Vaccinium fuscatum

Family:ERICACEAE
Species:Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
Common Name:Black Blueberry; Hairy Blueberry; Black Highbush Blueberry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Black Highbush Blueberry is a native deciduous shrub in the Heath family (Ericaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Black Highbush Blueberry occurs in acidic, mesic to wet pine or mixed pine/hardwood forests, often on sandy soils. It is a deciduous multi-trunked shrub reaching 8-12 feet in height. It often suckers from the roots, forming clones. Young twigs are green and pubescent. The bark on older stems is light tan to reddish-brown in color, thin, and peels in strips or plates. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, with entire or glandular toothed margins. The leaves are glabrous or slightly pubescent on the upper surface and pubescent on the lower surface, at least along the midrib and major veins. The leaves are not glaucous underneath, and turn red to orange before falling in the autumn. Flowers are produced in axillary racemes or fascicles, usually after the leaves have emerged. The flowers are urceolate to cylindrical, white to pinkish in color, and glabrous. The fruit is a black berry. The edible fruit are large and sweet, and consumed by humans and a variety of wildlife. Black Highbush Blueberry is sometimes lumped with Smooth Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus). Smooth Highbush Blueberry differs in having glabrous leaves that are often glaucous below, and glaucous blueish colored fruit. Black Highbush Blueberry is one parent of many of the cultivated varieties of blueberries.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyERICACEAE - Heath family
Genus Vaccinium
Species Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton - Black Blueberry; Hairy Blueberry; Black Highbush Blueberry

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cyanococcus atrococcus    
Cyanococcus fuscatus    
Vaccinium arkansanum    
Vaccinium atrococcum    
Vaccinium corymbosum var. atrococcum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Cherokee, Cleburne, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Randolph, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000037123 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
538
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000004502 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16508
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013607 Cullman _ Jul 1895 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
TROY000033041 Covington 12 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22345
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
USAM000005771 Mobile 09 Jun 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10282
USAM
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013602 Mobile 26 Feb 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D820
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
TROY000018840 Crenshaw 31 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19360
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0031862 Conecuh 29 Mar 1986 Kral, Robert
73200
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000004503 Montgomery 19 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17812
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
AUA000042349 Cullman May 1906 Wolf, Wolfgang
1096
AUA
Vaccinium Fuscatum Ait.
JSU122741 Etowah 6 Apr 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
USAM000005743 Baldwin 18 May 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8459
USAM
Vaccinium atrococcum  (A. Gray) Heller
UNA00013622 Greene 6 Mar 1966 Cleveland, Hunt
2
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
UWAL0008473 Covington 12 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22345
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122672 Blount 31 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7837
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013632 Baldwin 13 Mar 1979 Wiersema, John H.
507
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
UWAL0012954 Butler 24 Apr 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00067223 Butler 17 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17711
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
UNA00013805 Geneva 26 Apr 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
8788
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
TROY000018693 Bibb 28 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13961
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122673 Cherokee 31 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013803 Baldwin 1 Sep 1982 Powers, Maureen
978
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
UWAL0039980 Bullock 29 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4261
UWAL
Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
JSU122745 Randolph 31 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
740
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00056682 Bibb 08 Sep 1995 Birk, Michelle
401
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
JSU122680 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9614
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0004848 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21992
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000046353 Covington 19 Apr 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28210
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122744 Randolph 15 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
699
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0012631 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
538
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000004501 Butler 09 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17692
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00048924 Barbour 12 May 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10485
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
TROY000018692 Bibb 28 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13956
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
USAM000005768 Mobile 21 Oct 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10603
USAM
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013612 Jackson 05 Jul 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8003
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
JSU122678 Cleburne 23 Jul 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10182
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013806 Washington 06 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31181
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
USAM000005769 Mobile 05 Jun 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10253
USAM
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0030638 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78074
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Ell.
AUA_ACC_65901 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16508
AUA
Vaccinium Fuscatum Ait.
UNA00013627 Tuscaloosa 10 Apr 1977 Caddell, Gloria M.
56
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
TROY000032552 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21992
TROY
Vaccunium fuscatum Aiton
USAM000005770 Baldwin 30 Apr 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9712
USAM
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013617 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8113
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
UWAL0018164 DeKalb 17 May 1985 Kral, Robert
72561
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
UWAL0034464 Covington 28 Mar 1996 Kral, Robert
85716
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
TROY000018671 Cherokee 22 May 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
48
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU143049 Cherokee 31 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00047277 Randolph 20 Jul 1986 Nixon, C.F.
2425
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
TROY000044587 Geneva 07 Jul 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1327
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
AUA_ACC_40674 Cherokee 14 May 1984 Whetstone, R.David
13913
AUA
Vaccinium Fuscatum Ait.
UWAL0004842 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22182
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122674 Cherokee 25 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7608
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000004499 Barbour 10 May 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10431
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122679 Cullman 12 Jun 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8536
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122742 Etowah 6 Apr 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0007512 Crenshaw 31 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19360
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
JSU122677 Cherokee 14 May 1984 Whetstone, R. David
13913
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00045711 Houston 15 Apr 1995 MacDonald, John R.
8390
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
JSU122675 Cherokee 6 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13102
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013691 Mobile 06 Mar 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D 259
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
USAM000005767 Mobile 13 Oct 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10560
USAM
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00067240 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17731
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
UNA00013808 Geneva 26 Apr 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
8790
UNA
Vaccinium fuscatum Ait.
JSU122676 Cherokee 19 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15146
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UWAL0031921 Blount 25 Jul 2014 Anderson, Kelly
609
UWAL
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000018839 Butler 24 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19022
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00064301 Randolph 27 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
723
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
TROY000037847 Butler 24 Apr 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
JSU122743 Marshall 21 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1771
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
TROY000004500 Butler 17 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17711
TROY
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
UNA00013696 Tuscaloosa 13 Mar 1977 Bradshaw, Dwight K.
11
UNA
Vaccinium atrococcum (Gray) Heller
JSU122746 Talladega 11 May 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11013
JSU
Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton
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