Vaccinium corymbosum

Family:ERICACEAE
Species:Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
Common Name:Smooth Highbush Blueberry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VACO
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyERICACEAE - Heath family
Genus Vaccinium
Species Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus - Smooth Highbush Blueberry

Citation

Citation VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 350. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 497.6). Lectotypified by Vander Kloet, Canad. J. Bot. 58: 1196. 1980.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cyanococcus amoenus Cyanococcus amoenus (Aiton) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1014, 1506. 1933.Vaccinium amoenum Aiton 1789. 
Cyanococcus atrococcus Cyanococcus atrococcus Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1014, 1507. 1933.Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. atrococcum A. Gray 1857, nom. illegit.; Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. atrocarpum A. Gray 1856. 
Cyanococcus elliottii Cyanococcus elliottii (Chapman) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1014, 1506. 1933.Vaccinium elliottii Chapman 1860. 
Cyanococcus fuscatus Cyanococcus fuscatus (Aiton) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1013, 1506. 1933.Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton 1789. 
Cyanococcus holophyllus Cyanococcus holophyllus Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1015, 1507. 1933. FLORIDA: Highlands Co.:
Cyanococcus simulatus Cyanococcus simulatus (Small) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1015, 1507. 1933.Vaccinium simulatum Small 1903. 
Cyanococcus virgatus Cyanococcus virgatus (Aiton) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1014, 1506. 1933.Vaccinium virgatum Aiton 1789. 
Cyanococcus corymbosus Cyanococcus corymbosus (Linnaeus) Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 94. 1931.Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus 1753. 
Cyanococcus cuthbertii Cyanococcus cuthbertii Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1015, 1507. 1933. GEORGIA: Richmond Co.: Along Rices Creek, Augusta, 29 Mar 1900, Cuthbert 259 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Uttal, Sida 12: 293. 1987.
Vaccinium albiflorum Vaccinium albiflorum Hooker, Bot. Mag. 62: t. 3428. 1835.  
Vaccinium amoenum Vaccinium amoenum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 12. 1789. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Vaccinium arkansanum Vaccinium arkansanum Ashe, Rhodora 33: 195. 1931. ARKANSAS: Garland Co.: 6 mi. N of Hot Springs on the Little Rock Road, 15 Apr 1928 & 27 Jun 1929, Ashe s.n. (holotype: NCU?).
Vaccinium ashei Vaccinium ashei Reade, Torreya 31: 71. 1931. FLORIDA: Okaloosa Co.: Near Niceville,
Vaccinium atlanticum Vaccinium atlanticum E. P. Bicknell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 41: 422. 1914. MASSACHUSETTS: Nantucket Co.: Millbrook Swamp, 31 May 1909, Bicknell s.n. (holotype: NY).
Vaccinium atrococcum Vaccinium atrococcum A. Heller, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 24. 1894.  
Vaccinium australe Vaccinium australe Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 895, 1335. 1903. GEORGIA: Liberty Co.: Altamaha Swamp, 18-21 Jun 1895, Small s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Vaccinium caesariense Vaccinium caesariense Mackenzie, Torreya 10: 230. 1910. NEW JERSEY: Ocean Co.: Toms River,
Vaccinium carolinianum Vaccinium carolinianum Ashe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 50: 359. 1923. NORTH CAROLINA: Transylvania Co.: Pink Beds, 27 May & 14 Jul 1916, Ashe s.n. (holotype: NCU?).
Vaccinium corymbosum var. amoenum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. amoenum (Aiton) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 250. 1856.Vaccinium amoenum Aiton 1789. 
Vaccinium corymbosum var. atrocarpum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. atrocarpum A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 250. 1856. Cult. in Cambridge, Massachusette, 1843-1844, Gray s.n. (holotype: GH; isotypes: NY 2 shts).
Vaccinium corymbosum var. atrococcum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. atrococcum A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. rev. 250. 1857, nom. illegit.Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. atrocarpum A. Gray 1856. 
Vaccinium corymbosum var. disocarpum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. disocarpum (Bigelow) Britton et al., Prelim. Cat. 32. 1888.Vaccinium disocarpum Bigelow 1840. 
Vaccinium corymbosum var. fuscatum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. fuscatum (Aiton) Hooker, Bot. Mag. 62: t. 3433. 1835.Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton 1789. 
Vaccinium corymbosum var. glabrum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. glabrum A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 250. 1856.  
Vaccinium corymbosum var. ozarkense Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. ozarkense Ashe, Torreya 25: 10. 1925.  
Vaccinium cuthbertii Vaccinium cuthbertii (Small) Uphof, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 48: 18. 1936.Cyanococcus cuthbertii Small 1933. 
Vaccinium disocarpum Vaccinium disocarpum Bigelow, Fl. Boston., ed. 3. 151. 1840. MASSACHUSETTS
Vaccinium disomorphum Vaccinium disomorphum Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 231. 1803.  
Vaccinium elliottii Vaccinium elliottii Chapman, Fl. South. u.S. 260. 1860. "Florida to South Carolina"
Vaccinium elongatum Vaccinium elongatum P. Watson, Dendrol. Brit. pl. 125. 1824.  
Vaccinium formosum Vaccinium formosum Andrews, Bot. Repos. 2: pl. 97. 1800.  
Vaccinium fuscatum Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 11. 1789.  
Vaccinium fuscatum var. pullum Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton, var. pullum Ashe, Rhodora 33: 196. 1931. FLORIDA: Marion Co.: Vicinity of Sellers Lake, 14 May 1923, Ashe s.n. (holotype: NCU?).
Vaccinium gilvum Vaccinium gilvum Meerburgh, Pl. Select. Icon. Pict. t. 18. 1798.  
Vaccinium grandiflorum Vaccinium grandiflorum P. Watson, Dendrol. Brit. pl. 125. 1824.  
Vaccinium holophyllum Vaccinium holophyllum (Small) Uphof, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 48: 19. 1936.Cyanococcus holophyllus Small 1933. 
Vaccinium marianum Vaccinium marianum P. Watson, Dendrol. Brit. pl. 124. 1824. MARYLAND
Vaccinium simulatum Vaccinium simulatum Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 896, 1336. 1903. KENTUCKY/VIRGINIA:
Vaccinium vicinum Vaccinium vicinum E. P. Bicknell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 41: 425. 1914. MASSACHUSETTS: Nantucket Co.: Trots Swamp, 3 Jul 1912, Bicknell s.n. (holotype: NY).
Vaccinium virgatum Vaccinium virgatum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 12. 1789. GEORGIA?
Vaccinium virgatum var. parvifolium Vaccinium virgatum Aiton, var. parvifolium A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 22. 1878.Vaccinium elliottii Chapman 1860. 
Vaccinium constablaei Vaccinium constablaei A. Gray, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 42: 42. 1842. NORTH CAROLINA: Mitchell Co.: Top of Roan Mountain, Jul 1844, Gray & Carey s.n. (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Vaccinium corymbosum var. albiflorum Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus, var. albiflorum (Hooker) Fernald, Rhodora 51: 104. 1949.Vaccinium albiflorum Hooker 1835. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU122543 Jackson 1 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
620
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UWAL0033535 Lawrence 10 Jun 2007 England, J. Kevin
0632
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122548 Limestone 10 May 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00461
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00047289 Cherokee 19 May 1988 Sidney McDaniel
29815
UNA
Vaccinium constablaei Gray
TROY000004453 Baldwin 27 Apr 1991 J. Birks
29
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
SAMF0004140 Shelby 09 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4181
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
63805 Crenshaw 10 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14436
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004460 Dale 20 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14999
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
65988 Baldwin 23 MAR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16191
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UWAL0007499 Franklin 27 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
0834
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
20978 DeKalb 24 JUL 1970 HOPSON, GEORGE R.
0093
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UNA00013637 Clay 30 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
11170 Lee 23 APR 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004455 Coffee 08 May 1991 Tammy Turner
16
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122538 Etowah 29 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1585
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
20985 Clay 2 MAY 1970 WILLIAMS, ANN
120
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UWAL0019010 Geneva 17 Jul 1992 Kral, R.
81170
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
63605 DeKalb 20 MAR 2004 BALLARD, D. M.
446
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
26593 Jackson 3 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34805
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UNA00013586 Washington 9 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
877
UNA
Vaccinium amoenum Ait.
44195 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1519
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
54526 Crenshaw 5 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9213
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000018686 Hale 04 Jun 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10394
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00069735 Covington 15 Apr 2009 C. J. Hansen
3692
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
UNA00053395 Marshall 17 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
116
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
JSU122549 Marshall 28 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4165
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122541 Etowah 11 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1108
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
SAMF0004146 Cherokee 19 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4252
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
62135 Marshall 17 JUL 1956 THOMAS, JOAB L.
116
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004457 Crenshaw 12 Apr 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11242
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
62918 Cleburne 27 AUG 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
12245 Macon 10 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
44194 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1499
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
52403 Pike 31 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9039
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122544 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. David Whetstone
5448
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00065476 Cherokee 12 May 1988 C. C. Dickson
1251
UNA
Vaccinium constablaei Gray
UNA00013677 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 1977 Denise Harvey
96
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
JSU122539 Etowah 24 Jun 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9945
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
51316 Dale 7 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7570
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122535 Clay 3 May 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
607a
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122537 Cleburne 4 May 1995 S. E. Hruska
692
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UWAL0035079 DeKalb 29 Apr 2017 England, J. Kevin
7675
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
35819 Bibb 17 OCT 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
404
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122532 Cherokee 11 Jun 1987 C. C. Dickson
403
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013682 Hale 5 Mar 1966 Norris H. Williams
170
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
JSU122551 Marshall 2 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4173
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
TROY000004458 Crenshaw 30 May 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11706
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
63182 Hale 4 JUN 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10394
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004454 Butler 09 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13283
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013581 Baldwin 12 Apr 1899 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vaccinium amoenum Ait.
37848 DeKalb 19 AUG 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
403
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122546 Lee 30 Mar 1968 Dickie Brown
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122542 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
915
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
SAMF0004147 Chambers 17 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4206
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
33512 Shelby 4 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
856
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
NY00010570 Bullock 23 Apr 1902 Biltmore Herbarium
6170
NY
Vaccinium amoenum Aiton
UNA00013900 Washington 20 Apr 1964 Sidney McDaniel
4213
UNA
Vaccinium amoenum Ait.
TROY000004463 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
120
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
51806 Covington 12 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7579
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004452 Baldwin 23 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16191
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
49553 Escambia 27 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4893
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UWAL0007498 Escambia 29 Mar 1981 Kral, R.
66781
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
JSU122545 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5357
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013697 Shelby 9 May 1981 Charles N. Horn
286
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
38511 Lee 10 APR 1980 RUSH, BOB
038
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122547 Lee 28 Jun 1973 Kenneth G. Johnson
074
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
SAMF0004145 Etowah 19 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4226
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
66302 Cleburne 29 MAY 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12272
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004459 Crenshaw 10 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14486
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013732 Choctaw 20 Apr 1964 Sidney McDaniel
4221
UNA
Vaccinium amoenum Ait.
UWAL0018324 Covington 08 Apr 1988 Kral, R.
74587
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
52550 Escambia 16 JUN 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6979
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UWAL0032241 St. Clair 06 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4184
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
44198 Butler 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
970
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000018658 Franklin 27 Jun 2008 J. Kevin England
834
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122552 Winston 3 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5700
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00064376 Dale 20 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14999
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
UNA00065649 Cleburne 29 May 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12272
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
17833 DeKalb 30 APR 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122540 Etowah 30 Mar 1995 L. M. Hodge
4105
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
12735 Clarke 1 MAY 1966 WILSON, J. R.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UWAL0032584 Marion 28 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6477
UWAL
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
14686 Lee 6 APR 1969 BARNES, W. K.
019
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
10621 Lee 1 MAY 1963 LAMB, JAMES M.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
UNA00013687 Hale 17 Aug 1966 Norris H. Williams
415
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
JSU122534 Chilton 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13503
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
USAM000005745 Jackson 03 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
34805
USAM
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
69357 Covington 15 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3692
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004456 Covington 08 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12504
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013662 Baldwin 10 Jun 1890 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
20977 Lee 20 JUL 1970 MORRIS, KERMIT
35
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
JSU122550 Marshall 5 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1317
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
52069 Dale 8 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7934
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
USAM000005734 Mobile 05 Jun 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10272
USAM
Vaccinium amoenum Aiton
JSU122536 Cleburne 4 May 1995 S. E. Hruska
700
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
SAMF0004139 St. Clair 28 Mar 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4613
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122533 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
JSU122531 Cherokee 6 May 1983 C. M. De Fiori
046
JSU
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00060133 Hale 4 Jun 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10394
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
TROY000018685 Cleburne 29 May 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12272
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
64908 Dale 20 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14999
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004461 Dale 20 May 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
37252 Choctaw 17 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
199
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
SAMF0004113 Tallapoosa 15 Apr 2006 Brock, Jane M.
43
SAMF
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
UNA00013667 Cullman 24 Jun 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vaccinium corymbosum L.
10743 Lee 22 MAY 1963 POTTS, WILLIAM N.
AUA
VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM L.
TROY000004462 Monroe 27 May 2001 Robert Kral
91208
TROY
Vaccinium corymbosum Linnaeus
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