Triadica sebifera

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
Common Name:Chinese Tallow Tree; Popcorn Tree
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Popcorn Tree is an invasive introduced deciduous tree in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It occurs in the southern two thirds of Alabama. Popcorn Tree grows in a variety of disturbed sites such as around old home places, vacant city lots, along railroads, and in disturbed forests. It is particularly prevalent in wetland habitats, even those that are not obviously disturbed. Popcorn Tree grows from twenty to forty feet in height. It has alternate rounded leaves with a long acuminate tip. The male flowers are born in long drooping yellowish spikes with the female flowers located at the base. The fruit is a three seeded capsule that splits to expose the seed which are covered in a white waxy substance. In China this species is cultivated for the waxy seed coating which is used to make candles, soap, and biodiesel. Popcorn Tree was introduced into the United States in the 1700’s to establish plantations to produce wax and as an ornamental. The bright multicolored leaves in the autumn are often spectacular, and it is one of the few trees to put on a fall foliage display in the Deep South. In the early to mid-1900’s it was a popular ornamental plant and often sold as “Florida Aspen”. Popcorn Tree produces large crops of seed every year. Trees as young as three years old can begin producing seed. In addition, Popcorn Tree is a vigorous root sprouter. It tolerates flooding and salt water, as well as drought and nutrient poor soils. Like many introduced species it has few natural enemies in this country. The seed are spread by water and by birds. It is considered a noxious weed in many states, and several southern states have banned its sale. In Alabama it is considered one of the “Ten Worst Invasive Weeds”. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Triadica
Species Triadica sebifera (L.) Small - Chinese Tallow Tree; Popcorn Tree

Citation

Citation Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small, Florida Trees 59. 1913.
Basionym: Croton sebifer L. 1753.
Type: CHINA: Without data, Osbeck s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1140.9). Lectotypified by Radcliffe-Smith, in Nasir & Ali, Fl. Pakistan 172: 86. 1986.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sapium sebiferum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1962 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00069211 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
963
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125632 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12838
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00020126 Mobile 30 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
396
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004766 Covington 14 Nov 2000 Meadows, Leigh Ann
1
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026132 Baldwin 21 Oct 1995 Rayburn, Darryl L.
38
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125642 Mobile 2 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47123
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_44046 Conecuh 31 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
AUA_ACC_66906 Sumter 2 Oct 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12188
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0007643 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3276
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000028049 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Dyess, Kaleb K.
50
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_21283 Lee 9 Jul 1970 Hopson, George R.
.0047
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00048899 Henry 07 Apr 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10152
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000018919 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
963
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_56392 Mobile 2 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47123
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00069588 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Dyess, Kaleb K.
50
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004769 Dale 18 Jul 2000 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00025300 Clarke 29 Sep 1995 Widder, Alicia D.
6
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000018918 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19406
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0015103 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1148
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
USAM000006069 Mobile 10 May 1969 Denson, Jackie
s.n.
USAM
Sapium sebiferum (Linnaeus) Roxb.
TROY000004760 Butler 01 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14249
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00020124 Mobile 10 Apr 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D372
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125643 Monroe 2 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19118
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004825 Pike 15 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16058
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004764 Coffee 16 Nov 2003 Maher, M.
1
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0018634 Baldwin 28 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78222
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000039255 Elmore 08 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25160
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_43943 Monroe 1 Sep 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2777
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0030117 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, L.J.
5805
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0018996 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74243
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00026253 Marengo 30 Sep 1995 Burk, David H.
214
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004763 Coffee 09 Sep 2006 Hendrix, Jake
82
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00020123 Baldwin 02 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39527
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125633 Baldwin 2 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39527
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004767 Crenshaw Johnson, Jason W.
7
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
ALNHS00007139 Baldwin 18 May 2021 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#5510
ALNHS
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004768 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
1143
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000045699 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
259
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
SAMF0002510 Mobile 30 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
396
SAMF
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_43937 Escambia 6 Sep 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2875
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00056116 Geneva 26 Aug 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11840
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000040703 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25231
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_41965 Montgomery 25 Jul 1981 Eble, C.F.
51
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0051659 Elmore 03 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15656
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
AUA000031597 Covington 5 May 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5007
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
ALNHS00001263 Clarke 22 May 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-188
ALNHS
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125639 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14048
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000035408 Macon 09 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23165
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0031076 Escambia 16 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74360
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
USAM000006071 Baldwin 02 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39527
USAM
Sapium sebiferum (Linnaeus) Roxb.
TROY000047042 Mobile 05 Jun 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3213
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00020122 Mobile _ _ 1880 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000041196 Elmore 26 Aug 2011 Pullen, Robert
234
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000019022 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3276
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_54525 Crenshaw 5 Jun 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9212
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00066967 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3276
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004824 Montgomery 10 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17696
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_43942 Pike 1 Sep 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2780
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0039563 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
259
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004771 Houston 20 May 1995 Chasteen, David
2
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00054501 Blount 26 Sep 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1680
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0008231 Conecuh 30 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22164
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
JSU125629 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
2660
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0016391 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25231
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
JSU125641 Lee 27 Sep 1973 Pringle, G.
8
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0044195 Baldwin 15 Jun 1993 Few, B.
91
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (l.) Small
JSU125634 Baldwin 1 Sep 1997 Brodeur, Kristin R.
97
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004762 Coffee 04 Sep 2006 Roberts, Carla
34
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0007640 Baldwin 25 Oct 1997 Keener, Brian R.
495
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125637 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
1888
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000019037 Elmore 06 Oct 2007 Westbrook, Drew
131
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0019579 Butler 24 Aug 1991 Kral, Robert
79630
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
SAMF0007555 Mobile 25 Apr 2015 Childers, Jennifer
40
SAMF
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000049802 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
364
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00062206 Butler 01 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14249
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
AUA_ACC_17629 Lee 9 Jul 1969 Miller, L.C.
97
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125628 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_37861 Mobile 23 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
619
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125644 Washington 1 Nov 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
361
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_47231 Lee 23 Jun 1981 Tucker, S.
7
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000032652 Conecuh 30 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22164
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0011301 Macon 09 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23165
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
JSU125640 Etowah 14 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3834
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000004765 Coffee 03 May 2000 Martin, Brian H.
661
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0007646 Sumter 15 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-35
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00065461 Sumter 02 Oct 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12188
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004772 Pike 07 Nov 2000 Cobb, Sabrina
8
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00060966 Elmore 25 Jul 2003 Vincent, Michael A.
11243
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
SAMF0002511 Dallas 29 Oct 1988 Anderson, Jan
67
SAMF
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0007641 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Dyess, Kaleb K.
50
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125630 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
2660
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0007644 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
963
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125636 Calhoun 17 Oct 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18924
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000038488 Dallas 01 Sep 2012 Boozer, James
1
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000019038 Sumter 02 Oct 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12188
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0019029 Geneva 26 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87791
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125638 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18947
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_63445 Butler 1 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14249
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0007642 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 Reynolds, R. Brock
42
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004770 Escambia 28 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
285
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00020127 Jefferson 10 Nov 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
233
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
AUA_ACC_44546 Clarke 9 Sep 1975 Maddox, William K.
39
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UNA00020125 Lee 27 Sep 1973 Wright, D.
8
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
JSU125631 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Landers, Kenneth E.
2660
JSU
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_47335 Montgomery 24 Jul 1983 Hayes, Sherrad
113
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
SAMF0003033 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5805
SAMF
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_17628 Baldwin 25 Jul 1969 Thornhill, Randy
161
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
UWAL0007645 Pike 05 Nov 2009 Weed, Tabitha
8
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000036150 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1148
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
AUA_ACC_48424 Talladega 26 Oct 1980 Webb, A.L.
172
AUA
Triadica Sebifera (L.) Small
TROY000004761 Butler 12 Oct 2000 Findley, Kris
4781
TROY
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0016702 Elmore 08 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25160
UWAL
Triadica sebifera (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026022 Tuscaloosa 08 Oct 1995 Lewis, Amy H.
32
UNA
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small
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