Sceptridium lunarioides

Family:OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
Species:Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
Common Name:Winter Grape Fern; Prostrate Grape Fern
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Winter Grape Fern is a native herbaceous perennial in the Adder's-Tongue family (Ophioglossaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Winter Grape Fern occurs in cemeteries, in lawns, on roadsides, and in pine woodlands. It is a perennial with thick, cord-like roots. The trophophore (the sterile blade that is photosynthetic) appears in late autumn and dies by early spring. It is prostrate and often concealed in the grass. The leaf blade is deltate in outline and up to 5-pinnate. The pinnules are rounded and fan-shaped without a midrib. Their margins are denticulate. Sporophores (the spore-bearing branch) are erect and 2-pinnate. The sporophores remain tightly curled through early winter and become erect in February-March.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOPHIOGLOSSACEAE - Adder's-Tongue family
Genus Sceptridium
Species Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub - Winter Grape Fern; Prostrate Grape Fern

Citation

Citation Sceptridium lunarioides (Michaux) Holub, Preslia 70(2): 111. 1998.
Basionym: Botrypus lunarioides Michx. 1803.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: "in pascuis, circa Charlstown", s.d., Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Botrychium fumariae Botrychium fumariae Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 4(1): 23. 1827, nom. illegit.Botrypus lunarioides Michaux 1803. 
Botrychium fumarianum Botrychium fumarianum Smith, in Rees, Cycl. 39: no. 4. 1819, nom. illegit.Botrypus lunarioides Michaux 1803. 
Botrychium fumarioides Botrychium fumarioides Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 63. 1810, nom. illegit.Botrypus lunarioides Michaux 1803. 
Botrychium ternatum var. lunarioides Botrychium ternatum (Thunberg) Swartz, var. lunarioides (Michaux) D. C. Eaton, Ferns N. Amer. 1: 148. 1878.Botrypus lunarioides Michaux 1803. 
Botrychium lunarioides Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz, Syn. Fil. 172. 1806.Botrypus lunarioides Michx. 1803. 
Botrypus lunarioides Botrypus lunarioides Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 274. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: "in pascuis, circa Charlstown", s.d., Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1883 - 1977

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000030596 Monroe 20 Jan 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21128
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWFP000510 Escambia 09 Mar 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18254
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
TROY000013308 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18753
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52127 Pike 10 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7969
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UNA00064689 Chilton 16 Mar 2006 Schotz, Alfred
1997
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_50340 Crenshaw 21 Feb 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8537
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52044 Crenshaw 25 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8037
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000326 Dale 08 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
13
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00005425 Covington 03 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12940
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_53217 Pike 9 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7878
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_53715 Lowndes 6 Apr 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8540
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000515 Conecuh 24 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18229
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
AUA_ACC_51842 Pike 13 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7266
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_51891 Conecuh 15 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7978
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52265 Pike 28 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8045
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001279 Monroe 20 Jan 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21128
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000000320 Baldwin 30 Jan 2002 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1495
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52649 Pike 11 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7260
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
ALNHS00001032 Dallas 08 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-652
ALNHS
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
USAM000000191 Mobile 29 Feb 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
8971
USAM
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UNA00060634 Coffee 02 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13776
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
UWAL0033095 Geneva 07 Feb 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27163
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00005427 Randolph 28 Mar 2001 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10994
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000328 Dale 11 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
28
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_63048 Coffee 2 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13776
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52651 Covington 9 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7259
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000325 Covington 03 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12940
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_7022 Lee 14 Apr 1960 Jones, Jr., S.B.
27
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001276 Geneva 28 Jan 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21130
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_51733 Bullock 13 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7278
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0045315 Autauga 24 Apr 1994 Thomas, R. Dale
134966
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000000324 Conecuh 09 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12943
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWFP000516 Covington 06 Mar 2005 James R. Burkhalter
20235
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
UNA00051377 Mobile 06 Mar 1883 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AMAL00019606 Lowndes 12 Mar 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
216
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001273 Baldwin 21 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5034
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000048128 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1519
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UNA00051376 Tuscaloosa 29 Mar 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6068
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AMAL00012768 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3330
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000013307 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18779
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000329 Dale 10 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
23
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52016 Pike 20 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7999
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0047953 Barbour 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10712
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52809 Wilcox 5 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7242
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000512 Conecuh 24 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18227
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
UWAL0042805 Baldwin 22 Mar 2002 Larsen, Harry S.
994
UWAL
botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_51905 Crenshaw 15 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7974
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UNA00058364 Pike 29 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12995
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_56653 Crenshaw 3 Mar 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10141
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0038768 Washington 03 Feb 2019 Younge, Kaleigh M.
6
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000333 Dale 08 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
20
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_51749 Pike 12 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7263
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000042300 Marengo 02 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1824
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UNA00066640 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17306
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000000335 Houston 10 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12951
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWAL0036644 Mobile 01 Mar 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3688
UWAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michaux) Holub
AMAL00005428 Randolph 28 Mar 2001 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10995
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000338 Pike 23 Feb 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
s.n.
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_50342 Escambia 20 Feb 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8532
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001274 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18753
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AMAL00017333 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5080
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000502 Baldwin 17 Mar 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18284
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
UWAL0001282 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3330
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_53155 Dale 15 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7896
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0045491 Wilcox 28 Feb 1973 Thomas, R. Dale
33901
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00005426 Pike 29 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12995
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000506 Escambia 12 Mar 2006 James R. Burkhalter
20733
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
TROY000000321 Coffee 15 Jan 2001 Martin, Brian H.
1017
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_53212 Pike 11 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7882
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
ALNHS00001609 Monroe 01 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-365
ALNHS
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0036361 Baldwin 14 Mar 2015 Horne, Howard E.
2787
UWAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michaux) Holub
UWAL0001281 Sumter 07 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5673
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000026110 Barbour 05 Mar 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20499
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000334 Dale 11 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
25
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00014856 Chambers 28 Mar 2006 Schotz, Alfred
2005
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52653 Conecuh 9 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7255
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000322 Coffee 02 Mar 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13776
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52805 Pike 6 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7247
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001277 Greene 19 Feb 2007 Buckner, Richard
s.n.
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_51840 Bullock 13 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7271
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52018 Pike 17 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7994
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000323 Conecuh 31 Mar 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12318
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWFP000507 Escambia 12 Mar 2006 James R. Burkhalter
20731
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
TROY000030591 Geneva 28 Jan 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21130
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_53211 Coffee 11 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7881
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UNA00059738 Baldwin 30 Jan 2002 Threlkeld, S.J.
1495
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
UWAL0011093 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
320
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52878 Crenshaw 25 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8040
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000013309 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3330
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000331 Dale 08 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
15
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00017396 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17306
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_53214 Montgomery 9 Feb 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7880
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52807 Pike 6 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7246
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000505 Mobile 28 Feb 2009 James R. Burkhalter
22148
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
AUA_ACC_51841 Bullock 13 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7268
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52814 Crenshaw 16 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7295
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_56651 Crenshaw 3 Mar 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10144
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0045492 Marengo 28 Feb 1973 Thomas, R. Dale
33894
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000327 Dale 10 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
22
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWAL0001275 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5080
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000029396 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5080
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UNA00058384 Conecuh 09 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12943
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000035020 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
320
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
ALNHS00006357 Houston 18 Mar 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP#84
ALNHS
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0001278 Marengo 02 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1824
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
TROY000013306 Butler 01 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18722
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000332 Dale 08 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
18
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_50341 Covington 20 Feb 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8533
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0031786 Coffee 29 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26066
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AMAL00017167 Baldwin 21 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5034
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000508 Escambia 18 Mar 2006 James R. Burkhalter
20750
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
UWAL0001280 Monroe 04 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3350
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_51904 Crenshaw 15 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7972
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0045493 Butler 28 Feb 1973 Thomas, R. Dale
33906
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000336 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17306
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
UWFP000504 Mobile 08 Mar 2008 James R. Burkhalter
21713
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
AUA_ACC_51560 Henry 10 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7963
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0033657 Clarke 13 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9349
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AMAL00005424 Conecuh 09 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12943
AMAL
Sceptridium lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_52045 Pike 25 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8035
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
TROY000000337 Pike 29 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12995
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
TROY000000330 Dale 11 Mar 1992 Watkins, James E., Jr.
24
TROY
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52920 Coffee 21 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8033
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWAL0046224 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1519
UWAL
Botrychium lunarioides (Michaux) Swartz
AUA_ACC_52808 Wilcox 5 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7244
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
UWFP000514 Conecuh 24 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18228
UWFP
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Swartz
UNA00066976 Washington 03 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3330
UNA
Botrychium lunarioides (Michx.) Sw.
AUA_ACC_51843 Pike 13 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7264
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
AUA_ACC_51892 Butler 15 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7976
AUA
Sceptridium Lunarioides (Michx.) Holub
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