Rhynchosia reniformis

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
Common Name:Dollar Leaf; Dollar Weed; Dollar Leaf Snout Bean
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RHRE
Plant Notes:Dollar Leaf is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Dollar Leaf grows in pine forests, in mixed pine-hardwood forests, and in sand hills. It is a perennial with a tap root. One or more erect stems are produced from each root stock. The stems are 1-6 inches in height, green in color, pubescent, and angled. Leaves are alternate and unifoliate, the upper one rarely trifoliate. The leaflets are ovate to reniform or subcordate in outline, pubescent and glandular, with conspicuously sunken veins. Flowers are produced in short axillary and terminal racemes. The flowers are numerous and tightly clustered. Individual flowers are papilionaceous, pubescent, inconspicuously glandular, and yellow in color. The fruit is a short, broad legume with typically two seed. The legume is pubescent and inconspicuously glandular.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Rhynchosia
Species Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle - Dollar Leaf; Dollar Weed; Dollar Leaf Snout Bean

Citation

Citation RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 384. 1825.
Basionym: Glycine reniformis Pursh 1814, nom. illegit.; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arcyphyllum simplicifolium Arcyphyllum simplicifolium (Walter) Elliott, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 2: 115. 1818.Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Dolicholus intermedius Dolicholus intermedius (Torrey & A. Gray) Vail, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 115. 1899.Rhynchosia tomentosa (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. intermedia Torrey & A. Gray 1838. 
Dolicholus simplicifolius Dolicholus simplicifolius (Walter) Vail, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 114. 1899.Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Glycine monophylla Glycine monophylla (Michaux) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 115. 1818, nom. illegit. et non Linnaeus 1767.Glycine tomentosa Linnaeus, var. monophylla Michaux 1803; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Glycine reniformis Glycine reniformis Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 486. 1814, nom. illegit.Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Glycine simplicifolia Glycine simplicifolia (Walter) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 234. 1823.Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Glycine tomentosa var. monophylla Glycine tomentosa Linnaeus, var. monophylla Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 63. 1803.Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Phaseolus reniformis Phaseolus reniformis (de Candolle) Eaton & J. Wright, Man. Bot., ed. 8. 353. 1840, nom. illegit.Rhynchosia reniformis de Candolle 1825; Glycine reniformis Pursh 1814, nom. illegit.; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Psoralea alnifolia Psoralea alnifolia Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 274, t. 4(1). 1850. ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: BOLO?).
Psoralea alopecurina Psoralea alopecurina Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 275, t. 4(2). 1850. ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: BOLO?).
Rhynchosia intermedia Rhynchosia intermedia (Torrey & A. Gray) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 715. 1933.Rhynchosia tomentosa (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. intermedia Torrey & A. Gray 1838. 
Rhynchosia simplicifolia Rhynchosia simplicifolia (Walter) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 321. 1861, non de Candolle 1825.Rhynchosia reniformis de Candolle 1825; Glycine reniformis Pursh 1814, nom. illegit.; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Rhynchosia simplicifolia var. intermedia Rhynchosia simplicifolia (Walter) A. W. Wood, var. intermedia (Torrey & A. Gray) F. J. Hermann, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 38: 238. 1948.Rhynchosia tomentosa (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. intermedia Torrey & A. Gray 1838. 
Rhynchosia tomentosa var. intermedia Rhynchosia tomentosa (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. intermedia Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 285. 1838. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Tampa Bay, s.d., Burrows s.n. (holotype: NY).
Rhynchosia tomentosa var. monophylla Rhynchosia tomentosa (Linnaeus) Hooker & Arnott, var. monophylla (Michaux) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 284. 1838.Glycine tomentosa Linnaeus, var. monophylla Michaux 1803; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Rhynchosia simplicifolius Rhynchosia simplicifolia (Walter) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 321. 1861, non de Candolle 1825.Rhynchosia reniformis de Candolle 1825; Glycine reniformis Pursh 1814, nom. illegit.; Trifolium simplicifolium Walter 1788. 
Trifolium simplicifolium Trifolium simplicifolium Walter, Fl. Carol. 184. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Hale, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Russell, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000028970 Clarke 22 MAY 2012 HORNE, HOWARD E.
SWS-152
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000038221 Bullock 10 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
673
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0015974 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0673
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UNA00017935 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 Jerry Smith
s.n.
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
USAM000006632 Mobile 21 Apr 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3066
USAM
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000004291 Escambia 05 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
131
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012986 Monroe 8 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15899
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000005505 Dale 31 May 1998 Hannelore Rundell
573
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
USAM000006634 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott
156
USAM
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012970 Clarke 11 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
058
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
UWAL0046239 Autauga 20 Jul 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
997
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UNA00061118 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11842
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012978 Lee 24 JUL 1971 WISDOM, NALARIA J.
082
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000004288 Coffee 24 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
61
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0033616 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9813
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012972 Covington 7 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14481
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
AUA000012974 Crenshaw 23 JUN 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10357
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000038485 Clarke 22 Sep 2012 Megan Jackson
1
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012988 Russell 2 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-151
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000019672 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19343
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
JSU136413 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14080
JSU
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012973 Covington 30 AUG 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40852
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000048653 Autauga 20 Jul 2017 Matthew R. Parker
997
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000020570 Covington 09 May 2005 Robert Kral
96310
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012979 Macon 28 MAY 1970 REDMOND, BILL
147
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000041176 Elmore 19 May 2012 Robert Pullen
427
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007012 Bibb 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4503
UWAL
Rhyncosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012981 Lee 11 MAY 1950 BLANKENSHIP, LUA R.
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
AUA000012975 Dale 16 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7634
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000019671 Conecuh 19 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19572
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005504 Dale 07 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
664
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000019670 Conecuh 30 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19865
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012976 Geneva 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
435-69
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
AUA000032674 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4912
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS
TROY000042484 Geneva 08 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26329
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0011872 Bibb 27 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7289
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012987 Pike 28 JUL 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11059
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
UWAL0047428 Choctaw 28 Jul 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10793
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
TROY000004289 Pike 24 Jul 1995 Jeanese Holmes
38
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012969 Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
714
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000019673 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19333
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000040863 Bibb 27 May 2012 Brian R. Keener
7289
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UNA00027585 _ Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012965 Baldwin 2 MAY 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2253
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000004290 Monroe 08 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15899
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007015 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, R.
96310
UWAL
Rhyncosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012983 Lee 24 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER B.
192
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
USAM000006633 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7868
USAM
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0018907 Autauga 20 Jun 1992 Kral, R.
80951
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis DC
AUA000012980 Lee 22 MAY 1969 BARNES, W. K.
158
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000005503 Covington 07 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14481
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000019669 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19654
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012982 Lee 4 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000019674 Escambia 18 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20042
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012977 Hale 4 JUL 1971 MCKITRICK, S. R. L.
53
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
JSU136412 Baldwin 17 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012967 Barbour MAY 1950 RICHARDS, HELEN
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
JSU136414 Lee 30 May 1971 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000019274 Bibb 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4503
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0043596 Baldwin 05 May 2001 Larsen, H.S.
730
UWAL
Rhyncosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012966 Baldwin 15 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
UNA00068696 Bibb 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4503
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012968 Bullock 10 MAY 1963 KEYES, JOHN W.
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000004286 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17963
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007014 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17963
UWAL
Rhyncosia reniformis DC.
UNA00017934 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D905
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
UWAL0007013 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19654
UWAL
Rhyncosia reniformis DC.
TROY000004292 Dale 29 Aug 1997 Hannelore Rundell
407
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012985 Macon 19 MAY 1974 SKELTON, M.
171
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
USAM000008821 Washington 29 May 2004 Tad Zebryk
8604
USAM
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
JSU136411 Covington 30 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40852
JSU
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
TROY000036121 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Bailee Dykes
1374
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0013918 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1374
UWAL
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
UNA00063087 Covington 7 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
11481
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
AUA000012971 Covington 17 MAY 1979 JOHNSON, KENNETH G.
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
UNA00017936 Mobile 1 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D413
UNA
Rhynchosia reniformis DC.
AUA000037794 Covington 15 Aug 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5210
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000004287 Tuscaloosa 11 May 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11842
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
AUA000012984 Macon 20 MAY 1972 SCOTT, A. FLOYD
142
AUA
RHYNCHOSIA RENIFORMIS DC.
TROY000005506 Pike 03 Jul 2000 James A. Hall
71
TROY
Rhynchosia reniformis A.P. de Candolle
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