Cunninghamia lanceolata

Family:CUPRESSACEAE
Species:Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
Common Name:China Fir; Chinese Fir
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:China Fir is an introduced large evergreen tree in the Cypress family (Cupressaceae). It is native to China, Laos, and Vietnam. It is occasionally cultivated and persists or escapes locally throughout Alabama. China Fir is an evergreen tree reaching 160 feet in height. It has a pyramidal growth form and tiered, pendulous branches. It often suckers from the base forming multi-trunked specimens. The bark is thin, dark gray to dark reddish brown in color, and fissured. The flattened needle leaves are linear-lanceolate in outline, sharply-pointed, finely-toothed, and green to blue-green in color. They are spirally arranged but twisted at the base to give the appearance of being two-ranked. The bases of the leaves are decurrent, and the lower surface of the leaf often has rows of white stomatal bands. The dead leaves may remain attached for years, and entire short branches are shed as a unit. China Fir is monoecious, producing pollen and seed cones on the same tree. Pollen cones occur in terminal fascicles. The seed cones are ovoid or sub-globose and terminal. The seed is winged. China Fir is an important timber tree in China. It is prized for its aromatic, soft, rot and termite resistant wood. China Fir is sometimes available from nurseries. It prefers a moist, acidic, well-drained soil in full sun. Cultivars with highly glaucous “blue” foliage are available. China Fir can also be propagated from seed, cuttings, and suckers.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCUPRESSACEAE - Cypress family
Genus Cunninghamia
Species Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker - China Fir; Chinese Fir

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Mobile, Pike, Shelby, Talladega, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU102898 Calhoun 16 Feb 1967 Jennings, Len
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102899 Calhoun 21 Jun 1969 Cofield, Jan
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0036247 Baldwin 11 Jan 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3669
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102902 Shelby 25 Sep 1983 Baldwin, D. Dean
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0019208 Chilton 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8611
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
UNA00056701 Houston 31 Dec 1998 MacDonald, John R.
s.n.
UNA
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
AUA_ACC_58812 Escambia 14 May 1999 Searcy, Darryl
AUA
Cunninghamia Lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
USAM000000333 Mobile s.d. LeLong, Michel G.
6937.1
USAM
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0002003 Covington 18 Feb 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21149
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
JSU109947 Etowah 22 Sep 1979 Adeli. Kambiz
23
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102903 Talladega 21 Jun 1969 Bigbee, Diane
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
AUA_ACC_43395 Conecuh 28 Jun 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1113
AUA
Cunninghamia Lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
JSU102896 Calhoun 02 Jul 1985 Davis, Billy
006
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102895 Calhoun 28 Oct 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3054
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0016062 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24825
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0014654 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24171
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0012401 Butler 23 Feb 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23750
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000031872 Covington 18 Feb 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21149
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
AMAL00022146 Chilton 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8611
AMAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
USAM000015506 Mobile 13 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
18
USAM
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000037213 Butler 23 Feb 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23750
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102894 Calhoun 02 Jul 1985 Davis, Billy
006
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102897 Calhoun 26 Oct 1972 L'Eplattenier, R.
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000047343 Mobile 29 Nov 1988 Harting, Vicki
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000037929 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24171
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000047342 Mobile Fall 1971 Lelong, Michel G.
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102900 Jefferson 23 Jun 1969 Day, Randy
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
ALNHS00003843 Chilton 12 Apr 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2187
ALNHS
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
TROY000000701 Covington 19 Sep 2006 Hendrix, Jake
92
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000039089 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24825
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU102901 Lee 18 Apr 1969 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
UWAL0017988 Dale 29 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
25895
UWAL
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
JSU109948 Calhoun 2 Jul 1985 Davis, Billy
006
JSU
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000000528 Pike 17 May 1991 McGee, Don E.
19
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
TROY000041882 Dale 29 Jan 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
25895
TROY
Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lambert) Hooker
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