Ophioglossum pycnostichum

Family:OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Species:Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Common Name:Southern Adder's Tongue; Common Adder's Tongue
Habitat:Mesic forests, old fields in succession.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Adder's Tongue is a native fern in the Adder's-Tongue family (Ophioglossaceae). It can be found in central and northern Alabama. Southern Adder's Tongue occurs in shady woodlands, on hardwood forested slopes, and in floodplain forests. It is a perennial with a short erect rhizome. The plant produces a single photosynthetic leaf (the trophophore) and fertile modified leaf (sporophore) on a common stem. The leaves are produced in the late spring and usually die down by mid-summer. The blade of the trophophore is subcordate to ovate in outline, shiny green in color, and glabrous. The sporophore is cylindrical, unbranched, with the sporangia in 2 rows and deeply sunken in the fleshy upper portion. Plants reproduce by spores. The gametophytes are subterranean and have a symbiotic relationship with fungi. This species is very similar to O. vulgatum of Europe. It is sometimes lumped into that species or treated as a variety of it (Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum). This species is probably more common than records suggest. It is small and easily overlooked among other vegetation.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:This taxon is very close to O. vulgatum in Europe of which it has been lumped with or recognized as a variety, Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum.
Status:Native
References:Rhodora 41(490): 494–495, pl. 570. 1939.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOPHIOGLOSSACEAE - Adder's-Tongue family
Genus Ophioglossum
Species Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve - Southern Adder's Tongue; Common Adder's Tongue

Citation

Citation Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve, Taxon 26(2/3): 324. 1977.
Basionym: Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. pycnostichum Fernald 1939.
Type: USA: Virginia: Dinwiddie Co., rich deciduous woods about old marl pits, east of Burgess Station. Fernald & Long 9796. holotype: GH; isotype: PH)

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum Fernald, Rhodora 41(490): 494–495, pl. 570. 1939. USA: Virginia: Dinwiddie Co., rich deciduous woods about old marl pits, east of Burgess Station. Fernald & Long 9796. holotype: GH; isotype: PH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Colbert, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1975 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000013470 Calhoun 03 Apr 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12234
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0012289 Madison 13 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7754
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
UNA00051424 Calhoun 08 May 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7135
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. pycnostichum Fernald
UNAF0001367 Lauderdale 14 Apr 1973 Yokley, David G.
UNAF
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
JSU107366 Lawrence 26 Apr 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16488
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UNA00061259 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11741
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
JSU107375 Walker 13 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38430
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107373 Talladega 15 Jun 1995 Ballard, J. Mark
5511
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0009871 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7005
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
JSU107361 Calhoun 07 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
413
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
AMAL00011634 Calhoun 03 Apr 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12234
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
JSU107372 Talladega 01 Mar 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8897
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107363 Etowah 10 Apr 1999 Spaulding, Savannah
s.n.
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
TROY000045414 Macon 12 May 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27821
TROY
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve
JSU107369 Limestone 01 Apr 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00374
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
AMAL00015331 Cherokee 22 Apr 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12593
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
JSU107374 Talladega 09 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1367
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107365 Jefferson 09 Apr 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1382
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0037119 Morgan 20 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14528
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
JSU107362 Cleburne 12 Apr 1968 Collier, Gary
s.n.
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107364 Jefferson 23 May 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1527
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
SAMF0006158 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5009
SAMF
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. Love & D. Love
JSU107370 Limestone 01 Apr 1996 Hofmann, Tim L.
00134
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
AMAL00018762 Jackson 20 Apr 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-502
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
UNA00063602 Choctaw 26 Mar 2003 Schotz, Alfred
1889
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
AMAL00019536 Lawrence 12 Apr 2008 England, J. Kevin
612
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
TROY000036190 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7005
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0001318 St. Clair 12 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5159
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
AUA_ACC_31657 Macon 21 Apr 1977 Short, John W.
891
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
JSU107367 Lawrence 25 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17713
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0012283 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7744
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
TROY000040952 Madison 13 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7754
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UNA00068811 Monroe 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4252
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
AUA_ACC_9714 Macon 28 Mar 1961 Wilkinson, Philip
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
UWAL0001316 Lawrence 12 Apr 2008 England, J. Kevin
612
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
TROY000049406 Montgomery 21 Feb 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29178
TROY
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Love
UWAL0009500 Macon 21 May 1953 Jones, Samuel B., Jr.
566
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
UNA00065653 Calhoun 03 Apr 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12234
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
TROY000048209 Autauga 20 Mar 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1550
TROY
Ophioglossum pycnostichum(Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve
UWAL0016079 Colbert 26 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4886
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
UNAF0001366 Lauderdale 01 May 1974 Carter, Tom
s.n.
UNAF
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
UNA00058153 St. Clair 11 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2527
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
AMAL00011930 Macon 05 Apr 2004 Kral, Robert
94367
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
UWAL0001315 Cherokee 22 Apr 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12593
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
UWAL0032343 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6136
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
TROY000013526 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11741
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0017233 Lawrence 10 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4212
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Love
UNA00051422 Limestone 29 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1075
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. pycnostichum Fernald
TROY000014402 Monroe 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4252
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107368 Lawrence 27 Apr 2012 Whetstone, R. David
16449
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UNA00054152 Blount 11 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
580
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
TROY000040839 Blount 30 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6437
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
JSU107371 Marshall 23 Apr 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3493
JSU
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UWAL0011723 Blount 30 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6437
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
AMAL00007273 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11741
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
UWAL0047700 Randolph 21 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2388
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve
AMAL00016498 Lauderdale 25 Jun 2009 Holt, Brian D.
SC-83
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
UWAL0001317 Monroe 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4252
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
TROY000016651 Lawrence 12 Apr 2008 England, J. Kevin
612
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
UNA00059740 Madison 30 Mar 2002 Threlkeld, S.J.
1511
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
AUA_ACC_9490 Macon 11 Apr 1961 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
566
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
UWAL0048002 Cherokee 27 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10834
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
TROY000052071 Tallapoosa 11 Apr 2021 Diamond, Alvin R.
29573
TROY
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) Á. Löve & D. Löve
AUA_ACC_49794 Lee 18 May 1988 Freeman, John D.
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
UWAL0047995 Etowah 27 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10828
UWAL
Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Löve
AUA_ACC_65802 Lee 19 Apr 2006 Birkhead, Roger
SN
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
AMAL00014127 Monroe 26 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4252
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
AUA000042902 Lawrence 10 Apr 2018 Birkhead, Roger
AUA
Ophioglossum Vulgatum L.
AMAL00017790 Cherokee 10 Apr 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
IM-432
AMAL
Ophioglossum vulgatum L.
UNA00051423 Winston 19 Apr 1975 Boyd, Bonnie
74
UNA
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. pycnostichum Fernald
TROY000000362 Macon 02 Apr 2001 Martin, Brian H.
1036
TROY
Ophioglossum vulgatum Linnaeus
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