Quercus laevis

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus laevis Walter
Common Name:Turkey Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:QULA2
Plant Notes:Turkey Oak is a native deciduous tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It can be found in the southern two-thirds of Alabama. Turkey Oak occurs in xeric (very dry) longleaf pine woodlands, scrub oak sandhills, on dunes, and on shallow soils of rock outcrops. It is a member of the red oak group. The acorns require two years to mature and are higher in tannins than those of the white oak group. Turkey Oak usually has a single trunk. Trees can grow to 60 feet in height, but are usually in the 20-30 foot range. The bark is dark gray and deeply furrowed. Turkey Oak has large sharply lobed leaves that are turned at a ninety-degree angle to the direct rays of the sun at noon. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, thick in texture, and glabrous except for tuffs of hairs in the axils of the veins on the lower surface. The leaves ovate to elliptic in outline and have three to seven large, bristle-tipped lobes. They somewhat resemble the tract of a bird. The leaves often turn bright red or yellow in the autumn. They turn brown after several frosts and remain on the tree until spring. Turkey Oak produces greenish-yellow catkins of male flowers in the spring. Female flowers are sessile or short stalked in the axils of the leaves. The fruit is an acorn. The acorns are about one inch in length, and have a high crude fat content. They are a valuable food source for animals. The bark of Turkey Oak is relatively thick and protects the tree from ground fires. Turkey Oak grows best in full sun in well drained soils. It is sometimes available from native plant nurseries or can be grown from seed. Seedling develop deep tap roots and are not easily transplanted.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus laevis Walter - Turkey Oak

Citation

Citation QUERCUS LAEVIS Walter, Fl. Carol. 234. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Lexington Co.: Bluefield Road, 21 Sep 1987, Hill 18860 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: MO, NCU, NY, USCH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 482. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus catesbaei Quercus catesbaei Michaux, Hist. Chênes Amér. Quercus no. 17, pl. 29. 1801.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
5463 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000005936 Escambia 05 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14459
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032418 Clarke 4 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39705
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
AUA000030714 Covington 19 May 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4006
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALT.
UNA00045749 Geneva 6 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11362
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UNA00032433 Tuscaloosa 10 Oct 1982 Robert Burckhalter
47
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
USAM000006890 Baldwin 09 Sep 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3729
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
USAM000006892 Mobile 09 May 1969 D. L. Scott
300
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0015898 Conecuh 24 Oct 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23533
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
63185 Hale 4 JUN 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10395
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0007691 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3128
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
JSU123510 Lee 9 May 1964 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123511 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18733
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123509 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9649
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
SAMF0002230 Pike 24 Jul 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2502
SAMF
Quercus laevis Walter
44991 Conecuh 8 NOV 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2924
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000038446 Conecuh 24 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24469
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000020130 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3128
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032448 Autauga 9 Jul 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9219
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
JSU138668 Calhoun 13 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8977
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0013841 Conecuh 24 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24469
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000005938 Pike 07 May 1998 Brian Prazinko
10
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032438 Mobile 29 Apr _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
46926 Escambia 22 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
113
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
35906 Bibb 2 OCT 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
320
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000034106 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Brian R. Keener
5595
TROY
Quercus laevis Walt.
10661 Macon 15 MAY 1963 SMOOT, B. C.
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
53045 Perry 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8878
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0008605 Montgomery 01 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22300
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123501 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 C. L. Lawler
081
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
USAM000006891 Clarke 04 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39705
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032442 Hale 7 Oct 1982 Robert Burckhalter
39
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0005469 Butler 18 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22133
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123500 Baldwin 27 Jul 1988 S. C. Johnson
X-49-108
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
USAM000006895 Mobile 26 Mar 1968 D. L. Scott
113
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0038029 Calhoun 16 Jul 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14880
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
45715 Escambia 3 APR 1971 KIRKLAND, REO
010
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0039565 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Mathew
282
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123504 Bibb 7 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1988
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123499 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12861
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123506 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
239
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
52836 Dale 24 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8281
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0013895 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1320
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
50457 Dale 29 NOV 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7859
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000028102 Covington 23 Jul 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20821
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0016472 Elmore 18 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25101
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00023531 Choctaw 20 Sep 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9522
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0007692 Baldwin 25 Oct 1997 Keener, Brian R.
0491
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
JSU123502 Baldwin 17 Aug 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1907
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0007694 Covington 23 Jul 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20821
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
46001 Houston 9 JUN 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
43153
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000020131 Calhoun 13 Jun 1996 Daniel D. Spaulding
8977
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123505 Bibb 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13962
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
44984 Escambia 27 JAN 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2944
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0011273 Marengo 08 Aug 2012 England, J. Kevin
3895
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032498 Baldwin 18 Mar 1950 W. A. Stallard
12
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
63748 Escambia 5 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14459
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000020040 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19334
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000005937 Pike 01 Mar 1999 Brian H. Martin
14
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00060134 Hale 4 Jun 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10395
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0018497 Houston 26 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79161
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
JSU123503 Baldwin 17 Aug 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1911
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0007695 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19334
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
TROY000020041 Butler 12 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19239
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000036129 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1320
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000020132 Etowah 20 Sep 1987 Erick Alford
142
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123507 Clarke 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14305
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0034842 Dale 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74355
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
44249 Bullock 7 NOV 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2922
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000039439 Elmore 18 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25101
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
59466 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
14
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UNA00032423 Chilton 9 Jul 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9194
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UNA00032447 Tuscaloosa 10 May 1987 Frank D. Bowers
13719
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0007696 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3109
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
UNA00066902 Autauga 6 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3128
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
48256 Monroe 18 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
134
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
AUA000036679 Covington 12 Sep 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5257
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS
72589 Baldwin 30 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-139
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000037558 Marengo 08 Aug 2012 J. Kevin England
3895
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000005934 Dale 22 May 1993 R. Austinhirst
75
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU123508 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19017
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
42092 Conecuh 9 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2666
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UNA00056133 Henry 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11863
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
TROY000036030 Conecuh 24 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23533
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
USAM000006894 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3228
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
USAM000006889 Mobile 09 May 1969 D. L. Scott
300
USAM
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0015161 Conecuh 24 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24469
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
70285 Escambia 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3959
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000033141 Montgomery 01 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22300
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU146232 Calhoun 10 Oct 1996 F. Hutchinson
2453
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
44177 Pike 11 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2880
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0031160 Conecuh 10 Oct 2015 England, J. Kevin
5793
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
UWAL0007693 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1110
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
59445 Crenshaw 27 NOV 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11555
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
UWAL0034278 Washington 10 Aug 1992 Kral, R.
81309
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
49007 Pike 5 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5478
AUA
QUERCUS LAEVIS WALTER
TROY000042180 Butler 18 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22133
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000005933 Coffee 22 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
338
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00032443 Baldwin 6 Nov 1982 Robert R. Haynes
8691
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0033613 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9822
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walter
UNA00057751 Calhoun 13 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8977
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
UWAL0002948 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5595
UWAL
Quercus laevis Walt.
UNA00066896 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3109
UNA
Quercus laevis Walt.
TROY000005935 Dale 15 Dec 1999 Tiffany Pennington
326
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
JSU140946 Escambia 01 Apr 1949 Xerpha M. Gaines
174
JSU
Quercus laevis Walter
TROY000020870 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1110
TROY
Quercus laevis Walter
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