Quercus michauxii

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus michauxii Nuttall
Common Name:Swamp Chestnut Oak; Cow Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:QUMI
Plant Notes:Swamp Chestnut Oak is a large native deciduous tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Swamp Chestnut Oak occurs on river floodplains, in swamps, and in low hardwood forests. It is a large tree reaching heights of 60-80 feet. The bark is light gray and shaggy, with long plates. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, obovate to elliptic in outline, with toothed margins. Leaves are dark green and glabrous above, gray-glaucous and pubescent below. The leaves turn red or orange before falling. Male flowers are produced in drooping, greenish-yellow catkins. Female flowers are 1-3 on a short peduncle. The fruit is a nut. Acorns mature in one season. The deep bowl-shaped cup encloses about ½ of the acorn. The acorns are relatively large and sweet and are readily consumed by a variety of wildlife. Cattle sometimes feed on the acorns, giving rise to an alternate common name for this species— "cow oak". Basket Oak is another common name for this species. Thin strips of the tough but flexible wood is used to weave baskets and chair bottoms. Swamp Chestnut Oak is also an important timber tree, the wood being used for construction, flooring, cross ties, and handles. Swamp Chestnut Oak is available from many nurseries, especially those selling wildlife food plants. It grows best in wet to moist acidic soils in full to partial sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus michauxii Nuttall - Swamp Chestnut Oak; Cow Oak

Citation

Citation QUERCUS MICHAUXII Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 215. 1818.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus prinus var. michauxii Quercus prinus Linnaeus, var. michauxii (Nuttall) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 424. 1860.Quercus michauxii Nuttall 1818. 
Quercus versicolor Quercus versicolor Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 20. 1838. "Carolina and Florida",
Quercus prinus    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1883 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC061209 Choctaw 20 OCT 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1219
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
JSU123748 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18625
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123733 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
274
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032599 Tuscaloosa 17 Nov 1968 Brooks, Carol J.
560
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU123731 Calhoun 17 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
493
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0007712 Greene 25 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1223
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000035646 Butler 21 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23394
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032573 Montgomery _ Apr _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UWAL0011282 Conecuh 08 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23157
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123735 Calhoun 2 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12040
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123750 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 Nixon, Christopher F.
2006
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC010213 Tallapoosa 29 APR 1962 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
UNA00032588 15 Jun 1891 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UNA00032542 Tuscaloosa 08 Nov 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1859
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
AUA000037429 Montgomery 09 Sep 2018 BIRKHEAD, ROGER
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000005991 Pike 05 May 1995 Martin, Joe
86
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA000031192 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4770
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII
JSU123741 Cleburne 29 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123752 Talladega 22 Apr 1995 Ballard, J. Mark
5451
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC063700 Covington 19 MAY 2004 PANCAKE, JR., DALE C.
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000005983 Coffee 01 Oct 1999 Martin, Brian H.
274
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123745 Jefferson 23 May 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1563
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0046226 Autauga 14 Dec 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1482
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
TROY000005990 Montgomery 20 May 1999 Sansom, Tim
8
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0034447 Butler 12 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85203
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005997 Pike 01 May 1997 Holmes, Jeanese
323
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00064093 Calhoun 11 Jul 1996 Lawler, Carol L.
743
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000047702 Autauga 26 Jun 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1730
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC045185 Jefferson 25 MAY 1979 GILCHRIST, SCOTT M.
096
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000044326 Montgomery 11 Nov 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27717
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123739 Cleburne 29 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00048886 Henry 07 Apr 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10124
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
AUA_ACC064860 Crenshaw 19 SEP 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14713
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
JSU144372 Calhoun 04 May 1967 Prater, Pat
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032518 Walker 03 Nov 1984 Horn, Charles N.
654
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000021593 Greene 25 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1223
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC011362 Macon 15 JUL 1968 DIEM, JOHN R.
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000041231 Elmore 26 Jul 2011 Pullen, Robert
124
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0035677 Tuscaloosa 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6128
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
TROY000005984 Crenshaw 19 Sep 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14713
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032583 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 1966 Thomas, Joab L.
899
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UNA00054557 Blount 2 Nov 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1774
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005992 Pike 28 Oct 1999 Mims, Melinda
2
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
USAM000006919 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7576
USAM
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123729 Calhoun 11 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
743
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC010663 Macon 15 MAY 1963 SMOOT, B. C.
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
JSU123738 Cleburne 4 Oct 1972 Washington, Connie
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA000037764 Calhoun 16 Apr 2016 PRUITT, S.
28
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
UWAL0038886 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 Hansen C. J.
4770
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU123746 Limestone 27 Oct 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00887
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032547 Hale 03 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
216
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UNA00064344 Crenshaw 19 Sep 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14713
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UWAL0006276 Marion 20 Jul 1982 Kral, R.
69514
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU123736 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19015
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123734 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
274
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00069218 Marengo 2 May 2008 England, J. Kevin
786
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000036649 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7197
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0046800 Jackson 03 Sep 2019 Webb, David H.
8748
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000033611 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Dykes, Bailee
64
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123747 Madison 25 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2678
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0047076 Autauga 26 Jun 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1730
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123753 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13598
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC044401 Conecuh 29 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2743
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
JSU123749 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19106
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0017487 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26242
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123751 St. Clair 23 Apr 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14992
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032538 Greene 05 Oct 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1846
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU140075 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-61
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032578 Tuscaloosa 17 Nov 1968 Brooks, Carol J.
559
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU123730 Calhoun 17 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
493
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC058296 Tallapoosa 10 MAY 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER71
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000035287 Conecuh 08 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23157
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
USAM000006921 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7561-A
USAM
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC072054 Clarke 22 MAY 2012 HORNE, HOWARD E.
SWS-185
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
JSU138664 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10230
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032552 Lawrence 22 Aug 1949 Segars, Charles B.
147
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
AUA_ACC062912 Cleburne 12 AUG 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
UNA00032503 Blount 14 Jun 1883 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UNA00032598 Tuscaloosa 17 Nov 1968 Brooks, Carol J.
556
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU123732 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11852
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
TROY000005982 Coffee 15 Nov 1999 Allen, Anthony
10
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123737 Cleburne 29 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
TROY000042108 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26242
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032528 Tuscaloosa 02 Jun 1955 Chermock, Ottilie D.
s.n.
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005986 Dale 31 May 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
151
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0044995 Bullock 18 Jul 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4037
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123742 Etowah 30 Oct 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
4060
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
SAMF0002247 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 1966 Thomas, Joab L.
899
SAMF
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
TROY000048124 Autauga 14 Dec 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1482
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC049524 Pike 6 NOV 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5628
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000020035 Marengo 02 May 2008 England, J. Kevin
786
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0007713 Marengo 02 May 2008 England, J. Kevin
0786
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005989 Escambia 28 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
299
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00032533 Tuscaloosa 08 Nov 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1860
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
UNA00032513 Lamar 22 Sep 1981 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2177
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005988 Dale 17 May 1995 McCarter, Robby
8
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
USAM000006920 Clarke 16 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7051
USAM
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123740 Cleburne 29 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UWAL0043563 Baldwin 19 Aug 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1090
UWAL
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
JSU138665 Blount 02 Nov 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1774
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
AUA_ACC014252 Montgomery 3 AUG 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
QUERCUS MICHAUXII NUTT.
TROY000005987 Dale 03 May 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
612
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
JSU123744 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
729
JSU
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
SAMF0006089 Tuscaloosa 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6128
SAMF
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
UNA00072220 Monroe 6 Apr 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-99
UNA
Quercus michauxii Nutt.
TROY000005985 Dale 20 Apr 1998 Suell, Alexa
22
TROY
Quercus michauxii Nuttall
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