Pisum sativum

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Pisum sativum Linnaeus
Common Name:Garden Pea; English Pea
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PISA6
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Pisum
Species Pisum sativum Linnaeus - Garden Pea; English Pea

Citation

Citation PISUM SATIVUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 727. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 903.1). Lectotypified by Westphal, Agric. Res. Rep. Center Agric. Publishing Doc. 815: 186. 1974.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pisum arvense Pisum arvense Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 727. 1753. Without data (lectotype: Morison, Pl. Hist. Univ. 2: s. 2, t. 1(4). 1680). Lectotypified by Jonsell & C. E. Jarvis, Nordic J. Bot. 22: 78. 2002.
Pisum arvense var. maculatum Pisum arvense Linnaeus, var. maculatum Tedin, in Tedin & H. Witt, Bot.-Kem. Untersok. 60. 1900.  
Pisum arvense var. punctatum Pisum arvense Linnaeus, var. punctatum Tedin, in Tedin & H. Witt, Bot.-Kem. Untersok. 60. 1900.  
Pisum arvense var. unicolor Pisum arvense Linnaeus, var. unicolor Tedin, in Tedin & H. Witt, Bot.-Kem. Untersok. 59. 1900.  
Pisum biflorum Pisum biflorum Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 30. 1812, nom. illegit. et non Rafinesque 1810.Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum biflorum var. album Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. album Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 31. 1812, nom. inadmiss.Pisum biflorum Stokes 1812, nom. illegit. et non Rafinesque 1810; Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum biflorum var. cinereum Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. cinereum Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 32. 1812.Pisum arvense Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum biflorum var. quadratum Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. quadratum (Linnaeus) Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 32. 1812.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. quadratum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum biflorum var. rufum Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. rufum Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 32. 1812.  
Pisum biflorum var. umbellatum Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. umbellatum (Linnaeus) Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 32. 1812.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. umbellatum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum biflorum var. variegatum Pisum biflorum Stokes, var. variegatum Stokes, Bot. Mater. Med. 4: 32. 1812.  
Pisum commune Pisum commune Clavaud, Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeuax 38: 572. 1884, nom. illegit.Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum humile Pisum humile Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Pisum macrocarpum Pisum macrocarpum (Seringe) Seringe ex Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 172. 1866.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. macrocarpum Seringe 1825. 
Pisum quadratum Pisum quadratum (Linnaeus) Reichenbach, Fl. Germ. Excurs. 533. 1832.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. quadratum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum saccharatum Pisum saccharatum (Seringe) Reichenbach, Fl. Germ. Excurs. 533. 1832.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. saccharatum Seringe 1825. 
Pisum sativum subsp. hortense Pisum sativum Linnaeus, subsp. hortense (Neilreich) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 1066. 1910.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. hortense Neilreich 1858-1859. 
Pisum sativum subsp. pachylobum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, subsp. pachylobum (Dierbach) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 41. 1866.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. pachylobum Dierbach 1839. 
Pisum sativum subsp. saccharatum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, subsp. saccharatum (Seringe) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 38. 1866.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. saccharatum Seringe 1825. 
Pisum sativum var. glaucospermum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. glaucospermum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 48. 1866.  
Pisum sativum var. griseum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. griseum Körnicke, Syst. Uebers. Cereal. 45. 1873.  
Pisum sativum var. hiemale Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. hiemale Körnicke, Syst. Uebers. Cereal. 46. 1873.  
Pisum sativum var. hortense Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. hortense Neilreich, Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 964. 1858-1859.  
Pisum sativum var. humile Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. humile (Miller) Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 368. 1825.Pisum humile Miller 1768. 
Pisum sativum var. leptolobum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. leptolobum Dierbach, Grundz. Oekon.-Techn. Bot. 2: 132. 1839.  
Pisum sativum var. macrocarpum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. macrocarpum Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 368. 1825.  
Pisum sativum var. medullare Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. medullare Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 46. 1866.  
Pisum sativum var. pachylobum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. pachylobum Dierbach, Grundz. Oekon.-Techn. Bot. 2: 128. 1839.  
Pisum sativum var. prasinum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. prasinum C. O. Lehmann, Zuchter 24: 330. 1954.  
Pisum sativum var. pseudoroseum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. pseudoroseum C. O. Lehmann, Zuchter 24: 328. 1954.  
Pisum sativum var. punctatomaculatum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. punctatomaculatum Tedin, in Tedin & H. Witt, Bot.-Kem. Untersok. 60. 1900.  
Pisum sativum var. quadratum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. quadratum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 727. 1753.  
Pisum sativum var. saccharatum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. saccharatum Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 368. 1825.  
Pisum sativum var. sanguivittopsis Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. sanguivittopsis C. O. Lehmann, Zuchter 24: 328. 1954.  
Pisum sativum var. speciosum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. speciosum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 41. 1866.  
Pisum sativum var. subrufum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. subrufum C. O. Lehmann, Zuchter 24: 328. 1954.  
Pisum sativum var. typicum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. typicum Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 887. 1892, nom. inadmiss.Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum sativum var. umbellatum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. umbellatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 727. 1753.  
Pisum sativum var. vilmorinii Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. vilmorinii Körnicke, Syst. Uebers. Cereal. 40. 1873.  
Pisum sativum var. vulgare Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. vulgare Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 51. 1866.  
Pisum sativum var. vulgatum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. vulgatum Körnicke, Syst. Uebers. Cereal. 42. 1873, nom. inadmiss.Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum sativum var. xiphocarpum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. xiphocarpum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 38. 1866, nom. illegit.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. macrocarpum Seringe 1825. 
Pisum thebaicum Pisum thebaicum Willdenow ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 236. 1822.  
Pisum umbellatum Pisum umbellatum (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. umbellatum Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum uniflorum Pisum uniflorum Moench, Methodus 160. 1794, nom. illegit.Pisum arvense Linnaeus 1753. 
Pisum vulgare Pisum vulgare Jundzill, Opisan. Rosl. 305. 1830, nom. illegit.Pisum sativum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Cleburne, Covington, Geneva, Jefferson, Marengo, Pike, St. Clair, Talladega, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU136376 St. Clair 30 Mar 1984 D. D. Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
UWAL0015513 Marengo 16 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8320
UWAL
Pisum sativum L.
TROY000005484 Covington 09 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15071
TROY
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
UWAL0037132 Jefferson 23 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14561
UWAL
Pisum sativum L.
TROY000005485 Pike 23 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13060
TROY
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
JSU146046 Cleburne 23 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1556
JSU
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
JSU136377 Talladega 18 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8892
JSU
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
TROY000044811 Geneva 23 Mar 2017 Cameron Byrd
855
TROY
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
UNA00061095 Walker 3 May 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11811
UNA
Pisum sativum L.
AUA000012887 Covington 9 APR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15071
AUA
PISUM SATIVUM L.
UNA00064459 Covington 9 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15071
UNA
Pisum sativum L.
TROY000019562 Walker 03 May 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11811
TROY
Pisum sativum Linnaeus
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