Carya cordiformis

Family:JUGLANDACEAE
Species:Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
Common Name:Bitternut Hickory; Swamp Hickory
Habitat:Damp bottom lands and floodplains.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Bitternut Hickory is a large native deciduous tree in the Walnut family (Juglandaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Bitternut Hickory occurs on river banks, in floodplain forest, along streams, on hillsides, and in glades. It is a large tree reaching 160 feet in height. The bark is thin and tight. On young shoots it is smooth and silvery gray. On older trees it is furrowed with narrow ridges. The terminal bud is elongate with scales that are valvate and yellow or tan in color. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, and pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. The terminal leaflet is the largest. Leaflets are ovate-lanceolate in outline, and serrate. The upper surface of the leaflet is dark green in color and glabrous, the lower surface is lighter green in color and pubescent along the veins. The leaves turn yellow before falling in the autumn. Bitternut Hickory is monoecious with male and female flowers produced in the same tree. Male flowers are produced in drooping, yellowish-green catkins in the early spring. Female flowers are produced in a terminal spike of 1-4 flowers. The fruit is a nut enclosed in a thin husk. The fruit is ovoid with 4 ridges that extend from the outer tip of the fruit to about the midpoint. The husk splits along these ridges to release the nut. The meat of the nut is very bitter, and few animals eat them. Bitternut Hickory leaves are a larval food source for the Banded Hairstreak Butterfly (Satyrium calanus).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyJUGLANDACEAE - Walnut family
Genus Carya
Species Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch - Bitternut Hickory; Swamp Hickory

Citation

Citation CARYA CORDIFORMIS (Wangenheim) K. Koch, Dendrologie 1: 597. 1869.
Basionym: Juglans cordiformis Wangenheim 1787.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Carya amara Carya amara (F. Michaux) Nuttall, N. Amer. Sylva 1: 57. 1859.Juglans amara F. Michaux 1817. 
Juglans alba var. minima Juglans alba Linnaeus, var. minima Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 68. 1785.  
Juglans amara Juglans amara F. Michaux, Hist. Arbr. Forest. 1: 177, t. 4. 1810.  
Juglans cordiformis Juglans cordiformis Wangenheim, Beytr. Teutsch. Holzger. Forstwiss. Nordam.Holz. 25, pl. 10, fig. 25. 1787.  
Hicoria cordiformis Hicoria cordiformis (Wangenheim) Britton, in Britton & Shafer, N. Amer. Trees 228. 1908.Juglans cordiformis Wangenheim 1787. 
Hicoria minima Hicoria minima (Marshall) Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 284. 1888.Juglans alba Linnaeus, var. minima Marshall 1785. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Etowah, Franklin, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1967 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU127558 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1447
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0038656 Morgan 20 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9610
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
11512 Lee 13 AUG 1967 HAMILTON, JAMES H.
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127563 Limestone 27 Oct 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00888
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006345 Dale 16 May 1997 Hannelore Rundell
178
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00053573 Dallas 30 Sep 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2463
UNA
Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127553 Cleburne 8 Mar 1984 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127561 Jackson 9 Sep 1972 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0017491 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26216
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006344 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11733
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127548 Calhoun 31 Jul 1996 S. E. Hruska
1397
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031866 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 1967 Joab L. Thomas
269
UNA
Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127547 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11832
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127556 Colbert 5 Jul 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006347 Pike 14 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11837
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0012465 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23377
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006343 Coffee 15 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
325
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000042098 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26216
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127568 Talladega 29 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13774
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0038674 Lawrence 08 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9588
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
61136 Choctaw 22 OCT 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1288
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127557 Etowah 24 Sep 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4384
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000035674 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23377
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0038610 Lawrence 01 Sep 2018 England, J. Kevin
9420
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
26858 Tallapoosa 12 AUG 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
480
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UWAL0033325 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6730
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127565 Randolph 17 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2697
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127554 Cleburne 10 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
SAMF0002295 Jefferson 12 Sep 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3570
SAMF
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127560 Jackson 9 Sep 1972 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0013742 Coosa 20 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24050
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006346 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17119
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
42419 Lee 23 JUN 1972 NELSON, JOHN
27
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UWAL0032740 Franklin 27 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6401
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127562 Lauderdale 4 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18337
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127564 Marshall 18 Apr 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3488
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
SAMF0002296 Jefferson 17 Aug 1948 Pannell, E. J.
s.n.
SAMF
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031876 Morgan 04 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
934
UNA
Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
TROY000038252 Coosa 20 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24050
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127567 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13597
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127549 Calhoun 7 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1136
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127555 Cleburne 10 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127551 Calhoun 19 Jun 1970 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000030362 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
391
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000020530 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19634
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000043937 Henry 26 May 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27423
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
53611 Talladega 19 OCT 1993 HILTON, JAREL L.
135
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UWAL0006401 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19634
UWAL
Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
48247 Shelby 26 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
186
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127550 Calhoun 18 Sep 1968 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127559 Jackson 22 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
700
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000045189 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
9
TROY
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127552 Cherokee 19 Sep 1985 T. L. Shaddix
029
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
USAM000007467 Mobile 27 May 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10263
USAM
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
73841 Covington 21 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4505
AUA
CARYA CORDIFORMIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU139158 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10183
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127566 Talladega 22 Apr 1995 J. M. Ballard
5464
JSU
Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: