Phyllanthus caroliniensis

Family:PHYLLANTHACEAE
Species:Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
Common Name:Carolina Leaf Flower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PHCA9
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPHYLLANTHACEAE - Leaf Flower Family family
Genus Phyllanthus
Species Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter - Carolina Leaf Flower

Citation

Citation PHYLLANTHUS CAROLINIENSIS Walter, Fl. Carol. 228. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Herb. Walter 83 (neotype: BM). Neotypified by G. L. Webster, Brittonia 22: 60. 1970; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 418. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andrachne pumila Andrachne pumila (Rafinesque) House, New York State Mus. Bull. 233/234: 66. 1921.Synexemia pumila Rafinesque 1825. 
Diasperus caroliniensis Diasperus caroliniensis (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 598. 1891.Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter 1788. 
Euphorbia ludoviciana Euphorbia ludoviciana Featherman, Rep. (Annual) Geol. Surv. Louisiana 2: 71. 1871, non Rafinesque 1817. LOUISIANA
Geminaria obovata Geminaria obovata Rafinesque, First Cat. Gard. Transylv. Univ. 14. 1824, nom. illegit.Phyllanthus obovatus Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1805, nom. illegit.; Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter 1788. 
Phyllanthus graminicola Phyllanthus graminicola Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 48: 333. 1922. TRINIDAD: Carenage, 25 Feb 1920, Britton & Hazen 12 (holotype: NY).
Phyllanthus obovatus Phyllanthus obovatus Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 574. 1805, nom. illegit.Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter 1788. 
Synexemia caroliniana Synexemia caroliniana Rafinesque, Neogenyton 2. 1825, nom. illegit.Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter 1788. 
Synexemia cuneifolia Synexemia cuneifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 100. 1838 ("1836"). "Louisiana and Arkanzas",
Synexemia obovata Synexemia obovata Rafinesque, Neogenyton 2. 1825, nom. illegit.Phyllanthus obovatus Muhlenberg ex Willdenow 1805, nom. illegit.; Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter 1788. 
Synexemia pumila Synexemia pumila Rafinesque, Newgenyton 2. 1825. KENTUCKY

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lowndes, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 1986

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000006045 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11890
USAM
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000045596 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
216
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00070461 Baldwin 05 Aug 2012 Horne, Howard
1827
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0044446 Baldwin 28 Jul 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
868
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA000038166 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5751
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt. Ssp. Caroliniensis
AUA_ACC_49387 Butler 28 Aug 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5429
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
JSU136758 Baldwin 27 Aug 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10824
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00018689 Tuscaloosa 28 Sep 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
190
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000004727 Conecuh 14 Jul 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12532
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_57150 Conecuh 18 Jun 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10332
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0046732 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
216
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000018907 Butler 02 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18013
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000028254 Montgomery 16 Jul 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20790
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00018692 Mobile _ Aug _ Mohr, E.
s.n.
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
USAM000006048 Baldwin 25 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11780
USAM
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0010010 Calhoun 16 Sep 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13276
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0050346 Madison 08 Sep 2020 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000034793 Calhoun 16 Sep 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13276
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_69222 Escambia 14 Aug 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3431
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt. Ssp. Caroliniensis
TROY000004731 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18120
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_44807 Mobile 22 Nov 1975 Mills, S.F.
174
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000042704 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26649
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141232 Calhoun 28 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
803
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000033474 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Morrison, Derek
76
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0032006 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26649
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0046534 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
39
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00018695 Pickens 04 Jul 1986 Horn, Charles N.
1136
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
USAM000006046 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11890
USAM
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_56473 Crenshaw 7 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9815
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
UNA00018694 Mobile _ Aug 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
UNA00018691 Covington 03 Sep 1969 Kral, Robert
36829
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000018908 Lowndes 02 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20331
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0019930 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5751
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter ssp. caroliniensis
AUA000042368 Cullman Aug 1904 Wolf, Wolfgang
928
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0052840 Bibb 25 Jul 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11501
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00018693 Mobile 23 Aug 1962 Harper, Roland M.
4534
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000019013 Jefferson 29 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15832
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0016934 Lawrence 15 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4528
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter ssp. caroliniensis
TROY000004729 Crenshaw 09 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12647
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000036077 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1186
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA000031175 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4791
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt. Ssp. Caroliniensis
TROY000004728 Crenshaw 30 Sep 1999 Diamond, Alvin R.
11622
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141234 St. Clair 09 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13728
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000044127 Geneva 08 Nov 2016 Byrd, Cameron
615
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0036401 Marshall 12 Aug 2017 England, J. Kevin
8378
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter ssp. caroliniensis
UNA00018690 Perry 19 Oct 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
263
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000004730 Geneva 06 Aug 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11962
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0011988 Autauga 03 Sep 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7500
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141233 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1319
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00014282 Walker 24 Aug 1879 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000004724 Barbour 03 Sep 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12063
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0014082 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1072
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA000042367 Cullman 19 Sep 1909 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
TROY000004725 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14136
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000044633 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
39
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000040766 Tuscaloosa 28 Oct 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6813
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UWAL0039134 Jefferson 20 Jul 2018 Bryson, Charles T.
25630
UWAL
Phyllantus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000004732 Pike 01 Oct 1999 Diamond, Alvin R.
11626
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141235 Randolph 21 Sep 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3063
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141236 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10814
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000004733 Wilcox 03 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16042
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00062181 Pike 24 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14238
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0014797 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1186
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000004726 Butler 10 Sep 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16895
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000048827 Autauga 07 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1170
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
JSU141230 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
954
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
TROY000038076 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1072
TROY
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_55146 Pike 8 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9826
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
UWAL0011353 Tuscaloosa 28 Oct 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6813
UWAL
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
AUA_ACC_56625 Crenshaw 29 Sep 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9998
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
AUA_ACC_837 Montgomery 25 Sep 1904 Andrews, Elizabeth F.
AUA
Phyllanthus Caroliniensis Walt.
JSU141231 Calhoun 10 Sep 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
860
JSU
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
UNA00018688 Tuscaloosa 19 Sep 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
866
UNA
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt.
USAM000006047 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11830
USAM
Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter
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