Triodanis biflora

Family:CAMPANULACEAE
Species:Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
Common Name:Small Venus' Looking Glass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRBI2
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAMPANULACEAE - Bellflower family
Genus Triodanis
Species Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene - Small Venus' Looking Glass

Citation

Citation TRIODANIS BIFLORA (Ruiz López & Pavón) Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco 230. 1894.
Basionym: Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1799.
Type: PERU: Without data, Ruiz López & Pavón s.n. (holotype: MA).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Campanula biflora Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 2: 55, pl. 200(b). 1799. PERU: Without data, Ruiz López & Pavón s.n. (holotype: MA).
Campanula ludoviciana Campanula ludoviciana Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 609. 1853. LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: Fields about New Orleans, s.d., Riddell s.n. [1018] (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by R. L. Wilbur & Whitson, Rhodora 109: 167-168. 2007.
Campanula montevidensis Campanula montevidensis Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 738. 1824. URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sello s.n. (holotype: ?).
Dysmicodon californicum Dysmicodon californicum Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 8: 256. 1843. CALIFORNIA
Dysmicodon ovatum Dysmicodon ovatum Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 8: 256. 1843. ARKANSAS: Pulaski Co.: Fort Gibson, s.d., Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by McVaugh, Wrightia 1: 33. 1945.
Legousia biflora Legouzia biflora (Ruiz López & Pavón) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 309. 1894.Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Pentagonia biflora Pentagonia biflora (Ruiz López & Pavón) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 381. 1891.Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Specularia californica Specularia californica (Nuttall) Vatke, Linnaea 38: 714. 1874.Dysmicodon californicum Nuttall 1843. 
Specularia ovata Specularia ovata (Nuttall) Vatke, Linnaea 38: 713. 1874.Dysmicodon ovatum Nuttall 1843. 
Specularia biflora Specularia biflora (Ruiz López & Pavón) Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 17. 1836.Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Triodanis perfoliata subsp. biflora Triodanis perfoliata (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, subsp. biflora (Ruiz Lopez & Pavon) Lammers, Novon 16: 72. 2006.Campanula biflora Ruiz Lopez & Pavon 1799. 
Triodanis perfoliata var. biflora Triodanis perfoliata (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, var. biflora (Ruiz López & Pavón) T. R. Bradley, Brittonia 27: 114. 1975.Campanula biflora Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1895 - 1981

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00013023 Morgan 15 May 1989 Ratley, Corey
014
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00026773 Mobile 10 Apr 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D 345
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
JSU115916 Etowah 27 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1337
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009310 Escambia 9 May 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3214
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115908 Calhoun 5 May 1967 Jennings, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009314 Lee 10 May 1961 Tsai, Chwen-Chu
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115910 Calhoun 11 May 1967 Boone, W.E. (Bill)
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115918 Jackson 27 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009323 Russell 25 Apr 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001-141
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000024851 Chilton 7 Apr 2006 Bearden, R.A.
11
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AMAL00011178 Russell 24 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16274
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00026733 Baldwin 11 Apr 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
AUA000009320 Pike 22 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4502
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
UNA00026769 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
TROY000042439 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26129
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009321 Randolph 15 May 1988 Nixon, C.F.
3836
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115928 Randolph 29 May 1985 Nixon, Christopher F.
1134b
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00026815 Dallas 15 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
39826
UNA
Specularia biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Fisch. & C.A. Mey.
JSU115930 Talladega 13 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115907 Calhoun 26 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
572
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000003477 Russell 24 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16274
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009317 Lee 10 May 1970 Knotts, Carl R.
191
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009316 Lee 27 May 1963 Porterfield, Martha
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
SAMF0006397 Tuscaloosa 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6150
SAMF
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
AUA000038803 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6250
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
TROY000003476 Lee 01 May 1966 Hocking, George M.
998
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
ALNHS00001233 Jackson 26 Apr 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-560
ALNHS
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
UWAL0043827 Baldwin 30 Apr 2007 Larsen, Harry S.
1603
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
AUA000009301 Bullock 15 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4763
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115911 Clay 5 May 1995 Ballard, J. Mark
5504
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009307 Dallas 18 Apr 1971 Tatum, E.M.
096
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115921 Lee 2 May 1966 Berry, Robert
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115915 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9589
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009318 Lee 4 May 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AMAL00006196 Madison 11 May 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8494
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00026774 Mobile 05 May 1895 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
TROY000017056 Barbour 4 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19158
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0039544 Monroe 07 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28287
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000031612 Montgomery 30 Apr 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21296
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0008353 Autauga 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5282
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009311 Geneva 26 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34534
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009306 Dale 15 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8126
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
ALNHS00001242 Clarke 22 May 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-151
ALNHS
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
AUA000009319 Pike 1999 Martin, Brian
36
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009302 Chilton 18 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
2841
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115929 St. Clair 4 May 1984 Beavers, Donna D.
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115906 Blount 24 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009312 Lee 18 May 1961 Carroll, J.
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
UWAL0032420 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6250
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115922 Lee 4 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00058067 Marion 30 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2114
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
JSU115927 Morgan 31 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3036a
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0008356 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1587
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115914 Conecuh 3 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46309
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009322 Russell 24 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16274
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
TROY000049835 Autauga 03 May 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1645
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000038048 Bullock 09 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1604
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0049793 Autauga 03 May 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1645
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000039815 Baldwin 13 Mar 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
1156
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000032297 Autauga 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5282
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115920 Lawrence 23 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3130
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000021231 Marengo 6 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1587
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0008355 Lawrence 22 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1683
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0013949 Bullock 09 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1604
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115912 Clay 11 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0010869 Barbour 01 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23007
UWAL
Tiodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
JSU115926 Marshall 13 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1609
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0008354 Bullock 18 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20710
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009324 Wilcox 26 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2405
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009305 Dale 15 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8103
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AMAL00023740 Colbert 10 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-672
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009304 Crenshaw 2 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4721
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AMAL00006197 Marion 30 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2114
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115919 Lawrence 23 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3164
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AMAL00019985 Mobile 24 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2212
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0009879 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7034
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
SAMF0005181 Tuscaloosa 05 May 1965 Wall, Ben
W-70
SAMF
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
UWAL0043828 Baldwin 25 May 1993 Walker, M.M.
12
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (R. & P.) Greene
JSU115905 Blount 31 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7872
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0010790 Barbour 01 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23007
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
SAMF0005180 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5771
SAMF
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
AUA000009309 Escambia 23 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4548
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
TROY000028357 Bullock 18 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20710
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0018568 Hale 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82413
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavon) Greene
JSU115931 Tuscaloosa 23 Apr 1967 Richardson, R.B.
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00060059 Bibb 17 May 1979 Creitz, S.J.
s.n.
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115904 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13451
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115925 Marshall 21 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1757
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000003475 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17434
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009308 Dallas 3 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1179
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
UWFP006583 Escambia 18 Apr 2010 James R. Burkhalter
22690
UWFP
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115909 Calhoun 18 Apr 1953 Mayes, Carolyn
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009300 Autauga 26 Apr 1984 Fleischer, S.J.
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AMAL00006193 Calhoun 03 May 1989 Spaulding, Daniel D.
139
AMAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UNA00026770 Shelby 09 May 1981 Horn, Charles N.
251
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
JSU115917 Fayette 17 Apr 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9536
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000030778 Escambia 23 Mar 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
4978
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115923 Lowndes 13 Apr 1975 Kral, Robert
55050
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
UWAL0050410 Bullock 17 May 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
274
UWAL
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
JSU115924 Macon 8 May 1973 Guyse, Keith D.
123
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
JSU115913 Cleburne 28 Apr 1970 Borden, Morris
s.n.
JSU
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
TROY000046395 Monroe 07 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28287
TROY
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pavón) Greene
AUA000009315 Lee 3 May 1963 Keyes, J.W.
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009313 Lee 6 May 1961 Beasly, C.G.
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
AUA000009303 Choctaw 4 May 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1379
AUA
Triodanis Biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene
UNA00026805 Hale 23 Apr 1966 Williams, Norris H.
223
UNA
Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav?n) Greene
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