Salvinia minima

Family:SALVINIACEAE
Species:Salvinia minima Baker
Common Name:Water Spangles; Floating Fern; Common Salvinia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SAMI7
Plant Notes:Water Spangles is an introduced perennial herbaceous aquatic in the Floating Fern family (Salviniaceae). It can be found primarily in the southern half of Alabama. Water Spangles occurs in lakes and ponds, in sloughs, in beaver ponds, and in other quiet bodies of water. It is a native of Central and South America that was introduced into the southern United States in the 1920’s or 1930’s. Water Spangles spreads by being transported on nets and boat propellers, and by people dumping it from aquariums and pools. It forms large floating mats in areas of still water. The leaves are of two types—oval ones that float on the water’s surface and dissected ones that hang beneath the plant and look like roots. The upper surface of the floating leaves are covered in hairs that repel water. Four hairs are joined at the tips and resemble a wisk. The leaves are attached to an elongated rhizome. Reproduction occurs mainly from fragmentation. Water Spangles forms large floating mats that make boating difficult and shade or crowd out native plants. You should never dump any aquatic plants into local water bodies, and always clean your fishing gear and boat when moving between locations.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySALVINIACEAE - Floating Fern family
Genus Salvinia
Species Salvinia minima Baker - Water Spangles; Floating Fern; Common Salvinia

Citation

Citation SALVINIA MINIMA Baker, J. Bot. 24: 98. 1886.
Basionym: **
Type: BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Without data, Mueller 479 (holotype: K).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Salvinia rotundifolia    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Covington, Greene, Hale, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Morgan, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1998 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0001381 Baldwin 24 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12303
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0038579 Sumter 10 Sep 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10447
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049561 Marshall 07 Oct 2020 Webb, David H.
9195
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000042992 Barbour 23 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26757
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0043691 Baldwin 18 Oct 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
774
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000014752 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
964
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049554 Marshall 13 Oct 2020 Webb, David H.
9213
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0030118 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, L.J.
5833
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0051835 Jefferson 22 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15734
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0050050 Colbert 08 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8830a
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
AUA_ACC_839 Lee 25 Jul 1962 Gramlich, Jim
AUA
Salvinia Minima Baker
UNA00061340 Covington 13 Oct 2003 Ginzbarg, Steven L.
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
AMAL00011744 Mobile 24 Jun 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12156
AMAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049623 Lauderdale 17 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8852
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
AMAL00013320 Clarke 09 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17066
AMAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00056550 Lee 14 Dec 1998 Bayne, David L.
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0051672 Walker 22 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15724
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0047166 Lauderdale 11 Sep 2017 Webb, David H.
8494
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0039483 Lauderdale 09 Sep 2018 Webb, David H.
8606
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0001383 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
964
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00056554 Lee 17 Aug 1999 Hutto, David M.
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
SAMF0002977 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5833
SAMF
Salvinia minima Baker
AMAL00012537 Baldwin 24 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12303
AMAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0048176 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27927
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
SAMF0007518 Walker 21 Jul 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15,500
SAMF
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0047543 Jefferson 02 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15341
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000000431 Clarke 09 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17066
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049585 Lauderdale 10 Oct 2017 Webb, David H.
8512
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049555 Marshall 13 Oct 2020 Webb, David H.
9211
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
AUA_ACC_10284 Lee 7 Jul 1962 Reagan, R.E.
AUA
Salvinia Minima Baker
UNA00056556 Mobile 02 Aug 1999 Golden, Faye
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
AMAL00011754 Baldwin 24 Jun 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12136
AMAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0039459 Lauderdale 26 Sep 2013 Webb, David H.
8105
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
SAMF0007512 Jefferson 02 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15,341
SAMF
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000046438 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27927
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0047246 Colbert 08 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8835
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0039203 Pike 13 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28485
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049556 Marshall 13 Oct 2020 Webb, David H.
9212
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0051821 Walker 21 Jul 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15500
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00066362 Baldwin 24 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12303
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
AMAL00005476 Covington 08 Dec 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12835
AMAL
Salvinia minima Baker
ALNHS00004355 Marengo 05 Oct 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2716
ALNHS
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0051705 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15760
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0039508 Lauderdale 26 Sep 2013 Webb, David H.
8100
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
ALNHS00004355 Marengo 05 Oct 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2716
ALNHS
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000043297 Covington 19 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27069
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00070172 Lauderdale 03 Nov 2009 Webb, David
7331
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0047387 Greene 09 Sep 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10875
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049624 Lauderdale 17 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8851
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000000432 Covington 21 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12217
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
ALNHS00001450 Baldwin 12 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#762
ALNHS
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0001384 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Mustain, Robert A.
186
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
JSU140215 Baldwin 12 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP762
JSU
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049735 Lauderdale 26 Oct 2009 Webb, David H.
7326
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0051756 Colbert 25 Aug 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15624
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000047973 Pike 13 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28485
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UNAF0001128 Morgan 19 Jun 1979 Daly, Robert
04600
UNAF
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049760 Lauderdale 17 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8850
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0047273 Lauderdale 11 Sep 2017 Webb, David H.
8496
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0033135 Covington 19 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27069
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00056555 Mobile 11 Sep 1982 Riecke, Denise
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
SAMF0006583 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6348
SAMF
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0001382 Choctaw 20 Apr 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
357
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00065695 Clarke 09 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17066
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049650 Lauderdale 08 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8827
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000044952 Wilcox 21 Jul 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27881
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049566 Morgan 19 Oct 2020 Webb, David H.
9214
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0049761 Colbert 08 Oct 2019 Webb, David H.
8832
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0030261 Barbour 23 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26757
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
TROY000000430 Baldwin 24 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12303
TROY
Salvinia minima Baker
UNA00056549 Baldwin 28 Jul 1999 Zolczynski, Joe
s.n.
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0043690 Baldwin 17 Aug 2000 Phipps, S.
321
UWAL
Salvinia minima Baker
UWAL0039371 Colbert 26 Sep 2013 Webb, David H.
8098
UWAL
Salvinia mimina Baker
UNA00047580 Mobile 12 Sep 1998 Haynes, Robert R.
9910
UNA
Salvinia minima Baker
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