Brasenia schreberi

Family:CABOMBACEAE
Species:Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
Common Name:Water Shield; Purple Wen Dock
Habitat:Still and slow moving water.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Water Shield is a native perennial in the Water Shield family (Cabombaceae). Water Shield is a floating leafed perennial that grows in shallow ponds and lakes, sloughs, and beaver ponds. Water Shield is common in the southern two-thirds of Alabama, and scattered in the northern third. It is an aquatic perennial with creeping, thin rhizomes rooted in the mud at the bottom of the pond and floating leaves. The leaves are long petiolate, elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are green above and red below. The vegetative parts of the plant are heavily coated in a clear mucilage. This mucilage is thought to deter herbivores. Flowers extend above the water surface while open. The flowers are singular on long pedicles. The flowers have three thick, greenish-red sepals and three red petals. Flowers are open for a two-day period. On the first day the flower is open it is functionally female, with the stigmas receptive to pollen. At the end of the first day the flower is drawn below the water’s surface. On the second day the flower again extends above the water’s surface and the anthers release their pollen. The flower is then pulled below the water’s surface again and the fruit develop. Water Shield is wind pollinated. There are 4-18 pistils per flower, each with 1-2 ovules. Each fertilized pistil develops into a 1-2 seeded hard, ellipsoid or fusiform fruit. The style persists on the fruit. The fruit is indehiscent (does not split open to release the seed). Water Shield occurs on every continent except Antarctica and Europe. Is Asia, it is grown as a vegetable. The mucilage covering the plant has anti-bacterial and anti-algal properties. Water Shield is often considered a pest as its dense growth interferes with fishing, swimming, and boating. Its leaves help shade the water and lower its temperature and well as providing habitat and cover for fish and invertebrates. The fruit are eaten by water fowl.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCABOMBACEAE - Water-Shield family
Genus Brasenia
Species Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin - Water Shield; Purple Wen Dock

Citation

Citation BRASENIA SCHREBERI J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 853. 1791.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Brasenia hydropeltis Brasenia hydropeltis Muhlenberg ex Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 90, f. 17. 1828, nom. illegit.Hydropeltis purpurea Michaux 1803. 
Brasenia nymphoides Brasenia nymphoides Baillon, Hist. Pl. 3: 82. 1871.  
Brasenia peltata Brasenia peltata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 389. 1814, nom. illegit.Hydropeltis purpurea Michaux 1803. 
Hydropeltis pulla Hydropeltis pulla Salisbury, Ann. Bot. (Koenig & Sims) 2: 74. 1807.  
Hydropeltis purpurea Hydropeltis purpurea Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 324. 1803. NORTH CAROLINA/TENNESSEE:
Limnanthemum peltatum Limnanthemum peltatum (Thunberg) Grisebach, Gen. Sp. Gent. 348. 1838.Menyanthes peltata Thunberg 1815. 
Menyanthes peltata Menyanthes peltata Thunberg, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 7: 142. 1815.  
Brasenia purpurea Brasenia purpurea (Michaux) Caspary, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2): 6. 1888.Hydropeltis purpurea Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Lamar, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00051087 Bibb 12 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
96
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0008287 Sumter 09 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3470
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000003386 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
679
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031586 Butler 1 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
203
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031686 Escambia 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
244
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031641 Macon 17 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
312
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031546 Geneva 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
212
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031651 Washington 20 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
254
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031611 Henry 23 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
266
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031607 Shelby 27 Sep 1981 John H. Wiersema
2235
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031636 Monroe 30 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
343
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000003385 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2089
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNAF0001535 Marion 07 Jul 1977 Goodes, Naaman
010036
UNAF
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0039512 Jackson 22 Sep 2015 Webb, David H.
8226
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
USAM000003323 Wilcox 04 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6861
USAM
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
10837AUA_ACC Lee 22 JUN 1959 PONGSUWANA, UMPOL
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UWAL0008288 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-08
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
46278AUA_ACC Conecuh 1 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3458
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
AMAL00014789 Cherokee 26 Jun 2007 T. Wayne Barger
141
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00061177 Calhoun 28 Oct 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11661
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000044545 Lamar 04 Jul 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12994
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031662 Lowndes 1 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
198
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031566 Escambia 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
238
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00048618 Tuscaloosa 12 May 1977 John H. Wiersema
113
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031591 Crenshaw 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
205
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031511 Washington 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
160
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031642 Fayette 21 May 1978 John H. Wiersema
351a
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031621 Chilton 24 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
188
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031626 Mobile 3 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
169
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031531 Baldwin 9 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
330
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AMAL00008186 Bibb 28 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11941
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000017031 Butler 18 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19263
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00058028 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2089
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031526 Wilcox 4 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6861
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
10851AUA_ACC Lee 22 JUL 1959 AKEDIN, ZAYNUL
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
SAMF0000091 Crenshaw 19 May 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2446
SAMF
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmelin
UWAL0008286 Conecuh 13 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19250
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AMAL00000725 Lamar 04 Jul 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12994
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNAF0001534 Limestone 01 Jul 1977 Koch, Leroy
010056
UNAF
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031671 Covington 10 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
231
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031627 Wilcox 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
247
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031687 Elmore 17 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
321
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031502 Greene 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
155
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031692 Butler 21 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
260
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031501 Russell 23 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
248
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031682 Geneva 3 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
219
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031606 Marengo 4 Jul 1980 John H. Wiersema
1962
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000017286 Bibb 28 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11941
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
45152AUA_ACC Russell 1 MAY 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
254
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UWAL0039478 Jackson 23 Sep 2014 Webb, David H.
8127
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
AMAL00006143 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2089
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031521 Mobile 2 Jun 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6546
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0038061 Tallapoosa 27 Aug 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14952
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00051053 Hale 1 Jul 1994 Michelle Birk
57
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000046600 Autauga 02 May 2017 Matthew R. Parker
709
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
JSU103196 Etowah 30 Nov 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3301
JSU
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
USAM000003324 Mobile 27 Nov 1968 Michel G. Lelong
5040
USAM
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031506 Butler 1 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
201
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031571 Conecuh 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
241
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031652 Autauga 17 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
305
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031547 Coffee 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
208
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031667 Washington 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
166
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031697 Pike 22 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
264
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031661 Autauga 25 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
193
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031681 Baldwin 30 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
341
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000043935 Montgomery 12 May 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27395
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
AMAL00006146 Etowah 29 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11424
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNAF0001536 Morgan 00 Jul 1979 Daly, Robert
010046
UNAF
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0038885 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 Hansen C. J.
4763
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
UNA00031541 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000003387 Pike 9 Oct 2000 James A. Hall
150
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
54302AUA_ACC Geneva 1 JUL 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8724
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
SAMF0002891 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5677
SAMF
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmelin
UNA00059340 Etowah 29 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11424
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0039290 Montgomery 28 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27533
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
USAM000003322 Mobile 24 Jun 1969 Michel G. Lelong
5128
USAM
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031581 Lowndes 1 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
200
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031561 Covington 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
240
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031512 Tuscaloosa 16 May 1977 John H. Wiersema
119
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031542 Crenshaw 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
207
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031507 Washington 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
162
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031691 Bullock 22 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
262
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031556 Autauga 24 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
190
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031612 Limestone 3 Jun 1979 John H. Wiersema
787
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00048848 Henry 4 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10361
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AMAL00006144 Calhoun 28 Oct 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11661
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000017033 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19307
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00067011 Sumter 9 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3470
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031537 Autauga 15 Sep 1979 Russell A. Meigs
285
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00062290 Bibb 28 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11941
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0002281 Lamar 04 Jul 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12994
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
USAM000003321 Baldwin 14 Aug 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9379
USAM
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
5786AUA_ACC Wilcox 21 JUN 1958 MATSCHKE, GEORGE
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UNA00031557 Escambia 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
237
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031646 Barbour 12 Jun 1979 John H. Wiersema
870
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031516 Butler 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
204
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031657 Choctaw 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
158
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031617 Hale 21 May 1977 John H. Wiersema
140
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031576 Russell 23 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
250
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031676 Geneva 3 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
223
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00048621 Bibb 9 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
228
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AMAL00006147 Madison 08 Aug 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9870
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi Gmelin
TROY000017032 Conecuh 13 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19250
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
JSU103197 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
263
JSU
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
53839AUA_ACC Pike 27 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9204A
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UNA00048620 Perry 26 Sep 1981 Robert R. Haynes
8484
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000037231 Coosa 20 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24085
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0008285 Butler 18 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19263
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
70580AUA_ACC Lamar 04 Jul 2008 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12994
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
AMAL00010721 Monroe 11 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12961
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
59262AUA_ACC Geneva 13 MAY 1999 KRAL, ROBERT
88439
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UNA00031551 Covington 10 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
234
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031616 Chambers 12 Jun 1979 John H. Wiersema
834
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00048619 Hale 19 May 1977 John H. Wiersema
129
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031656 Choctaw 2 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
156
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031622 Greene 21 May 1977 John H. Wiersema
138
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031631 Russell 23 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
249
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031562 Geneva 3 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
222
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031666 Baldwin 4 Jun 1977 John H. Wiersema
178
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
TROY000017287 Calhoun 28 Oct 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11661
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
TROY000036048 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
904
TROY
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0039479 Jackson 23 Sep 2014 Webb, David H.
8128
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
JSU103198 Talladega 05 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11896
JSU
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00031637 Chilton 24 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
5955
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AMAL00006145 Geneva 13 May 1999 R. Kral
88439
AMAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00050533 Perry 18 May 1994 Michelle Birk
14
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
AUA000031605 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4763
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J. F. GMEL.
UWAL0013755 Coosa 20 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24085
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UWAL0001571 Hale 26 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6170
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031552 Conecuh 10 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
229
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031647 Wilcox 11 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
246
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031632 Macon 17 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
318
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031677 Houston 2 Jul 1977 John H. Wiersema
216
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031536 Baldwin 21 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
259
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031696 Henry 23 Aug 1977 John H. Wiersema
267
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031672 Dallas 29 Aug 1980 John H. Wiersema
2035
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UNA00031596 Tuscaloosa 31 Oct 1977 John H. Wiersema
347
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0002582 Monroe 11 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12961
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
53248AUA_ACC Dale 3 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8220
AUA
BRASENIA SCHREBERI J.F. GMEL
UWAL0039407 Jackson 22 Sep 2015 Webb, David H.
8229
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J. F. Gmel.
UWAL0012701 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0904
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
UNA00021672 Perry 5 Oct 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1878
UNA
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0016861 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
3677
UWAL
Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmelin
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