Justicia ovata

Family:ACANTHACEAE
Species:Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
Common Name:Loose Flower Water Willow; Coastal Plain Water Willow
Habitat:Wooded swamps, sloughs, ox-bows. Often on the bases of bald cypress.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:JUOVO
Plant Notes:Coastal Plain Water Willow is a native herbaceous perennial in the Acanthus family (Acanthaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Coastal Plain Water Willow occurs in swamps, in hardwood floodplain forests, around the margins of ox bow lakes and sloughs, on sand bars, and in roadside ditches. It is a perennial from a rhizome, sometimes forming extensive clones. The stems are erect, 4-angled, green in color, and glabrous. Leaves are opposite, sessile or with short petioles, lanceolate to elliptic or ovate in outline, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs, with entire or crenate margins. The flowers are produced solitary or in pairs in axillary and terminal spikes. The calyx has 5 linear green lobes. The corolla is 2-lipped and white to purple in color. The lower lip of the corolla is marked with dark purple. The fruit is a capsule. Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. lanceolata (Chapman) Long has flowers produced mostly on the same side of the spike, singly and more widely spaced, leaves 5× as long as wide, and smooth seed.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyACANTHACEAE - Acanthus family
Genus Justicia
Species Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau - Loose Flower Water Willow; Coastal Plain Water Willow

Citation

Citation JUSTICIA OVATA (Walter) Lindau, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 2: 237. 1900.
Basionym: Dianthera ovata Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Georgetown Co.: Andrews, 14 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 545 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: BH, CA, CAS, MO). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 476. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dianthera humilis Dianthera humilis (Michaux) A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 235. 1870.BASIONYM: Justicia humilis Michaux 1803. 
Dianthera ovata Dianthera ovata Walter, Fl. Carol. 63. 1788. TYPE: SOUTH CAROLINA: Georgetown Co.: Andrews, 14 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 545 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: BH, CA, CAS, MO). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 476. 2008.
Ecbolium ovatum Ecbolium ovatum (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 978. 1891.BASIONYM: Dianthera ovata Walter 1788. 
Justicia humilis Justicia humilis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 8. 1803. TYPE: "Carolina ad Floridam",

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lamar, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0050016 Elmore 17 Jun 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29328
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
USAM000000707 Baldwin 20 Jun 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5427
USAM
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000000720 Houston 20 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62106
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
USAM000000706 Baldwin 08 May 1970 Wofford, B. Eugene
10469
USAM
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025419 Dale 9 Jun 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7440
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0018101 Limestone 22 Jun 1991 Kral, Robert
79005
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lind.
AUA000025412 Baldwin 28 Jun 1977 Botts, Daniel A.
009
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0037064 Morgan 20 Jun 2017 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Justicia ovata
AMAL00013348 Butler 22 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16735
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
TROY000000711 Barbour 15 Jul 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12548
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025423 Pike 4 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9616
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000000714 Coffee 18 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17593
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AMAL00007511 Houston 20 Jun 1978 Kral, Robert
62106
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
UWAL0016434 Butler 15 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25221
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025413 Bullock 25 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5088
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UNA00042780 Dallas 31 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
720
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0011237 Houston 02 May 2007 Kral, Robert
97926
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
TROY000000713 Choctaw 30 Jun 1980 Kral, Robert
65557
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000028130 Marengo 02 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1282
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UNA00042782 Henry 11 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6648
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000032518 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22010
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000035015 Houston 20 May 2006 Kral, Robert
97422
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
USAM000000705 Baldwin 25 May 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7761
USAM
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UNA00065671 Tuscaloosa 22 May 2006 Bryson, Charles T.
21494
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000014492 Bullock 03 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19527
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025425 Russell 1 Jul 1977 Elliott, L.F.
494
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UNA00042779 Pike 06 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47347
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
AUA000025424 Pike 21 Oct 1982 Brown, S.M.
131
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
AUA000026953 Dallas 25 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-251
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau Var. Ovata
JSU103839 Coffee 18 Oct 1977 Kral, Robert
61147
JSU
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
BRIT67653 Pike 06 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47347
BRIT
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000014490 Butler 13 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17781
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000000719 Escambia 03 Aug 2000 Searcy, Darryl
s.n.
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000049852 Elmore 17 Jun 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29328
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025415 Clarke 11 May 1981 Henderson, T.
053
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UNA00027553 Baldwin 01 Sep 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
AUA000025417 Conecuh 18 May 1996 Burkhalter, James R.
14979
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000036155 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1161
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000042058 Hale 25 May 2018 Hansen, Curtis J.
7140
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000050655 Hale 25 May 2018 Hansen, Curtis J.
7140
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UNA00066295 Butler 23 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16735
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0014755 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1161
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
USAM000000703 Lamar 27 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39780
USAM
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025416 Conecuh 12 Jul 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7576
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau Var. Ovata
ALNHS00000488 Dallas 25 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-251
ALNHS
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
AUA000025420 Monroe 19 May 1981 O'Halloran, K.
153
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
AMAL00007969 Pike 6 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47347
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
UNA00042783 Perry 21 Aug 1978 Wiersema, John H.
469
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0018451 Houston 05 May 1987 Kral, Robert
73968
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
AMAL00014538 Coffee 18 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17593
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
UWAL0002106 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21356
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000032117 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21356
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UWAL0009523 Sumter 15 Jun 1982 Long, Jackie
1
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
AMAL00019871 Houston 20 May 2006 Kral, Robert
97422
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
UWAL0034274 Conecuh 13 Jul 1995 Kral, Robert
85231
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025421 Monroe 1 Jun 1981 O'Halloran, K.
160
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000014493 Crenshaw 20 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19583
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UNA00022518 Greene 05 Aug 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2336
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UNA00027554 Wilcox 29 May 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000000721 Pike 25 Oct 2006 Roberts, Carla
128
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AMAL00012872 Butler 13 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17781
AMAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
TROY000042664 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26482
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
BRIT67654 Pike 06 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47347
BRIT
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000014491 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18055
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025422 Pike 30 Aug 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6307
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000000716 Coffee 03 May 2000 Martin, Brian H.
697
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000028642 Escambia 23 Jul 2000 Searcy, D.N.
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
UWAL0011243 Conecuh 04 May 2007 Kral, Robert
97987
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau var. ovata
AUA000025414 Choctaw 6 Jun 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
963
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
USAM000000704 Baldwin 30 Jul 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9322
USAM
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UWAL0004976 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22010
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000000717 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13366
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000039282 Butler 15 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25221
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
AUA000025418 Crenshaw 31 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9781
AUA
Justicia Ovata (Walt.) Lindau
TROY000000715 Coffee 02 May 2000 Martin, Brian H.
654
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UWAL0019792 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26482
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UWAL0050372 Hale 25 May 2018 Hansen, Curtis J.
7140
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Forsyth f.
UWAL0013583 Marengo 24 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3077
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau var. ovata
TROY000000712 Butler 22 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16735
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
TROY000000718 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13166
TROY
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
UWAL0039493 Marshall 11 Jul 2017 Webb, David H.
8473
UWAL
Justicia ovata (Walter) Lindau
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