Epigaea repens

Family:ERICACEAE
Species:Epigaea repens Linnaeus
Common Name:Trailing Arbutus; Ground Laurel; Mayflower
Habitat:Acidic hardwood forests.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Trailing Arbutus is a native evergreen creeping subshrub in the Azalea family (Ericaceae). It occurs primarily in the northern half of Alabama. Trailing Arbutus grows in sandy pine woodlands, in rocky woods, in ravines, and on roadside banks. It is a creeping subshrub only a few inches in height. The branches are prostrate along the soil surface and often covered with leaf litter. The twigs are long pubescent, especially when young. Leaves are alternate though they are often so closely spaced as to appear opposite or whorled. Leaves are petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, thick and leathery in texture, and pubescent. The leaves have ciliate margins. Flowers are produced in dense axillary or terminal spikes or racemes. Individual flowers have 5 dry gennish brown sepals. Flowers are salverform in shape with 5 spreading lobes. Flowers are white to pink in color and fragrant. Flowers can be bisexual or functionally unisexual (due to sterile stamens or undeveloped ovary). The staminate flowers are larger than carpellate flowers. The fruit is a fleshy capsule. Trailing Arbutus is sometimes cultivated but is difficult to establish and maintain. It prefers a well-draining acidic soil in full to partial sun.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyERICACEAE - Heath family
Genus Epigaea
Species Epigaea repens Linnaeus - Trailing Arbutus; Ground Laurel; Mayflower

Citation

Citation EPIGAEA REPENS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 395. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 564.1). Lectotypified by Reveal et al., Huntia 7: 232. 1987.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Epigaea repens var. rubicunda Epigaea repens Linnaeus, var. rubicunda D. Don, in Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2. 4: t. 384. 1837.  
Epigaea repens var. glabrifolia Epigaea repens Linnaeus, var. glabrifolia Fernald, Rhodora 41: 446, t. 562(1-3). 1939. CANADA: Nova Scotia: Middleton, 20 Jul 1920, Fernald et al. 22167 (holotype: GH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Morgan, Perry, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1895 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU139173 Etowah 21 May 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8178
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
SAMF0004039 Jefferson 08 Mar 1953 Unknown
s.n.
SAMF
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00027007 Mobile 09 Mar 1895 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
AUA_ACC_51260 Cleburne 12 Feb 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6658
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
JSU121391 Marshall 6 Jul 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4177
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013176 Jackson 30 Jul 1949 Segars, Charles B.
127
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121377 Clay 3 Apr 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1375
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121368 Blount 13 Mar 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2294
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013170 Perry 09 Jul 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9245
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121394 Talladega 10 Mar 1983 Reedy, Jane
017
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00064860 Blount 14 Mar 1998 Keener, Brian R.
526
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121376 Cherokee 20 Mar 1980 Allred, S.
029
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00073036 Bibb 03 Jun 2016 Kleinman, Jonathan
7
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121371 Calhoun 23 Mar 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121381 Cleburne 18 Mar 1971 Banholzer, M.L.
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0019633 Blount 07 Mar 1991 Kral, Robert
78343
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
AUA_ACC_11173 Jackson 2 Apr 1963 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
AUA_ACC_51355 Chilton 16 Apr 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8568
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
UWAL0034663 Autauga 31 Mar 1996 Kral, Robert
85722
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121386 DeKalb 17 Mar 1956 Burdette, Bill
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121395 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6713
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013169 Clay 30 Apr 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9055
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121375 Cherokee 25 Mar 1984 Beavers, Donna D.
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013182 Tuscaloosa 23 Mar 1966 Brown, Donald H.
23
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
SAMF0004038 Shelby 20 Mar 1996 Stiles, Jimmy
62
SAMF
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_55219 Marion 28 Mar 1972 Kral, Robert
45191
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
JSU121367 Blount 31 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7846
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU143587 Calhoun 06 Jun 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0007514 Blount 14 Mar 1998 Keener, Brian R.
526
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
UNA00017710 St. Clair 29 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
45878
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121396 Walker 1 Apr 1956 Roberts, Bruce
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013174 Marshall 06 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
952
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121379 Cleburne 3 Nov 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
914
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00026998 Cullman 30 Mar _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121370 Calhoun 11 Mar 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
082
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121390 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1340
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0043070 Baldwin 11 Mar 2011 Todia, Gena
1727
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
UWAL0007515 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4357
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
UWAL0046784 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
353
UWAL
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU140248 Escambia 24 Feb 1961 Evans, Seth R.
1
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013173 Bibb 09 Mar 1981 Horn, Charles N.
167
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU144453 Cleburne 29 Mar 1993 Hutchinson, Francine
1265
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
TROY000018675 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4357
TROY
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121384 Cullman 11 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
576
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00027308 Mobile 01 Mar 1897 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
TROY000018566 Blount 14 Mar 1998 Keener, Brian R.
526
TROY
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121392 Marshall 5 Apr 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1308
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013165 Winston 22 May 1949 Harvill, Jr., A.M.
5049
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
USAM000005562 Mobile 02 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4468.2
USAM
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU140408 Cherokee 20 Mar 1956 Hampton, Bill
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0031373 Winston 01 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4711
UWAL
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121380 Cleburne 8 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
557
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013168 Monroe 15 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7708
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121382 Cleburne 8 Apr 1971 Clifton, Brent
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013167 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 1966 Tucker, Charles E.
55
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
UNA00013180 Mobile 28 Feb 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
TROY000018664 Cherokee 22 Aug 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
205
TROY
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121387 Etowah 6 May 1996 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4453
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013171 Jackson 14 Jul 1949 Harvill, Jr., A.M.
5429
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
UNA00013179 Lauderdale 19 Apr 1959 Kernachan, Bertha
91
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121374 Cherokee 23 Feb 2013 Goodloe, R.O.
007
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0002621 Clay 04 Apr 2010 England, J. Kevin
2312
UWAL
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121388 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1676
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_15319 DeKalb 30 Apr 1966 Searcy, James W.
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
UNA00023508 Escambia 31 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9510
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121372 Calhoun 5 Apr 1970 Boone, W.E. (Bill)
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121378 Cleburne 8 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1136
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
AUA000030050 Blount 7 Mar 1991 Kral, Robert
78343
AUA
Epigaea Repens L.
TROY000044766 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
353
TROY
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121373 Calhoun 29 Feb 1956 Terry, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UWAL0051974 Cullman 09 Apr 2021 England, J. Kevin
11898
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
SAMF0003257 Blount 07 Mar 1991 Kral, Robert
78343
SAMF
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
JSU121389 Jackson 25 Mar 1967 Sanford, N.
s.n.
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013178 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
48
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121385 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
305
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013177 Lawrence 03 May 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2029
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
UWAL0050711 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1340
UWAL
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121369 Calhoun 20 Mar 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1516
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
ALNHS00001594 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-16
ALNHS
Epigaea repens L.
UWAL0051266 Coosa 10 Mar 1968 Wimberly, Margaret T.
167
UWAL
Epigaea repens
UNA00013175 Calhoun 08 May 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7131
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121393 Morgan 13 Feb 1992 Fuller, Alison
13
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
UNA00013172 DeKalb 11 Apr 1964 Caldwell, Richard D.
8
UNA
Epigaea repens L.
JSU121383 Cleburne 16 Apr 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9847
JSU
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
SAMF0004037 Shelby 09 Apr 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4186
SAMF
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
TROY000018567 Randolph 05 May 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3464
TROY
Epigaea repens Linnaeus
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