Campanula americanum

Family:CAMPANULACEAE
Species:Campanula americanum Linnaeus
Common Name:American Bellflower; Tall Bellflower
Habitat:Mesic woods usually in basic soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:American Bellflower is a native herbaceous annual or biennial in the Bellflower family (Campanulaceae). It is native to area of Alabama underlain by limestone such as the Tennessee Valley and the Black Belt Prairie region. It occurs in in moist to dry hardwood forests, along streams, on roadsides, and along the margins of cedar glades and prairies. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect, 2-6 feet in height, green in color, and slightly pubescent. The stems are unbranched or slightly branched from near the base. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves are pubescent along the major veins on the lower side of the leaf. Flowers are produced in a terminal raceme. The calyx is divided into 5 linear lobes. The dark to light blue corolla is rotate with 5 lobes. The margins of the corolla lobes are undulate. The corolla has a white ring in its center and the style is large, bending downwards then curving up near its tip. The fruit is a capsule. American Bellflower is sometimes available from wildflower nurseries as seed. The plant prefers light shade to partial sun with a moist loamy soil. American Bellflower flowers are visited by many species of insects including the native oligolectic bee Megachile campanulae. This native bee pollinates of a wide array of wildflowers and crops.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAMPANULACEAE - Bellflower family
Genus Campanula
Species Campanula americanum Linnaeus - American Bellflower; Tall Bellflower

Citation

Citation Campanula americanum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 164. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 221.13). Lectotypified by Brummitt, Taxon 42: 879. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Campanulastrum americanum Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1141, 1338. 1903.Campanula americana Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000008958 Jackson 23 JUL 1983 DODD, J. K.
89
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
JSU106271 Lawrence 06 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3138
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026757 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 1966 Carol J. Brooks
157
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008952 Butler 20 AUG 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15660
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UWAL0008321 Jackson 20 Jul 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4693
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UNA00064556 Butler 20 Aug 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15660
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106282 Morgan 05 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3440A
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008956 Dallas 15 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
953
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UNA00026765 Greene 5 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2323
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008951 Butler 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
785
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
TROY000003412 Butler 20 Aug 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15660
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AMAL00006165 Madison 02 Aug 1996 S. J. Threldeld
815
AMAL
Campanula americana L.
TROY000017332 Madison 3 Jul 2002 Robert Kral
92799
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008950 Autauga 29 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6176
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
TROY000038049 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1081
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008954 Colbert 7 AUG 1971 STRAIT, DAN B.
143
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
JSU106256 Calhoun 11 Aug 1994 J. M. Ballard
50954
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026758 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 1966 Carol J. Brooks
157
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008962 Lowndes 24 JUL 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14041
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UWAL0008324 Sumter 23 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4903
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UNA00060376 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13498
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106280 Morgan 05 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3453
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008967 Wilcox 17 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
976
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
TROY000031996 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Brian R. Keener
6140
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008960 Lauderdale 8 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
233
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
AUA000008963 Lowndes 9 SEP 2004 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1624
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
AMAL00006169 Madison 14 Jul 1996 S. J. Threldeld
722
AMAL
Campanula americana L.
AUA000008965 Montgomery 31 JUL 2002 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13498
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
SAMF0005177 Clarke 15 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5372
SAMF
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0038575 Sumter 10 Sep 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10433
UWAL
Campanula americana Linnaeus
AMAL00006167 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 A. R. Diamond
13498
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UWAL0013693 Madison 02 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8020
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU146072 Calhoun 11 Sep 1992 F. Hutchinson
979
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
SAMF0005179 Clarke 05 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4425
SAMF
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0001079 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21504
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
TROY000003413 Montgomery 31 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13498
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106264 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
39871A
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026760 Sumter 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1752
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008957 Jackson 11 JUN 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47581
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UNA00026759 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
469
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UNA00026764 Hale 21 Aug 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
69
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
SAMF0005176 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
469
SAMF
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008953 Chilton 27 JUL 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15555
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
AMAL00018280 Jackson 20 Jul 2008 Brian R. Keener
4693
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008966 Russell 8 JUL 1981 ZAUNER, B.
033
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UNA00026763 Jackson 5 Jul 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8012
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106267 Jackson 24 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
773
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00022392 Greene 8 Jun 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
TROY000017477 Jackson 20 Jul 2008 Brian R. Keener
4693
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00069337 Jackson 20 Jul 2008 Brian R. Keener
4693
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106278 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18495
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000017331 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15555
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106259 Etowah 06 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
2990
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0008320 Franklin 25 Jun 2008 England, J. Kevin
0829
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
TROY000017039 Lowndes 9 Sep 2004 Curtis J. Hansen
1624
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106283 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
976
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000017041 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18058
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106257 DeKalb 23 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5219
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AMAL00016558 Butler 20 Aug 2005 A. R. Diamond
15660
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106266 Jackson 03 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
969
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106275 Marshall 02 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2514
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000048795 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
97
TROY
Campanula americanum Linnaeus
JSU106274 Madison 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6199
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0011450 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5351
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000031825 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21504
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106263 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3871A
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000028037 Franklin 25 Jun 2008 J. Kevin England
829
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026756 _ Jul 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106281 Morgan 05 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3453
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0001690 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6140
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106279 Morgan 05 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
519
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0008325 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3832
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UNA00043152 Dallas 15 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
953
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106268 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5451
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
SAMF0005175 Blount 13 Oct 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5697
SAMF
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0009941 Hale 03 Aug 2008 Spaulding, D.D.
13143
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AMAL00007698 Lowndes 24 Jul 2003 A. R. Diamond
14041
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008964 Montgomery 3 AUG 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
JSU106276 Marshall 21 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2401
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0008323 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18199
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
TROY000030408 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
378
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106265 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3871A
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026761 Marshall 2 Aug 1956 Joab L. Thomas
222
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
SAMF0005178 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5351
SAMF
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00063561 Madison 3 Jul 2002 R. Kral
92799
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106260 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
569
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00043153 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
976
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106272 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18120
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AMAL00014021 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3832
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008959 Jefferson 30 OCT 1977 TILLER, T.
159
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
JSU106255 Blount 17 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7371
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00014365 Colbert 2 Jul 1987 Charles T. Bryson
6343
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
AUA000008955 Conecuh 27 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2715
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
UNA00054297 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1227
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106269 Jackson 05 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5770
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000017040 Lowndes 24 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14041
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AMAL00012310 Lowndes 09 Sep 2004 C. J. Hansen
1624
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UWAL0013950 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1081
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000017042 Wilcox 7 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3832
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AMAL00006166 Madison 27 Jul 1996 S. J. Threldeld
757
AMAL
Campanula americana L.
JSU106262 Etowah 27 Jun 1967 Ross Clark
s.n.
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000008961 Lowndes 9 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3499
AUA
CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (L.) SMALL
AMAL00019955 Dallas 22 Jul 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-401
AMAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
TROY000014736 Lawrence 26 Jun 2005 J. Kevin England
430
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00026762 Madison 10 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
994
UNA
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106261 Etowah 12 Jul 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0044828 Jackson 13 Jul 2019 England, J. Kevin
10424
UWAL
Campanula americana Linnaeus
TROY000017470 Sumter 23 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4903
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000031901 Wilcox 27 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21483
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106277 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18579
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0011168 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3656
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106270 Jackson 12 Sep 1982 Michael A. Ray
40
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0008322 Lawrence 26 Jun 2005 England, J. Kevin
0430
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
UWAL0018804 Monroe 03 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86347
UWAL
Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
JSU106273 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
99
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000038082 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
8237
AUA
CAMPANULA AMERICANA L.
TROY000037210 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3656
TROY
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
JSU106258 DeKalb 23 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5219
JSU
Campanulastrum americanum (Linnaeus) Small
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