Cliftonia monophylla

Family:CYRILLACEAE
Species:Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
Common Name:Buckwheat Tree; Black Titi
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Black Titi is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the Titi family (Cyrillaceae). It is found in the southern third of Alabama. Black Titi often forms thickets along blackwater streams and in bogs. It is multi-stemmed, and may reach a height of twenty five feet. Black Titi has alternate, simple, leathery leaves. The leaves are dark green and shiny above and lighter green or whitish below. The flowers are produced in early spring. Flowers are arranged in upright racemes at the ends of the branches. Each flower has five white petals and bright orange anthers. The flowers are fragrant and an important nectar source for bees. The fruit is a five winged drupe that resembles the fruit of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), giving this plant an alternate common name of Buckwheat Tree. Black Titi is easily cultivated in southern Alabama. It prefers moist sandy soil in full sun. Black Titi is rarely available from native plant nurseries. A selection known as “Chipola Pink’, with pink flowers is sometimes available.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCYRILLACEAE - Titi family
Genus Cliftonia
Species Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent - Buckwheat Tree; Black Titi

Citation

Citation CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (Lamarck) Sargent, Silva N. Amer. 2: 7. 1892.
Basionym: Ptelea monophylla Lamarck 1792.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cliftonia ligustrina Cliftonia ligustrina (Willdenow) Sims ex Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 316. 1825.Mylocaryum ligustrinum Willdenow 1809. 
Cliftonia nitida C. F. Gaertner FLORIDA: "habitat in Florida occidentali",
Mylocaryum ligustrinum Mylocaryum ligustrinum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 454. 1809.  
Ptelea monophylla Ptelea monophylla Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 336. 1792.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
16774 Baldwin 3 APR 1966 WATSON, R. L.
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
USAM000005401 Mobile 14 Jul 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3375.2
USAM
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
32275 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35815
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UNA00053361 Escambia 6 May 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10046
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00012917 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2904
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012984 Mobile 9 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
862
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00006577 Escambia 19 May 2002 A. R. Diamond
13206
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
37083 Monroe 11 MAY 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
134
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
JSU139545 Escambia 06 May 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10046
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
AMAL00006579 Mobile 25 Mar 1995 D.D. Spaulding
8701
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
50280 Covington 30 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6780
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
42045 Escambia 12 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2308
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0015815 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24861
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
TROY000039166 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24861
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
SAMF0004027 Escambia 31 Mar 1962 Findley, Davis
40
SAMF
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
12377 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2210
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
JSU120894 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
12278
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
24029 Baldwin 8 APR 1972 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
744
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0034466 Geneva 30 Mar 1996 Kral, R.
85719
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
UNA00065306 Covington 21 Mar 1981 L. J. Davenport
2123
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
TROY000004207 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13811
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00059005 Escambia 19 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13206
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
UWAL0007392 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2904
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
65715 Baldwin 26 DEC 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16099
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
AMAL00006573 Covington 15 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13033
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
JSU140401 Baldwin 16 Apr 1959 Grelen
4/59-38
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
37572 Escambia 6 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
550
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0037895 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7470
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt.
SAMF0004026 Mobile 31 Mar 2007 Davenport, L. J.
3655
SAMF
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
19602 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
513-69
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000004200 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2904
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
6155 Baldwin 16 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000004206 Escambia 19 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13206
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
JSU120892 Baldwin 29 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
458
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UWAL0002083 Coffee 25 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21206
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
41333 Butler 24 DEC 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2014
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000004205 Covington 08 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12515
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00064924 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2904
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
70391 Covington 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4020
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000004204 Covington 15 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13033
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
18086 Geneva 25 JUL 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
32007
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UNA00012998 Baldwin 30 Apr 1978 Denise Harvey
324
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
64786 Mobile 19 APR 1958 TRAVERSE, ALFRED
546
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UNA00059646 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8036
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
UNA00012989 Mobile 27 Mar 1982 Robert R. Haynes
8504
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00006571 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2065
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012977 Escambia 7 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1487
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00006575 Covington 08 Jul 2001 A. R. Diamond
12515
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00060617 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13811
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00009182 Covington 19 May 2009 C.J. Hansen
4020
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
41337 Escambia 29 DEC 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2040
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
3309 Escambia 18 MAY 1958 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0007395 Escambia 18 May 1958 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Sarg.
JSU120893 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4264
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
JSU120899 Houston 7 May 1995 John R. MacDonald
8629
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
66617 Baldwin 28 SEP 1985 MOORE, C. M.
038
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000030919 Escambia 18 May 1958 Donald E. Davis
s.n.
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
72567 Baldwin 21 FEB 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-202
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000032769 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21734
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
AMAL00006576 Escambia 25 Mar 2003 A. R. Diamond
13811
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
66623 Mobile 26 MAR 1994 PAYNE, CLINT
35
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000032677 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22269
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
45261 Baldwin 22 MAR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3049
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
USAM000005403 Mobile 20 Mar 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4241.2
USAM
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00058035 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2065
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00007542 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8036
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
TROY000033085 Covington 19 May 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
4020
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
JSU120898 Escambia 29 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1252
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UWAL0010809 Butler 17 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22860
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
45097 Mobile 11 APR 1986 MALO, LORNE K.
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
USAM000005402 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8317
USAM
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00064069 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
12278
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
AMAL00006572 Butler 23 May 2002 A. R. Diamond
13214b
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
37054 Monroe 8 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
062
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000032024 Coffee 25 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21206
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
45260 Escambia 22 MAR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3046
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
USAM000005404394 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7626
USAM
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
43440 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1542
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0037038 Covington 24 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7138
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00016790 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1651
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
SAMF0004028 Mobile 24 Mar 1963 Deramus, Rebecca
263
SAMF
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
47757 Baldwin 27 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
668-69
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
13062 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 DICKENS, RAY
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0007394 Monroe 29 Mar 1981 Kral, R.
66789
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Sarg.
SAMF0004020 Covington 21 Mar 1981 Davenport, L. J.
2123
SAMF
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
TROY000004202 Butler 23 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13214b
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012982 Baldwin 28 Jan 1950 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
s.n.
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
UWAL0008462 Conecuh 27 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22269
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
63021 Escambia 25 MAR 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13811
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0008240 Houston 17 Jan 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21734
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012999 4 Mar _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
10699 Macon 27 MAR 1963 HAYES, A. W.
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
TROY000004203 Covington 21 Mar 1981 L. J. Davenport
2123
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012987 Baldwin 28 Mar 1964 Sidney McDaniel
4065
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
16773 Macon 9 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
JSU120897 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18984
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
JSU120896 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UWAL0038338 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8317
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00012985 Washington 27 Mar 1977 L. J. Davenport
15
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
TROY000004201 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
16099
TROY
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UNA00059014 Butler 23 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13214b
UNA
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. ex Sarg.
UWAL0034423 Mobile 10 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84992
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Sarg.
41250 Escambia 28 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1899
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
AMAL00010949 Covington 21 Mar 1981 L. J. Davenport
2123
AMAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
66246 Covington 21 MAR 1981 DAVENPORT, LAWRENCE J.
2123
AUA
CLIFTONIA MONOPHYLLA (LAM.) SARG.
UWAL0007393 Covington 21 Mar 1981 Davenport, L.J.
2123
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Sargent
JSU120895 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 C. L. Lawler
078
JSU
Cliftonia monophylla (Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent
UWAL0037890 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7507
UWAL
Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt.
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