Sisymbrium officinale

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
Common Name:Common Hedge Mustard
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SIOF
Plant Notes:Common Hedge Mustard is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Mustard family (Brassicaceae). It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia. In Alabama in can be found statewide. Common Hedge Mustard grows in fallow fields, in pastures, on roadsides, in alluvial woods, and along railroad tracks. It is an annual with a large tap root. Seed sprout in the winter and form a basal rosette of leaves. The basal leaves are petiolate, oblanceolate to oblong in outline, pubescent or glabrous, and lyrate pinnatifid with toothed margins. The terminal lobe of the leaf is larger than the lateral lobes. Stems are 1-4 feet in height. The stems are unbranched or branched above the middle. The stems are green or purple in color, glabrate or retrorsly pubescent. Stem leaves are alternate, petiolate, pinnatifid or pinnatisect, pubescent or glabrous, with toothed margins. Flowers are produced in elongate racemes. Flowers have 4 small spatulate petals. The fruit is a silique. The fruit are sessile or with short pedicels and appressed to the rachis. Common Hedge Mustard is widely cultivated in Europe where the leaves are eaten in salads or cooked like cabbage. The seed are used to make a mustard paste. The Greeks believed that Common Hedge Mustard was an antidote for all poisons. It is known by the name of “Singer’s Plant” in traditional medicine where it is considered a remedy for loss of voice.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Sisymbrium
Species Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli - Common Hedge Mustard

Citation

Citation SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (Linnaeus) Scopoli, Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 2: 26. 1772.
Basionym: Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753.
Type: "Europe", without data (lectotype: LINN 837.1). Lectotypified by Hedge, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 1: 483. 1965.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chamaeplium officinale Chamaeplium officinale (Linnaeus) Wallroth, Sched. Crit. 377. 1822.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Crucifera sisymbrium Crucifera sisymbrium (E. H. L. Krause) E. H. L. Krause, in Sturm, Fl. Deutschl., ed. 2. 6: 84. 1902, nom. illegit.Nasturtium sisymbrium E. H. L. Krause 1900; Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Erysimum officinale var. leiocarpum Erysimum officinale Linnaeus, var. leiocarpum (de Candolle) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 97. 1924.Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli, var. leiocarpum de Candolle 1821. 
Erysimum sinapistrum Erysimum sinapistrum (Crantz) Ruprecht, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg, ser. 7. 14: 39. 1869.Sisymbrium sinapistrum Crantz 1769. 
Erysimum vulgare Erysimum vulgare Ruprecht, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg, ser. 7. 15(2): 91. 1869, nom. illegit.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Erysimum officinale Erysimum officinale Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 660. 1753. "Europe", without data (lectotype: LINN 837.1). Lectotypified by Hedge, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 1: 483. 1965.
Hesperis officinalis Hesperis officinalis (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 935. 1891.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753 
Kibera officinalis Kibera officinalis (Linnaeus) Calestani, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 15: 379. 1908.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Nasturtium sisymbrium Nasturtium sisymbrium E. H. L. Krause, Bot. Centralbl. 81: 231. 1900.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Phryne vulgaris Phryne vulgaris Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 173. 1901, nom. illegit.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Sisymbrium leiocarpum Sisymbrium leiocarpum (de Candolle) Jordan, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 7: 507. 1860-1861.Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli, var. leiocarpum de Candolle 1821. 
Sisymbrium officinale var. genuinum Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli, var. genuinum Briquet, Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(1): 22. 1913, nom. inadmiss.Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli 1772; Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Sisymbrium sinapistrum Sisymbrium sinapistrum Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. 138. 1769.  
Sisymbrium officinale var. leiocarpum Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli, var. leiocarpum de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 460. 1821.  
Valarum officinale Valarum officinale (Linnaeus) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 54. 1866.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 
Velarum officinale Velarum officinale (Linnaeus) Reichenbach, in Moessler, Handb. Gewaechsk., ed. 2. 2: 1165. 1828.Erysimum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Butler, Calhoun, Cleburne, Coffee, Crenshaw, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, St. Clair, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2012 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000044356 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27783
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0017611 Coffee 30 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26249
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118354 Cleburne 12 Apr 1997 J. M. Ballard
7313
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UNA00065835 Calhoun 1 May 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12261
UNA
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
TROY000003356 Butler 15 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16251
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
47010AUA_ACC Lee 11 MAY 1973 KING, B. L.
102
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
TROY000043853 Montgomery 10 Apr 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27299
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0036216 Marengo 09 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8305
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118352 Calhoun 18 Jun 1973 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118351 Calhoun 10 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
1642
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118353 Cleburne 9 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9702
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
41371AUA_ACC Lee 14 MAY 1986 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
UWAL0039942 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27783
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118543 Marshall 18 Apr 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3479
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0032313 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6103
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0018118 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3280
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0037118 Morgan 20 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14527
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
51667AUA_ACC Pike 11 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6811
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
JSU118358 Jackson 11 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8360
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118544 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9630
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118357 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16419
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
TROY000042132 Coffee 30 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26249
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118350 Calhoun 10 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
1642
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
AMAL00006130 DeKalb 13 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11,285a
AMAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
73210AUA_ACC Limestone 28 MAR 2012 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
3280
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
UWAL0032982 Montgomery 10 Apr 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27299
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118541 Marshall 2 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1463
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
TROY000017259 Winston 01 May 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12261
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UNA00012945 Mobile 22 Jun 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
UWAL0031643 Lawrence 25 Apr 2012 England, J. Kevin
3329
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0037146 Cullman 30 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14575
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
65759AUA_ACC Butler 15 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16251
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
TROY000044042 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 J. Kevin England
3280
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaues) Scopoli
JSU118360 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17795
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118542 Marshall 2 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1463
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
TROY000037304 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4428
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
AMAL00011604 Winston 01 May 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12261
AMAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
AMAL00006131 Madison 30 May 2001 Charles T. Bryson
18697
AMAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scopoli
51284AUA_ACC Pike 20 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6825
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
TROY000045674 Autauga 21 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
484
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118356 Etowah 22 Apr 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9763
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
JSU118359 Limestone 27 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17915
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UNA00012946 Limestone 20 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
552
UNA
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
AMAL00006132 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8353
AMAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scopoli
55498AUA_ACC Crenshaw 7 APR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9510
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
UWAL0017523 Marengo 20 Apr 2013 England, J. Kevin
4173
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0010231 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4428
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
AMAL00016018 Butler 15 Apr 2006 A. R. Diamond
16251
AMAL
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
JSU118355 DeKalb 20 Apr 1997 J. M. Ballard
7164
JSU
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
UWAL0031542 Morgan 18 Aug 2010 England, J. Kevin
2329
UWAL
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
TROY000017028 Butler 12 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18942
TROY
Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli
45277AUA_ACC Macon 15 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, DANIEL S.
191
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
66108AUA_ACC Winston 1 MAY 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12261
AUA
SISYMBRIUM OFFICINALE (L.) SCOP.
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