Viburnum prunifolium

Family:ADOXACEAE
Species:Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
Common Name:Smooth Blackhaw; Plumleaf Viburnum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Smooth Blackhaw is a native deciduous shrub or small tree in the Moschatel family (Adoxaceae). It is found primarily in the Black Belt and Tennessee River regions and other areas with basic soils. Smooth Blackhaw grows in deciduous forests, in prairies, along creeks and streams, and along fence rows. It is a single or multi-trunked shrub or small tree reaching heights of 20 feet. The bark is gray in color and breaks into small squares. Stems are stiff and arching with short side shoots that are at right angles to the main stem. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, with finely serrate margins. Leaves are relatively thin and dark green above and paler green below. The leaves are glabrous or scantly brown scurfy. The petiole and leaf margins are often reddish. Flowers are produced in rounded terminal panicles. Each flower has 5 cream colored lobes. The fruit is a black drupe. The drupes remain on the shrub late into winter and are a favorite of birds and small mammals. The fruits are also edible by humans and can be eaten fresh or made into jams and preserves. Dried fruit have a taste and texture similar to raisins. Smooth Blackhaw is available in the nursery trade. It makes a dense screen or hedge and can be grown as a specimen shrub. Plants prefer well-draining soils and are drought tolerant once established. Several cultivars are available including 'Summer Magic' and 'Early Red' which have bronze or reddish new leaves and 'Ovazam' which is a columnar form.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyADOXACEAE - Moschatel Family family
Genus Viburnum
Species Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus - Smooth Blackhaw; Plumleaf Viburnum

Citation

Citation VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM L. Sp. Pl. 1: 268. 1753. [http://www.botanicus.org/page/358287]
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 379.4). Lectotypified by Mal├ęcot, Taxon 51: 747. 2002.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Dallas, DeKalb, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0008412 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4239
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
TROY000020574 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Robert Kral
96726
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0008413 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3826
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0031648 Montgomery 24 Aug 1978 Kral, R.
62591
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000034828 Montgomery 12 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22927
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026069 Calhoun 9 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM L.
JSU107010 Talladega 22 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1933
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017560 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1020
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00014131 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4239
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00044515 Blount 13 May _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
JSU107005 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 J. P. Barber
1781
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017561 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3826
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0001713 Montgomery 13 Jun 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21407
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
AMAL00015842 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3826
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00044516 Morgan _ Nov 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
JSU107007 Lauderdale 01 May 1969 J. Henson
s.n.
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00044519 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0014770 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0977
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0012677 Pike 29 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23868
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00022731 Dallas 19 Apr 2016 T. Wayne Barger
SP#2216
AMAL
Vibirnum prunifolium L.
UNA00044512 DeKalb 5 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
TROY000034677 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22863
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00002678 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1020
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000037442 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23896
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0010828 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22863
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000039342 Butler 28 Oct 2013 Wayne Webb
s.n.
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0010915 Montgomery 12 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22927
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026072 Lee 5 APR 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
005
AUA
VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM L.
JSU107008 Lowndes 07 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
366
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000031689 Montgomery 13 Jun 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21407
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00015460 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 R. Kral
96726
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026071 Lee 6 MAY 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
049
AUA
VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM L.
TROY000036034 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
977
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000045766 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Matthew R. Parker
609
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0008429 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, R.
96726
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UNA00053557 Perry 30 Sep 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2456
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UNA00044511 Jackson 8 Oct 1969 R. Kral
37692
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
TROY000037431 Pike 29 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23868
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017570 Lowndes 24 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12980
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00067114 Wilcox 7 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3826
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UNA00044518 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 1877 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
TROY000034628 Butler 15 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22850
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107004 Calhoun 09 Apr 1968 M. Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026070 Lee 1 APR 1956 FUNDERBURK, JR., H. H.
AUA
VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM L.
UNA00044525 DeKalb 5 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
JSU107006 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 J. P. Barber
1781
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017559 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4239
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107011 Talladega 26 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16754
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
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