name:Low Wild Petunia; Fringe Leaf Wild Petunia; Hairy Wild Petunia
Habitat:Prairie grasslands, cedar glades, roadsides, and rocky mesic woodlands over limestone.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RUHU
Plant Notes:Low Wild Petunia is a native herbaceous perennial in the Acanthus family (Acanthaceae). It occurs primarily in the central and northern portions of the state in areas underlain by limestone. Low Wild Petunia occurs in prairies, on cedar glades, in rocky limestone woodlands, and on roadsides. It is a perennial that dies back to the roots each winter. The erect or decumbent, pubescent, branched stems are 6 inches to two feet in length. The stems are green or purplish in color. Several stems are often produced from the same rootstock. Leaves are opposite, sessile or short petiolate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, pubescent, with entire margins. Funnelform flowers are produced in sessile axillary glomerules. The flowers are light blue or pale lavender in color and only remain open for one day. However, the plant produces a succession of flowers from early summer through frost. The calyx lobes are linear and pubescent. The fruit is a glabrous capsule that “explodes” at maturity, scattering the seed. Low Wild Petunia can withstand drought and can grow in heavy clay “prairie” soils. It is sometimes available from wildflower nurseries, or can be grown from seed or stem cuttings. Seed capsules should be collected as soon as they turn brown to prevent losing the seed. Germination can be low, but the plant produces an abundance of seed.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyACANTHACEAE - Acanthus family
Genus Ruellia
Species Ruellia humilis Nuttall - Low Wild Petunia; Fringe Leaf Wild Petunia; Hairy Wild Petunia

Citation

Citation Ruellia humilis Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5(6[3]): 182-183. 1837 [1836].
Basionym: **
Type: Arkansas:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ruellia ciliosa var. humilis Ruellia ciliosa Pursh var. humilis (Nuttall) Britton, Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 9(8): 185. 1890. Ruellia humilis Nuttall 
Ruellia ciliosa var. longiflora Ruellia ciliosa Pursh var. longiflora A. Gray, Synoptical Flora of North America 2(1): 326. 1878.   
Ruellia humilis var. longiflora Ruellia humilis var. longiflora (A. Gray) Fernald, Rhodora 47(554): 56. 1945.Ruellia ciliosa Pursh var. longiflora A. Gray 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Cherokee, Clarke, Colbert, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000025521 Bibb 7 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11899
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
AMAL00019856 Mobile 18 Aug 2012 Horne, Howard E.
1839
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67832 Lee 20 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62531
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025520 Bibb 24 Aug 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1850
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
JSU104144 Talladega 19 May 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
348
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025519 Autauga 13 Aug 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
997
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
SAMF0004990 Lawrence 11 Sep 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5401
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0016136 DeKalb 13 Jul 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14061
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
BRIT67818 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14603
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103954 Franklin 06 Sep 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3151
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00007731 Lee 20 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62531
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042818 Greene 30 Aug 1965 Thomas, Joab L.
766
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU103960 Lawrence 12 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3593
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67833 Marshall 28 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
36450
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0000009 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Kral, Robert
67593
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103947 Bibb 07 Jun 1996 MacDonald, John R.
9529
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0000006 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 White, James E.
B-161
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025518 Autauga 7 Sep 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1169
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
BRIT67819 Cherokee 21 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
31743
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0009196 Colbert 21 Aug 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6652
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AMAL00019750 Colbert 03 Aug 1977 Cantino, Philip D.
1089
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0017231 Lawrence 16 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
883
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103955 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5324
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0052152 Bibb 13 Jul 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10763
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU104141 Lawrence 06 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4361
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025525 Mobile 30 May 1973 Taylor, John
13496
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
UWAL0053392 Madison 08 Oct 2020 Hansen, C.J.
7884
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU103958 Lawrence 12 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3593
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67824 Franklin 28 Jul 1972 Kral, Robert
47886
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0000005 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025524 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
TROY000035163 Macon 17 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23096
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00053988 Greene 30 Jun 1966 Thomas, Joab L.
829
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AMAL00022159 Franklin 27 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4615
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67825 Geneva 08 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31377
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
SAMF0004998 Greene 30 Aug 1965 Thomas, Joab L.
766
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025526 Sumter 30 Jul 1980 Freeman, John D.
15
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
UWAL0004966 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22226
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67827 Greene 30 Aug 1965 Thomas, Joab L.
766
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNAF0000046 Franklin 23 Sep 1985 Daly, Robert
s.n.
UNAF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00012108 Blount 8 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
928
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00055669 Blount 08 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
928
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU103959 Lawrence 12 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3593
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00065000 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3004
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
UWAL0014696 Bullock 07 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
833
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000013776 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67814 Autauga 13 Aug 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
997
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103949 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11747
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00059791 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 2003 Haynes, Robert R.
10405
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
BRIT67821 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Kral, Robert
67593
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103951 Cherokee 16 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14603
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0036115 Dallas 24 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9042
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00012110 Jackson 7 Sep 2001 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11065
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000051579 Franklin 27 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4615
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00021600 DeKalb 13 Jul 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14061
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67815 Bibb 07 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11899
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
SAMF0004991 Franklin 02 Aug 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3312
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000031914 Butler 10 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22226
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0000007 Sumter 20 Jul 1995 Ford, Eric
B-001
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0002864 Montgomery 26 Aug 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21542
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00063023 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU103956 Jackson 09 Aug 1976 Marx, P.S.
8800
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042804 Greene 18 Jun 1966 Naugle, Helen E.
G 97
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU104143 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9138
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00057710 Bibb 17 Jul 1993 Allison, James R.
7787
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
BRIT67831 Lawrence 23 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41272
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
SAMF0005125 Bibb 24 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5238
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0036387 Marshall 12 Aug 2017 England, J. Kevin
8362
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00008289 Bibb 7 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11899
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000051480 Lawrence 16 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
883
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00008475 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67835 Tuscaloosa 01 Jun 1997 Naczi, Robert F.C.
6379
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103952 Colbert 08 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18359
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0017323 Franklin 27 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4615
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000043942 Madison 8 Oct 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7884
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
UNA00062258 Bibb 07 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11899
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
JSU103957 Jackson 09 Aug 1976 Marx, P.S.
8796
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042830 Lawrence 23 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41272
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
SAMF0004993 Lawrence 16 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
883
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025522 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 Whetstone, R.David
14603
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
BRIT67830 Lawrence 23 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41272
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0017250 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5099
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00008766 Sumter 30 Jul 1980 Dalrymple, Larry
15
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042825 Autauga 13 Aug 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
997
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AMAL00017026 Dallas 1 Sep 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
179
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67826 Greene 30 Sep 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9860
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU104142 Morgan 07 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6080
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0011087 Macon 19 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23096
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0052866 Bibb 12 Aug 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11530
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
TROY000036349 Bullock 07 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
833
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67816 Bibb 07 Jun 1996 MacDonald, John R.
9529
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042817 Hale 21 Aug 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
79
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AUA000025523 DeKalb 11 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51170
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
JSU103948 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
116663
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00053548 Marengo 13 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2428
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AMAL00021633 Lawrence 16 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
883
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67820 Clarke 07 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31291
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
SAMF0006776 Bibb 20 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6391
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00012111 Madison 19 Sep 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
941
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AUA000025527 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 2003 Haynes, Robert R.
10405
AUA
Ruellia Humilis Nutt.
BRIT67834 Sumter 11 Jun 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2179
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNAF0000045 Franklin 23 Sep 1985 Daly, Robert
s.n.
UNAF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000050977 Lawrence 12 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4389
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0036104 Bibb 30 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8919
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0038577 Sumter 10 Sep 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10438
UWAL
Reullia humilis Nuttall
TROY000013777 Sumter 30 Jul 1980 Freeman, John D.
15
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67822 Colbert 14 Sep 1971 Kral, Robert
44023
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000013775 Bibb 07 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11899
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67817 Blount 08 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
928
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103950 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11541
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UNA00042827 Greene 30 Sep 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9860
UNA
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
TROY000046442 Clarke 08 Jun 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28356
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67828 Jackson 03 Sep 1971 Kral, Robert
43849
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
AMAL00012112 Madison 1 Aug 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
803
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
ALNHS00002495 Colbert 22 Aug 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-149
ALNHS
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
AMAL00012109 Etowah 20 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8613
AMAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67829 Lawrence 10 Aug 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12024
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
SAMF0004992 Randolph 02 Jul 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1265
SAMF
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
TROY000033003 Montgomery 26 Aug 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21542
TROY
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0031602 Lawrence 12 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4389
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
UWAL0030475 Morgan 24 Jul 2015 England, J. Kevin
5536
UWAL
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
JSU103953 Etowah 03 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3459
JSU
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
BRIT67823 DeKalb 11 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51170
BRIT
Ruellia humilis Nuttall
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