Rhynchosia cytisoides

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
Common Name:Royal Snout Bean
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RHCY4
Plant Notes:Royal Snout Bean is a native perennial herbaceous member of the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is found in the southern tier of counties in Alabama. It can be found in sandhills, in xeric pine forests, on sandy roadsides, and in old fields. It is a perennial with a tap root. Stems are 2-3.5 feet in height, branched above the middle, and reddish-brown or green in color. The stems are glabrous to villous, and wand-like with arching branches. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and trifoliate. The leaflets are ovate to elliptic in outline, entire, and pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers are 1-3 (usually solitary) in the leaf axils. The calyx has teeth equal to or shorter than the tube. The corolla is papilionaceous and yellow in color, sometimes with reddish-orange tints. The fruit is a 1-3 seeded pubescent legume. Royal Snout Bean is the largest of the five species of Rhynchosia native to Alabama.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Rhynchosia
Species Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur - Royal Snout Bean

Citation

Citation RHYNCHOSIA CYTISOIDES (Bertoloni) Wilbur, Rhodora 64: 60. 1962.
Basionym: Lespedeza cytisoides Bertoloni 1850.
Type: ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: BOLO?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lespedeza cytisoides Lespedeza cytisoides Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 278 1850. ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: BOLO?).
Pitcheria galactoides var. parvifolia Pitcheria galactoides Nuttall, var. parvifolia Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 286. 1838. ALABAMA: Without locality, 1831, Gates s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Grear, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 31: 88. 1978.
Pitcheria galactoides Pitcheria galactoides Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 93. 1834. ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: BM; isotypes: NY, PH).
Rhynchosia pitcheria Rhynchosia pitcheria Burkart, Darwiniana 11(2): 268. 1957.Pitcheria galactoides Nuttall 1834. 
Rhynchosia galactoides Rhynchosia galactoides (Nuttall) Endlicher & Walpers, in Walpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 790. 1842, non (Kunth) de Candolle 1825.Pitcheria galactoides Nuttall 1834. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1936 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000043181 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26901
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
TROY000019665 Geneva 28 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19838
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UWAL0039315 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27438
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UWAL0037568 Covington 13 Jul 1995 Sorrie, B.A.
8498
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
AUA000012949 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16587
AUA
Rhynchosia Cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
TROY000030830 Baldwin 14 May 1958 Moore, William H.
s.n.
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UWAL0007026 Geneva 28 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19838
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0043593 Baldwin 01 Jun 2000 Larsen, H.S.
528
UWAL
Rhyncosia cytisoides (Bert.) Wilbur
USAM000006637 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3238.2
USAM
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
TROY000044311 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27438
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
JSU136408 Baldwin 3 Jun 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10307
JSU
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UWAL0016329 Geneva 03 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25275
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UNA00027587 Mobile _ Oct 1878 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0035382 Baldwin 03 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6595
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
JSU136409 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4293
JSU
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
USAM000006635 Mobile 28 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4656
USAM
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UNA00057974 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13177
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UNA00027588 Washington _ Jul 1895 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0007025 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20774
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
USAM000006636 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8026
USAM
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UNA00017917 Washington 06 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31185
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
TROY000004293 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16587
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
AUA000012950 Baldwin 14 May 1958 Moore, William H.
AUA
Rhynchosia Cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
ALNHS00001107 Baldwin 17 May 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#475
ALNHS
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
TROY000039680 Geneva 03 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25275
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
AUA000012952 Geneva 7 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35097
AUA
Rhynchosia Cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0032077 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26901
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
AUA000012951 Dale 21 Jul 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7607
AUA
Rhynchosia Cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0043594 Baldwin 26 May 2003 West, Chan
1437
UWAL
Rhyncosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UNA00047683 Covington 26 Jun 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10816
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
JSU136410 Mobile 3 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39618
JSU
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
TROY000004294 Escambia 19 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13196
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
TROY000004295 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13177
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UWAL0018499 Houston 26 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79173
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bert.) Wilbur
UNA00059012 Escambia 19 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13196
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UNA00017918 Geneva 26 Apr 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
8805
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
TROY000028341 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20774
TROY
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
AUA000012953 Houston 9 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43148
AUA
Rhynchosia Cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
UWAL0031903 Dale 14 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74239
UWAL
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertoloni) Wilbur
UNA00017916 Mobile 07 Jun 1936 Harper, Roland M.
3517
UNA
Rhynchosia cytisoides (Bertol.) Wilbur
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